The lungs in rabbits are very sensitive. They quickly respond to the conditions in which the animal is kept and how it breathes. Any problem with the lungs is a serious threat to the life of the eared.
Therefore, it is very important to monitor the state of respiration of the animal and listen to extraneous sounds. Most often, rabbit grunts speak of lung problems.
Is it worth worrying if the rabbit grunts
Often the owners of rabbits, having heard that their animal grunts, begin to panic. But before you guess what disease struck your pet, watch him. For rabbits, especially decorative breeds, it is absolutely normal to grunt when they are annoyed or unhappy with something. Unsterilized individuals can also grunt during mating games. Eared can grunt when approaching each other or when moving towards the owner. In any of these situations, the rabbit grunts for a short time. The rest of the time, he breathes absolutely normal.
Reasons why the rabbit is panting
Changing the breathing of an eared can be associated with mechanical or infectious lung lesions. on this later.
An eared can injure the lungs, falling from a height or if a heavy object falls on it or a chest is pinched by a door. Also, the bite of a large animal (dog) can cause lung injury by breaking the capillaries, which often leads to the opening of bleeding, the appearance of stagnant and inflammatory processes, pneumothorax. The listed dangers can lie in wait for the animal both at home and during a walk.
- frequent and heavy breathing (it is difficult for the eared to breathe);
- if bleeding has opened, then the mucous membranes turn pale (anemia);
- deterioration of appetite or its complete loss;
- wheezing can occur with the onset of pathological changes in the body.
It is possible to diagnose an injury definitively only by collecting a patient’s history, examining him and taking x-rays. Treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian after establishing an accurate diagnosis. The following drugs may be prescribed:
- heart preparations (Sulfocamphocaine, Caffeine);
- hemostatic (Etamzilat, Decinon, Vikasol);
- anti-inflammatory ("Dexamethasone", "Dexafort", "Traumeel", "Traumatine");
- if there is an inflammatory process, then, most likely, antibiotics will be prescribed.
Very often, the lungs of the eared infectious and fungal diseases.
The causative agent of the disease is gram-negative bacillus Pasteurella multocida. It affects the upper respiratory tract of the eared. The disease proceeds in two forms: acute and chronic. In the first case, the disease manifests itself suddenly, and its course is rapid. All mucous membranes are filled with blood. In the second form, the disease is localized in the respiratory tract and digestive tract.
Symptoms of the acute form:
- sudden increase in body temperature to 41–42 degrees;
- redness of the mucous membranes;
- complete loss of appetite;
- depressed look;
- the animal dies within 1-2 days after infection.
Symptoms of a chronic form:
- deterioration of appetite or its complete loss;
- accumulation of mucus or an inflammatory process with pus in the lungs, due to which the rabbit wheezes and breathes heavily;
- diarrhea / constipation;
- the body is depleted, and after a week the animal dies.
Video: Symptoms and prevention of pasteurellosis
The acute form of the disease cannot be cured, since it occurs suddenly and quickly ends in death.
After the death of the first individual, its carcass must be given for laboratory research to establish a diagnosis, and for the rest, a course of treatment is carried out:
- Sulfanilamides (0.2-0.3 g for an adult animal and 0.1-0.2 g for a young animal for 3-4 days).
- “Tetracycline” or “Biomycin” (25 thousand units per kilogram of weight twice a day intramuscularly for 3-4 days).
- You can combine sulfonamides with antibiotics (3 days sulfonamides, 3 days intramuscular antibiotics, 3 days again sulfonamides).
Fungal infection of the respiratory tract. Possible spread to the brain, kidneys, eyes and skin. Mushrooms of the genus Aspergillus are found in soil, flour, moldy grain, industrial dust, water, and wooden products. Immunocompromised rabbits are most susceptible to infection. The disease develops slowly.
- depressed state;
- loss of appetite;
- frequent and heavy breathing;
- discharge from the eyes and nose;
- cramps, then paralysis and death.
It is diagnosed on an outpatient basis on the basis of examination, laboratory tests (histology, bacterial seeding, microscopy), autopsy.
So that your pets are not sick, you need:
- Give only quality food and make sure the diet is balanced.
- Ensure proper conditions (ventilation, regular disinfection, extermination of rodents and insects, do not keep animals crowded).
- Carry out timely deworming and vaccination.
- Take measures to prevent injuries in decorative eared animals (remove dangerous objects, monitor children and dogs).
The ailments described above are dangerous for the rabbit’s life and are difficult to treat. In order not to worry about the life of the animal, it is easier to carry out all preventive measures to prevent diseases.