Hemorrhagic rabbit disease is currently quite common. Rabbits belong to the category of mammals, which easily get used to the hands. It is now popular to breed rabbits both for farming and for your own pleasure. These animals are attractive, firstly, for their dietary meat, and secondly, their skins are in demand for fur products.
Rabbits need careful care. Every day you need to add clean water, clean the cells and change the litter.
Rabbits breed very quickly and are pleasant and good-natured animals. The only problem in raising rabbits is their propensity for a variety of diseases from which death can occur.
If rabbits are grown in a cage, then they need careful care. Every day you need to add clean water, clean the cells and change the litter. Water is an essential component when feeding, as it contributes to better digestion of food. Even though the rabbit in the summer receives a lot of food saturated with liquid, you should not limit them with water.
Feed rabbits at least 2-3 times a day.
Such animals are fed various vegetables, leaves, shoots, various herbs. In particular, dandelion and nettle are often used, do not forget about wood feed. For the winter period, it is better to prepare hay from a variety of herbs and crops. oats.
For better growth and fertility, a wide variety of feeds must be present in the animal’s diet. For them it is bad when you overfeed or do not overfeed, everything should be in moderation. Rabbits very quickly get used to the established regime, so they are fed at a certain time. Remember that animals are not recommended to give fresh food, the grass should be dried.
Rabbit meat is considered a dietary product that is well absorbed. It contains many vitamins and iron, proteins. It is not as fatty as pork and beef, however, in terms of nutrition, it is higher than the meat of other animals. Due to the content of nitrogenous substances, the meat is very soft and tender.
Experts recommend eating the meat of this animal for severe diseases of the stomach, kidneys, and also after surgery. Its advantage is that it is low in fat and cholesterol. Rabbit meat is compared to white meat.
It is especially useful for children’s diets, nursing mothers, so that the child receives all the vitamins. The most amazing thing is that a rabbit until seven months of age does not absorb various pesticides that are added to feed.
However, such pleasant and useful animals suffer greatly from viral diseases. One of the most common is the rabbit viral hemorrhagic disease.
Features of the disease
Before the outcome, a yellowish liquid may be released from the nose in rabbits.
This disease is absolutely safe for humans and is not transmitted from animals. The source of this virus is considered to be the north of China, then it spread in Europe and here. The most interesting thing is that at first the disease of rabbits is completely imperceptible. Its symptoms can be noticed after three weeks. Initially, animals feed in the same mode, and they are quite active.
After the incubation period, before the fever manifests itself, the animals become angled and stop eating. In rabbits, blood or a yellowish liquid may be released from the nose before the outcome.
The problem is that the owner can not determine when his pets became infected with this disease. The only recommendation is to periodically measure body temperature.
Hemorrhagic rabbit disease can occur with another scary virus. myxomatosis.
Until two months of age, rabbits are not susceptible to disease.
Females are most open to this virus in the autumn and winter, the virus spreads in the air.
If the rabbit is already infected, its meat can be eaten in a diet, just be sure to boil it. With the disease, all organs are affected, especially the liver and lungs.
Is it possible to avoid the disease?
What is the treatment for the disease? Unfortunately, there is currently no specific treatment option. Perhaps rabbits are not an urgent topic for specialists, or simply have not yet found the necessary method. So it is impossible to cure animals from hemorrhagic disease, but prevention is possible.
In order to avoid rabbit hemorrhagic disease, vaccination is necessary.
- There is a special serum against fever, and with timely intervention you can protect your pets. Serum is administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly. It is a clear yellowish-red liquid, the drug must be heated before administration.
- If the owner has discovered sick rabbits, they must be disposed of and thoroughly disinfected in the room and tools. In order to avoid hemorrhagic disease of rabbits, it is best to vaccinate them all, although, of course, no one gives a 100% guarantee. The first vaccination is done after forty-five days, then every three months, and so on throughout the rabbit’s existence. Each rabbit is vaccinated with a separate needle.
- The rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus spreads through air, water, and food. The virus is well preserved in the skin, down and in everything that the rabbits touched. Therefore, after their death, mandatory disposal and disinfection is necessary. This disease is well preserved in the cold, and it is difficult to destroy.
- It is recommended that animals not be bred for five years to reduce the likelihood of infection.
- For the smallest percentage of rabbit infections, certain rules should be followed. Animals can be kept in special enclosures, cages, or, if possible, in the wild. In any case, in the warm season they can live under a canopy, but at the same time they must be protected from weather disasters.
In cold weather, rabbits are placed indoors. The room where the pets are located must be placed away from other animals and the apartment building. An acceptable temperature for the content should be up to 20 degrees.
The room where the pets are located must be placed away from other animals and the apartment building.
Carefully monitor this, since the big temperature changes the rabbits tolerate quite difficult.
Drafts are especially dangerous, and they can get sick. If animals are indoors, take into account the mandatory need for fresh air circulation, it is vital for them. Carefully clean cages and the premises daily; hygiene is the main motto of rabbit breeders.
When cleaning, do not forget about feeders and drinking bowls. Ultraviolet exposure is very useful: rabbits that run free will become healthier and more fertile. The quality of rabbit fur will depend on good nutrition and careful care. During a period of lack of vitamins, you can feed compound feeds. In the cold season, the cage must be driven with hay so that the rabbits can warm up. The main feature of the design of cells is ease of cleaning.
Animal cages should be comfortable, their sizes can be completely different, it all depends on what breed will be grown. The frame is mainly made of bars, and the side parts of plywood, the front part using a grid. The floor is installed at an angle, which is made of mesh, and a pallet is installed below. The roof is made of slate or profiled sheet.
During installation, the cage rises a meter from the floor. It is undesirable to set it high above the ceiling, as the animals can be very hot. Up to two animals, or several small ones, can be placed in one cage, so that they are not crowded. For pregnant rabbits, two compartments are made in one cage, one for feeding, the other for babies.