Rabbits, like any living organism, are susceptible to various external stimuli: viruses, infections. In this article we will consider the most common diseases of ornamental rabbits. We will consider in detail what symptoms indicate a particular disease, as well as what measures to take to treat the animal.
Any disease can be successfully cured, if at an early stage to notice its symptoms and immediately respond. Of course, it is better not to encounter diseases at all, but sometimes even with the most caring owner, pets can catch an infection or damage a paw. Therefore, it is important to know what diseases decorative rabbits are susceptible to and how to prevent them.
Infection of rabbits with an infection is very dangerous, because there is a high risk of infection of other relatives and even their owners. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms. If infection is detected, it is necessary to isolate the sick rabbit from other animals.
One of the most dangerous diseases. It is caused by the myxoma virus, which is very resistant to chemical attack. It appears a few days after infection, quickly develops in the body and often leads to death. Carriers of a dangerous virus can be not only rabbits, but also their owners, as well as insects: mosquitoes, ticks and fleas. No cure for this virus has been found.
- The appearance of puffiness on the head, muzzle and trunk;
- Swelling of the eyelids;
- Purulent discharge from the nose;
- In advanced stages, nodules appear at the site of the tumors;
- High body temperature (up to 42 degrees);
- General weakness and impaired state of the animal.
- Healthy individuals at the age of 1 month are vaccinated against myxomatosis;
- Sick individuals are immediately quarantined;
- Thorough daily disinfection;
- In the summer, you need to provide protection from insect bites.
The causative agents of this infection are in the nasal cavity of all rollers. In a calm state, they are harmless. If wounds appear on the mucous membrane, then the microbes enter the body of the animal. So a sick rabbit becomes a peddler of infection.
- The animal breathes heavily and constantly rubs its nose with its paw;
- The mucous membrane of the nose turned red and inflamed;
- Purulent discharge from the nose appeared;
- In the acute form of the disease, the temperature rises and the appetite disappears.
- Within 2 weeks, bury the nose with one percent Furacilin;
- You can use Penicillin diluted with saline in a ratio of 1: 2;
- Mandatory disinfection of cells with formaldehyde.
Inflammation of the lungs (or pneumonia) can be caused by sudden changes in temperature or hypothermia. This disease can be the result of a long course of bronchitis or myxomatosis. To avoid such a serious ailment, you should protect the rabbits, monitor the temperature and the absence of drafts in their room.
- The rabbit has shortness of breath;
- Wheezing is heard when breathing;
- The appearance of discharge from the nose;
- Body temperature. 40-41 degrees;
- Decreased activity.
- Veterinarian prescribes antibiotics;
- To lower the temperature, rabbits are given antipyretic drugs;
- Often give drugs that support the immune system;
- The animals are kept warm, provide plentiful drink and frequent meals.
Another name for this ailment is hemorrhagic septicemia. The causative agent of the disease is micron pasteurella. A rabbit can become infected from its relatives, other animals, and even from people. If the immunity in rabbits is weakened by another disease, then their susceptibility to infection increases.
The danger of this infection is that the affected animal dies in a couple of days. But if you managed to identify the ailment in the first stage, then the veterinarian will prescribe an enhanced treatment.
- A sharp increase in temperature;
- The formation of purulent wounds throughout the body;
- Loss of appetite.
- The antibiotic Terramycin is administered once;
- After 20 hours, a two percent solution of Biomycin is injected, and after a while, another injection with Biomycin is given;
- Complete disinfection of the cells and the living room will completely get rid of the infection.
In common people, this disease is called the "wet muzzle effect." Most often, the infection affects young rabbits, under the age of three months. If they are not cured in time, then the animals may die. But with timely intervention, recovery occurs within two weeks.
- A white coating is visible in the rabbit’s tongue, which after a while turns into sores;
- Salivation increases;
- The rabbit cannot eat normally, becomes irritated and restless;
- The hair on the lower jaw is wet all the time, falls out over time;
- The skin on the jaw becomes inflamed.
- Two percent copper sulfate is dissolved in water and this solution is irrigated in the oral cavity twice a day;
- Every 10 hours, half the Streptocide tablet, previously ground into powder, is poured into the mouth of a rabbit;
- The food of the animal during the treatment period should be gentle, but fortified.
A speck of dust or a particle of dust, falling into the eye of a rabbit, can introduce an infection there. As a result, the visual organ becomes inflamed and causes the animal discomfort. Also, inflammation of the eyes can occur due to drafts, mechanical damage to the eyes, scratches, or cigarette smoke. Conjunctivitis is accompanied by some external infections, for example, myxomatosis.
- The mucous membrane of the eye becomes inflamed and reddens;
- A thorn appears on the cornea;
- Tears or pus are released from the eyes.
- In the treatment of this disease, eye drops with an antibiotic are used, as well as ointments;
- The eye sockets are washed with a weak solution of boric acid;
- Powdered sugar and calomel powder are mixed in equal proportions, ulcers and thorn on the cornea are treated with this mixture.
This disease is caused by a parasitic fungus that feeds on the nutrients of the skin and coat. The patient deprived of the rabbit needs to be isolated from other animals and children, as during physical contact, he can infect them.
- The rabbit constantly itches, experiencing intolerable itching;
- The animal becomes restless and irritable;
- Round bald spots form on the body;
- Sores appear on the skin.
- The first thing to do is cut off the hair around the affected areas;
- Affected areas are treated with an antibiotic in the form of an ointment;
- So that the rabbit does not comb the sore spots, they are treated with a special anti-itch remedy, for example, Fenistil;
- A good effect is obtained by treatment with iodine and salicylic acid solution;
- For prevention, rabbits are given vaccines against dermatomycosis.
If a rabbit has corns or wounds on its legs, then it needs to be treated. The cause of pododermatitis may be an improper litter on the floor where the animal is moving. The trellised bottom of the cage, stone tiles and hard flooring injure the delicate skin of the legs. Lack of proper sanitation can also lead to illness.
- Wounds and abrasions on the soles;
- Dry flaky skin, corns;
- Loss of wool on the foot;
- The rabbit nibbles the sole or limps;
- The appearance of pus is a sign of a neglected condition.
- It is necessary to treat the wound with a disinfectant or emollient;
- Can be washed with tincture of calendula;
- Apply a bandage and bandage;
- Change the flooring, keep the cage clean;
- Purulent wounds should be treated with hydrogen peroxide and an antibiotic.
Recognizing scabies is not difficult: the rabbit intensively combes the skin, sometimes even nibbles it. The cause of scabies is parasites: scabies mites and fleas.
- Constant itching causes the rabbit to comb the affected area;
- The animal becomes restless, loses its appetite;
- Redness is noticeable on the skin;
- Crusts and pus appear.
- Affected areas are treated with flea preparations;
- Effectively rubbing a 60% Hyposulfite solution;
- The tick can be removed by lubricating the affected area with a mixture of vegetable oil and turpentine;
- The animal must be isolated during treatment.
This disease can be asymptomatic for several months. During this time, helminths settle on the walls of the small intestine and secrete poisons, adversely affecting the physical development of rabbits and their nervous system.
- Slow development;
- Loss of appetite, emaciation;
- Parasites can be found in the litter.
- Gamavit is administered subcutaneously for 8 days;
- Albendazole in the form of a suspension. 3 days in the morning and evening;
- The cage and tray must be disinfected.
Malnutrition, overweight and intestinal infections can cause an unpleasant problem in rabbits, like flatulence. In addition to treatment, you need to revise the pet’s diet, eliminate harmful products, and monitor the general condition of the rabbit.
- Loss of appetite or complete refusal of food;
- Rapid breathing;
- Bloating is palpable.
- With a slight bloating, prescribe Dimethicone;
- Rabbits are shown a light massage of the abdomen;
- If necessary, give an anesthetic;
- To restore the intestinal microflora give prebiotics and vitamins.
Gastrointestinal stasis (constipation)
If the rabbit does not regularly visit the toilet, this is cause for concern. Stagnation of feces not only causes pain in the rabbit, but can also cause intoxication of the body. The cause of constipation may be malnutrition, swallowed coat, or stress.
- The rabbit does not defecate for more than 12 hours;
- The animal is anxious.
- First of all, the rabbit should receive a balanced diet;
- Drink it as often as possible;
- The animal needs to be allowed to move more and provide access to fresh air;
- In severe cases, the veterinarian prescribes a medicine that promotes bowel function, for example, Cerucal
In conclusion, I would like to note that many diseases of decorative rabbits can be prevented if you adhere to the rules of hygiene and conscientiously care for your pet. Provide him with a clean comfortable home, clean the toilet daily, feed the rabbit a healthy and balanced food. In summer, carefully check the coat and skin for parasites. Visit your veterinarian regularly, and then your pet will not be familiar with the disease.