Infectious diseases do not so often affect decorative rabbits, as, for example, their economic relatives. Firstly, domestic animals practically do not contact similar relatives. Secondly, they are at home, not on the street, and thirdly, in the cages of pets, cleaning and cleaning of litter is more often performed.
But even here, a tiny animal can lurk dangerous viruses and germs. They can be brought from the street on clothes or in the hands of people, and can also be transmitted through insects, with food or water.
Stomatitis is a common disease of both ordinary and ornamental rabbits. over, it is often more difficult for pets, since in the process of breeding, they do not form innate immunity. It is important to immediately identify the symptoms of malaise and show the animal to the nearest veterinarian.
- whitish plaque on the tongue and on the oral mucosa, possible sores;
- wet mouth and nose due to excessive salivation;
- poor appetite, animal anxiety;
- sore skin on the lips.
- treatment by a veterinarian is prescribed;
- as preliminary actions can be called irrigation of the oral cavity with a solution of copper sulfate (2%);
- the use of streptocide (grind into powder and give every 10 hours);
- enhanced course of vitamin therapy.
It occurs in both ordinary and decorative rabbits. The disease has three stages of the course: chronic, subacute and acute. Their course and symptoms depend on the general condition of the animal and the strength of its immunity. May be activated due to other ailments, colds, helminths and other
- rapid breathing of the pet and audible "wheezing", "gurgling";
- the animal can wash itself and rub its nose with its paws;
- the nose and ears inside turn red and begin to be wet;
- with a running condition, a runny nose and pus from the nose are secreted;
- inflammatory processes in the body.
- furatsilin buried in the nose;
- Penicillin is prescribed as a general drug;
- disinfection of the cage and all equipment (house, feeders, drinking bowls, toys) with a formaldehyde solution;
- broad antibiotics are prescribed, for example, Terramycin or Biomycin. Treatment can last from 14 to 30 days.
This disease is caused by salmonella, which often enter the body through water and food. There may be other factors of the spread and appearance of the ailment, for example, vitamin deficiencies, tightness and dirt in the cell, sudden changes in temperature and so on.
Especially often animals become sick in the summer, when warm weather activates the development of the disease. Salmonella bacteria are also very dangerous for humans, so when dealing with a sick animal you need to observe increased personal hygiene: wash your hands thoroughly with soap and soap with hot water.
- bloating and gas;
- pitting diarrhea;
- sharp jumps in body temperature;
- rapid loss of activity, lethargy, apathy.
- disinfection and 20-day quarantine;
- improved feeding and hygiene;
- steam treatment of feed and feeders, as well as disinfectant solutions;
- unfortunately, only strong antibiotic therapy (first hours), if it does not help, then euthanasia of the animal.
This type of ailment is caused by a specific strain of viruses that infect the lungs of animals. There are two forms of the course of the disease: chronic and acute. In the first stage, the sick rabbit recovers in 12-15 days, in the acute course, animals often die in 3-4 days. Symptoms at first are very similar to the general malaise of the animal.
- difficulty breathing, coughing;
- tousled hair;
- animals become inactive, lethargic;
- mucous discharge from the nose.
- treatment is carried out only with antibiotics;
- without complications in the chronic form, sulfa drugs can be prescribed;
- glucose and ascorbic acid.
What are the signs of a sick rabbit?
First of all, a healthy animal leads an active lifestyle. He has no appetite problems. Nose and ears in healthy rabbits without secretions. The coat is smooth and even. The signs of the disease can be judged by feces and urine.
As for the sick rabbit, his behavior is different from healthy. He is lethargic, sits with virtually no movement or even lies with his eyes closed, breathing heavily. Depending on the disease of the rabbit, excessive hair loss, sores on the skin can serve as a sign. From the nose and ears there are discharge, in appearance resembling pus.
The second most dangerous of all diseases of decorative rabbits, as they affect the coat. Many animals after these diseases for a long time can not participate in exhibitions and be tribal parents.
Called by a special group of fungi that feed on skin and hair cells. It spreads through dust and other animals. It is important to isolate the animal from children when it detects an ailment.
- red, round spots;
- a flaky edge is visible around the focus, and normal skin in the center.
- the animal itches, tears the coat.
- you can choose both oral medications for treatment, and ointments;
- use Zomekol aerosol, chlorhexidine solution and their analogues;
- mandatory disinfection.
Chronic skin disease caused by fungi. It is activated in the winter, as well as in the demi-season. The most common cause of lichen is a violation of hygiene, as well as the presence of affected areas and wounds on the skin of animals.
- many small lesions;
- peeling of the skin, itching;
- baldness of certain areas of the skin.
- lesions without crusts lubricate with 10% tincture of iodine every 2-3 days;
- foci with crusts are treated with green soap and lubricated with a 5% sulfur-carbolic mixture;
- 2% formalin solution.
If you put the cage with the animal in direct sunlight or, moreover, he was sitting near the window, then heat stroke can occur. This is a kind of ailment, because with quick help, the animal recovers without any problems. But without a quick response, the rabbit can die.
- symptoms of fever, apathy, lethargy;
- thirst and loss of appetite;
- the rabbit lies with outstretched paws;
- the pet has fever or fever, diarrhea.
- immediately move the animal to a cool, darkened place;
- give water and limit feed; remove feeders;
- put wet compresses on the head of the animal and on its paws;
- Do not touch or disturb the animal for several hours.
Often occurs in decorative rabbits due to stress, the accumulation of wool in the intestines, and also due to unbalanced nutrition. It brings discomfort to the animal and can last a long time.
- the rabbit unsuccessfully visits the tray;
- lays on a stomach, accepts various poses;
- whining or panting;
- symptoms of anxiety, can not sit still.
- give chamomile infusion;
- provide an influx of clean air;
- treatment with Cerucal and the like.
Injuries and bruises
A special type of disease, when a rabbit during walks can damage a limb. Often during the game, animals jump and run fast, so there should not be any extra objects on their site.
- the rabbit does not move much;
- pulls the foot or does not step on it;
- shakes limbs, licks them if there is pain.
- you need to examine the pet, check the limbs for damage;
- if the animal stands on the foot, but is lame, it must be bandaged and fixed as motionless as possible;
- contact vetklniku and take a picture for further treatment;
- if there is a fracture or severe bruise, the veterinarian may splint and prescribe treatment.
Diseases of non-viral etiology
The following pathologies include non-infectious or, as they are also called, non-infectious diseases of the rabbit:
- digestive disorders. rabbits have a weak stomach, quickly and painfully reacting to any product that can cause gastrointestinal upset and even lead to death;
- mechanical effects (frostbite, shock, draft, dust, injuries and others);
Causes and signs
Details of each disease in the table below.
Diseases of rabbits, photos and descriptions of which are presented above, are treatable if you start it in a timely manner.
With gastrointestinal disorders, the following therapeutic measures are used:
- Fasting for 12–20 hours. You can then give soft feed in small quantities. For example, pour boiled water over feed and let it brew.
- With diarrhea, the rabbit needs an enema. Castor oil or soapy water of small concentration is suitable for this.
- With diarrhea, 0.1 g of synthomycin should be given orally 1-2 times a day, diluted in a small amount of water.
- When bloating, the rabbit needs to be given a solution of ichthyol (10%) in a volume of 8 ml.
What to do in case of frostbite in a rabbit? If they are insignificant, you don’t have to do anything special. It is enough to warm the animal by moving it to a warm place. If frostbite is more significant and its symptoms are visible to the naked eye, the blister must be opened to let the liquid come out of it.
During heat or sunstroke, the rabbit is transferred to a cool place. Compresses should be applied to the legs and head (moisten a rag in cold water) with a frequency of 5 minutes.
If a rabbit gets sick as a result of exposure to draft, it will help heat, vitamins and clean air. When dust, harmful gases or other substances get into the respiratory tract, furatsilin is introduced into the nose (4 drops in each nostril). When the lesion is severe, an antibacterial drug is used.
The treatment of a rabbit for injuries depends on the type and extent of the lesion. In case of injury, a cold compress is applied to the damaged area. If the wound is open and bleeding has begun, it must first be stopped and then treated with iodine.
With plantar dermatitis, the rabbit’s feet are lubricated with zinc or lead ointment. Wounds are treated with iodine. If foci have formed with pus, Vishnevsky ointment is applied.
If diseases of a non-viral etiology can be prevented (in fact, the person is to blame for them), then no one is safe from infection.
The following rabbit diseases are known (photo and description below), which are capable of being transmitted from one individual to another:
- rabbit hemorrhagic disease;
Causes and signs
Diseases of rabbits of viral origin are presented in the table below.
Parasites can also attack your animal. At the same time, hygiene is not important or not, because many parasites can cause a lack of vitamins or nutrition, as well as diseases of a different nature. Internal parasites include protozoa, as well as various kinds of worms. External include fleas, lice, ticks and lice eaters.
If not the first, then the second most common disease among pets. Worms live in the normal microflora of the intestines of animals, but in any adverse situations begin to develop strongly. These parasites can populate any internal organs and cause their serious ailments.
- loss of appetite and lethargy;
- increased appetite, but sudden weight loss;
- upset or constipated bowel;
- fever, depression.
- First of all, you need to get rid of parasites, and then remove their toxins;
- All medications are prescribed by the veterinarian based on laboratory tests and determining the type of worms;
- You can try to give the animal a decoction of medicinal herbs or pumpkin seeds.
Scabies mites often infect ornamental rabbits, especially those acquired in the bird market. All three types of scabies mites (pruritus, skin-eaters and cuticles) can be transmitted to humans or from humans to animals.
- redness of the skin in delicate thin areas (ears, paws, muzzle);
- itching, anxiety of the animal;
- purulent wounds and crusts occur.
- rub 60% Hyposulfite solution;
- animal disinfection and quarantine;
- the use of drugs against ticks and their eggs.
Often those rabbits that are kept on trellised floors and hard floors have this disease. It is characterized by the formation on the legs of wounds and calluses. However, improper sanitary conditions also often lead to this ailment.
- sores on the sole of the paws;
- corns and peeling of the skin;
- foot baldness;
- lameness and loss of ability to move around the cell;
- pus is released from wounds in the acute course of the disease.
- treatment of wounds with any disinfectant;
- rubbing calluses and wounds with tincture of calendula;
- dressing with emollient;
- when purulent wounds appear, the legs need to be treated with an antibiotic.
The bulk of rabbit diseases quickly infect the body. It happens that from the moment of the onset of initial symptoms to death only a few hours pass, so you need to act quickly and clearly. If a sick rabbit lives with other individuals, then most likely the virus will go to them.
Mass infection and death of individuals can lead to the closure of the business and serious losses, therefore prevention measures are so important, which are not so difficult to follow. Here are a few rules:
- After purchasing a rabbit, it should be vaccinated and quarantined for 3 weeks.
- Even if a new rabbit has been vaccinated, it is still placed separately from the rest, so that over time to reveal the presence or absence of signs of disease.
- With the appearance of unpleasant symptoms of diseases of rabbits, the pet is protected from the rest, so as not to provoke the spread of infection.
- Constantly you need to maintain cleanliness in the cells, remove the remnants of food and feces.
- Daily thorough disinfection of tools, drinking bowls and bowls.
- If the rabbit is transferred to another cage, it should also be previously washed and disinfected.
- The cage should not stand in a draft and in a humid room.
- Regularly inspect individuals, monitor the eyelids and mucous membranes to identify possible wounds, and monitor the condition of the hair in rabbits.
- To choose a disinfectant, you need to build on specific rabbit disease symptoms and treatments.
- If the cell is metallic, then the elimination of viruses and bacteria is carried out by disinfection, that is, it is poured with boiling water.
- In the case of the birth of small rabbits, they need to be examined every day.
- If a contagious disease is present, the rabbit is killed.
- In the room where the rabbit is kept, there should not be rodents.
If the rabbit is sick, he needs regular care and supervision of the owner and veterinarian. Cases when the pet has recovered and finally overcome the disease are not so frequent. Infectious diseases of rabbits usually cause the death of the animal, which is why the animal is slaughtered even before death.
Rabbit diseases are treated according to their shape. If they have a non-contagious disease, then individuals starve for about 12-20 hours. Then gradually I begin to introduce soft feed mixtures, compound feed with steamed potatoes into the diet.
How to treat constipation? In this case, the following procedures are carried out:
- 1 teaspoon of castor oil is given to rabbits;
- rubbing the abdomen using saline (½ cup 1 teaspoon of edible salt);
- an enema is made with a mild soapy solution;
- conducting daily runs.
When infectious diseases appear, drug treatment is performed. In these cases, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antiviral drugs and immunomodulators are given. It is also necessary to disinfect cells and equipment.
In general, treatment methods depend on the symptoms of the disease. But rabbit treatment is required only after a full examination by a veterinarian.
Rabbit diseases, photos and descriptions of which are presented above, are quite dangerous. Therefore, it is important to detect them in a timely manner and conduct treatment. Preventive measures consist of vaccination, periodic examination of animals and providing them with proper care.
What is sick of decorative and dwarf rabbits
Since pets are largely dependent on nutrition and care, you should purchase only high-quality feed and give the rabbit as much attention and care as possible.
Rabbits are bred for meat, and just for the soul. In the second case, decorative and dwarf animals are often acquired. As a rule, dwarf rabbits get sick because they are poorly cared for and malnourished.
As the main diseases that pets are susceptible to, they distinguish:
- constipation and diarrhea;
- the appearance of purulent abscesses;
Some of the diseases listed above cannot be cured, others can be done with careful supervision of a specialist.
What are the diseases in dwarf rabbits:
- Heat stroke and frostbite.
- Mechanical damage and injury.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and respiratory organs.
To choose the right treatment for rabbits with folk remedies, you should take into account the age of the rabbit and its weight indicator. If the pet eats correctly and comprehensively, it will easily transfer non-communicable diseases.
You have acquired a rabbit and still do not know how to determine its condition? Then this video will be useful. Here you will learn how a healthy animal should look and when to get vaccinated, what to look for when buying.