Rabbit health

Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

August 2, 2019

Breeding rabbits is a profitable activity, but animals need careful care. The reason is susceptibility to various diseases, and some of them are dangerous to humans.

Therefore, the rabbit breeder should be aware of rabbit diseases and preventive measures to prevent them.

Differences between a sick rabbit and a healthy rabbit: signs of an unhealthy animal

Description of a healthy individual:

  • lack of appetite problems;
  • lack of discharge from the ears and nose;
  • feces of a dark color of a round shape (similarity to peas);
  • dark shade of urine (may vary depending on the feed);
  • smooth coat;
  • manifestation of activity.

Signs of a sick animal:

  • lethargic behavior, constant sitting without movement;
  • hard breath;
  • hair loss in large quantities;
  • the presence of wounds on the skin;
  • purulent discharge from the ears and nose;
  • bloated abdomen (a symptom occurs with a violation of the intestines).

Types of rabbit diseases, main signs and treatment options

Types of diseases are presented in the table:

Coccidiosis

This disease is an invasive type. The localization of the pathogen is the intestinal mucosa, liver ducts.

External signs of an individual:

  • an increase in the abdomen;
  • diarrhea;
  • possible cramps;
  • emaciated state.

Young individuals are prone to the disease, the disease is transmitted from one rabbit to another.

Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Coccidiosis

Reasons for development:

  • irregular cleaning;
  • lack of space;
  • drafts;
  • keeping adults with rabbits;
  • the use of bran made from wheat;
  • deficiency of vitamins and minerals;
  • excess protein (decay creates ideal conditions for the reproduction of the parasite);
  • a sharp transition to a new diet.

Coccidiosis treatment options:

  1. Iodine. You need 2 ml of iodine per 1 liter of water. The resulting solution is added to the drinkers of rabbits. The method does not require high cash costs.
  2. Sulfonamides. Drugs provide a good result. A significant drawback is the development of immunity in the pathogen over time.

Cysticercosis

Pathogen. tapeworm (pork tapeworm larva). Localization places: internal organs, bones, organs of the central nervous system.

Ways to get into the body:

The following changes occur in the animal’s body: parasites enter the liver through the walls of the stomach, and into the lungs and heart through the bloodstream.

Read more:  Diseases of the feet in rabbits, causes, prevention and treatment principles

Symptoms

  • pain in the abdomen and liver when pressed (main symptom);
  • alarmed behavior;
  • lack of appetite;
  • intense thirst;
  • mucous membranes have a pale shade;
  • sedentary lifestyle.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Cysticercosis

The necessary treatment:

  1. Group deworming. The drug Mebendazole. The course of treatment is 3-5 days (with an interval of 2 days). The medicine is given with a portion of the feed (25 mg per 1 kg of weight).
  2. The drug Panacur (calculated as 7.5 mg per 1 kg of weight). The time of admission varies from 3 to 5 days.

Pasteurellosis

Pathogen. pathogen. The method of entry into the body is through food, drink, contact with other individuals. Another method of infection is airborne.

Symptoms

  • bloating;
  • rapid breathing, wheezing is possible;
  • decreased appetite;
  • lethargic and indifferent state;
  • a significant increase in body temperature;
  • mucous discharge from the eyes and nose.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Pasteurellosis

After the death of the first individual, it is necessary to take the body of the animal to the veterinary laboratory for an accurate diagnosis.

Pasteurellosis treatment:

  1. The use of sulfonamides (tablets). The course is 3-4 days. The dose for adults is 0.3 g, for young ones, 0.1-0.2 g.
  2. Intramuscular injection (tetracycline). The treatment lasts 3-4 days (2 injections per day).

Myxomatosis

Myxomatosis is an infectious disease. Pathogens are viruses of various strains.

Carriers in nature:

Signs:

  • the appearance of discharge from the eyes;
  • swelling in the nose and ear;
  • loss of coat;
  • apathetic state;
  • inflammation of the external genitalia.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Myxomatosis

The result of the disease is fatal. The course of the disease is very fast.

Animals that have become infected must be disposed of; their meat is unsuitable for consumption.

Fascioliasis

The causative agent of the disease is a pond (small clam).

Main symptoms:

  • cardiopalmus;
  • fever;
  • the presence of edema in the eyelids;
  • the mucous membrane of the eyes is yellowish;
  • deterioration of the coat.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Fascioliasis

Read more:  How to find out that a rabbit is sick

To prevent the disease, it is better not to use grass from natural water bodies.

The required treatment is the introduction of carbon tetrachloride (1-2 ml). A necessary tool is a probe.

Listeriosis

Refers to infectious diseases, can affect many organs. The causative agent is a polymorphic bacillus of Listeria.

Methods of infection:

  • from female to fetus (across the placenta);
  • while taking food;
  • airborne droplets.

Main symptoms:

  • decreased appetite;
  • fever;
  • paralysis of the limbs;
  • disturbances in the digestive tract;
  • the pet throws its head back.
  • spontaneous abortion.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Listeriosis

There is no cure for the disease. Infected individuals must be destroyed by incineration. The event helps prevent the spread of the disease among other animals.

Tularemia

It is an infectious disease. The causative agent is the bacterium Francisella tularensis.

Ways of infection:

  • through water and food;
  • bites of blood-sucking insects;
  • airborne droplets.

First, bacteria enter the bloodstream, the next stage is the defeat of the lungs and various tissues.

Main symptoms:

  • increase in body temperature;
  • secretion of fluid from the nose;
  • rapid weight loss;
  • lymph node density, the next stage is spontaneous opening;
  • the appearance of seizures.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Tularemia

They treat animals with antibiotics (tetracycline or chloramphenicol). Medicines have a positive effect in the early stages.

Infectious rhinitis

The causes of rhinitis:

  • injuries of the nasal mucosa;
  • allergic reactions;
  • transferred cold.

Symptoms

  • an increase in the nose (in severe cases, swelling of the mucous membrane is possible);
  • the color of the discharge from the nose is light green;
  • hard breath;
  • loss of appetite.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Infectious rhinitis

Treatment:

  1. The use of inhalation.
  2. Antibiotics. You can eat rabbit meat after the drug is excreted (after 1 month).
  3. The use of immunomodulators. Drugs are administered intramuscularly. The disadvantage is the high cost.

Trichophytosis. ringworm and ticks

Virus spores are causative agents of ringworm.

Read more:  Rabbit got sick - how to find out

Symptoms of infection:

  • the appearance of spots of a small reddish tint (1-2 cm);
  • severe itching;
  • breaking off the coat.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Trichophytosis. ringworm and ticks

Treatment:

  1. Microderm vaccine. A side effect is drowsiness.
  2. Antibiotic Griseofulvin (with food). Take 20 mg per 1 kg of weight.
  3. Special shampoos. They have an antifungal effect.

An ear mite in a rabbit causes psoroptosis.

Symptoms

  • the animal constantly scratches the ears;
  • crusting at the site of the bite;
  • the appearance of brown lumps of sulfur in the ear.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Psoroptosis

The necessary treatment:

  1. The use of acaricidal drugs.
  2. The use of antibiotics (in the presence of purulent lesions of the skin).
  3. Anti-inflammatory drugs (to reduce itching).

Pneumonia

Symptoms of the disease:

  • the occurrence of shortness of breath;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • the appearance of cough;
  • discharge from the nose;
  • a sharp decrease in appetite;
  • difficulty swallowing food.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Pneumonia

Treatment Required:

  1. Take the animal to a warm room.
  2. Provide proper nutrition and mandatory intake of vitamins.
  3. Instill an nose with an antiseptic solution.
  4. Use antibiotics and drugs to lower the temperature.

Gastrointestinal poisoning and disease

Signs:

  • fluid bowel movements;
  • flatulence;
  • decreased appetite;
  • apathetic state.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Gastrointestinal poisoning and disease

The necessary treatment:

  1. The introduction of antibiotics for 5 days (20 mg per 1 kg of body weight).
  2. Syntomycin for diarrhea.
  3. The inclusion of easily digestible feed in the diet.

Fleas

Signs:

  • constant itching in the spine (animals itch);
  • too active animal behavior.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Fleas

Treatment:

  1. Bathing an animal (an insecticidal shampoo is used).
  2. Disinfection of the cell.
  3. Use of drops against fleas (Frontline, Advantage or others).

Worms

The method of infection is contact with dogs, cats, chickens. Most often, animals that are kept in unsanitary conditions become infected.

Symptoms

  • heavy drinking;
  • frequent urination;
  • the appearance of mucus in the feces;
  • weight loss;
  • heavy hair loss.
Common diseases in rabbits and how to treat them, photos, first symptoms, causes and prevention

Worms

Treatment:

  1. The use of anthelmintic drugs (Albendazole, suspension Shustrik, Levamisole 10%).
  2. The use of folk remedies (pumpkin seeds, wormwood, needles).

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