Rabbit health

Common Rabbit Ear Diseases

August 23, 2019

Ear disease in rabbits occurs quite often. Breeders encounter rabbits with ear problems that begin immediately after acquisition. It is not always possible to find out that the animal has problems with the ears and these rabbits are planted to the rest. If the rabbit has sores in the ears that are transmitted by airborne droplets, then all other individuals in this cage can catch the disease.

Common Rabbit Ear Diseases

Rabbit Ear Disease

To prevent ear diseases from spreading within the group, it is recommended that each acquired pet be quarantined. Observe the rabbit for 30 days. If nothing has changed in his behavior and the pet is actively eating and playing, then it can be kept together with other individuals.

Ear diseases in rabbits are a rather serious problem, and if treatment is not started in time, the rabbit may become bald or become covered with scabies from scabies. The health of the pet is very much worse. If the rabbit suffers from some kind of disease, then from this he does not have the desire to reproduce. The main symptom of an ear disease is combing the ears with the back paw. In case of any suspicion of this disease of the ears, for the benefit of the rabbit, it must be shown to the veterinarian.


Myxomatosis is a viral disease that can lead to the death of an animal. If cones appeared on the rabbit’s ears, it can be said with great certainty that this is myxomatosis. Cones can be huge. Myxomatosis in pets is exposed in the warm season. Myxomatosis virus is stable, mosquitoes can carry it. Myxomatosis is mainly affected by females. Cubs can become infected by a rabbit. The disease progresses rapidly and if left untreated, it spreads to the head and legs. Myxomatosis can cause conjunctivitis.

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If you start treatment on time, then after 2 weeks, the bumps will begin to dissolve. After recovery within a month, the cones will completely disappear. After recovery, the pet remains the carrier of the disease. Myxomatosis treatment is a vaccine. For this, veterinarians recommend vaccinating pets on the 45th day after birth. 90 days after the first vaccination, you should put another one to strengthen the immune system.

When infected, myxomatosis should be treated with antibiotics and immunomodulators. If the rabbit combed the wounds and blood came out on them, then the faster you treat them, the better. In the worst case, an additional infection can get into the wounds. To treat wounds, iodine must be used. Myxomatosis greatly weakens the protective properties of the immune system and after a disease, pets need to be kept in quarantine for 100 days.


Otherwise, psoroptosis is called an ear tick. Psoroptosis is considered a common disease among rabbit ear diseases. An ear mite is transmitted through infected individuals. In rare cases, the disease attacks due to dirty cells, feeders and equipment. Basically, the disease progresses in the winter season. The rabbit’s ears begin to itch because a yellow tick creates wounds. A parasite insect attacks the ear canal. You can only see insects with a magnifying glass or consult a specialist. You can see in detail what the ear tick looks like in the photo.

  • at the initial stage of the disease, bumps with liquid form in the rabbit’s ears
  • in the middle stage of the disease, some individuals begin to shake their heads and rub against the cell
  • in the final phase, sulfur accumulates in the ears and scabs form
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In advanced cases, psoroptosis can cause disturbances in the brain and nervous system. In some cases, for some reason, all of the listed symptoms are absent and only a specialist can detect the problem by taking a scraping for analysis. After the results of the analysis, the veterinarian will tell you in detail how to treat your pet.

If you are sure that your rabbit has psoroptosis, then treat the ears with turpentine. Vegetable oil and turpentine are mixed in a ratio of 1: 1. The resulting mixture must be filled into a syringe and lubricate the abscesses in the ears. Turpentine perfectly destroys ticks, and oil softens scabies.

Please note, as a preventive measure against psoroptosis, it is recommended to carry out timely disinfection of equipment and observe quarantine with new arrivals.

Purulent otitis media

Purulent otitis media is dangerous in that it can turn into a chronic form. If the disease is not treated, then the disease spreads to the brain and can lead to the death of the animal. Purulent otitis media can occur with hypothermia, low immunity or various injuries.

You can recognize the disease by the following symptoms:

  • the rabbit’s ears are festering
  • pet tilts its head
  • loss of appetite

In many ways, the symptoms are similar to psoroptosis. In this case, a full-time examination by a veterinarian is necessary, because these diseases are treated differently. Self-treatment and taking unnecessary medications can harm the rabbit. With purulent otitis media, the veterinarian prescribes drops and ointments that relieve itching.

Temperature-related ailments

Rabbits are often sick due to exposure to low or high temperatures. Pets with their rabbit ears absorb many diseases. During the rounds, if the cell is cold, then the future offspring may freeze. A pregnant female should be kept in an insulated cage.

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If during a pet examination, you find that they have a swelling behind their ears, the ears themselves are cold and the rabbit reacts sharply to touch, then he has an initial stage of frostbite. To warm the animal, you need to wrap your ears and place behind the ears with snow or a soft cloth. The pet needs to be transferred to a warmer room. The field of how the rabbit warmed itself, behind the ears should be lubricated with petroleum jelly. If the rabbit has been in cold air for a long time, then he has a second stage of frostbite. Bubbles with fluid accumulate in the ears, then they burst leaving red ulcers. If successful, the treatment is to open the bladder and lubricate the sore with iodine. In the third stage of frostbite, the skin behind the ears curls and falls off. The skin must be removed and the pets given warm straw.

There are ailments associated with fever in the room. The optimum temperature in the room where rabbits are kept is 20-24 degrees. If your ears become hot and the pet becomes sluggish and tired from the heat, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

In order to further make rabbits rearing comfortable, pets need to be regularly examined, taken to the veterinarian, and vaccinated. Try to feed the animals fully and keep the cages clean.

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