When deciding to get a rabbit at home, you need to know that this is a very painful animal that requires careful care and proper feeding. In a rabbit, a phenomenon such as chronic or systematic constipation is often observed, which can cause serious complications and even death. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify the problem in time and seek help from a qualified veterinarian.
- 1 Causes and Symptoms of Constipation
- 2 First aid for rabbit with constipation
- 3 Visit to the veterinarian
- 4 Treatment
- 5 Prevention or how to avoid a problem
Causes and Symptoms of Constipation
There are two main categories of causes for the lack of bowel movement in a decorative rabbit: infectious and non-infectious. The first category is due to the ingestion of the animal pathogenic bacteria Clostridium spp. (Clostridium spp), which produce dangerous toxic substances, provoke gas formation and disrupt intestinal motility.
Important. Clostridia multiply quickly enough and, causing intoxication of the body, disrupt the activity of the liver. In this situation, the animals are tormented by severe pain and die as soon as possible.
Non-infectious factors include:
- the ingestion of a foreign body into the intestine, for example rabbit hair, which together with saliva forms an indigestible lump and leads to intestinal motility dysfunction;
- a sharp change in feed;
- improper diet, including foods that cause fermentation and gas congestion;
- non-compliance with feeding and drinking;
- fiber deficiency in food;
- violation of the temperature regime in the room;
- severe stress (moving, loud noise, etc.);
- diseases of rabbits and pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
An incorrect diet is a common cause of constipation in rabbits.
In some cases, pet owners find that their pet has no stool, but it’s too late to treat it. At home, it is not easy at all to follow the state of your rabbit and identify the primary symptoms of the disease, which will help to recognize the disease in a timely manner. For this, the owner needs to monitor the animal constantly, because only in this way will he be able to notice any deviations in his behavior.
Symptoms of constipation may be different, based on the causes of the disease. With constipation of an infectious nature observed:
- lack of appetite;
- the appearance of mucus in the feces;
- alternating constipation with diarrhea in a rabbit;
- hard and dry feces;
- apathetic or nervous behavior.
One of the symptoms of constipation is rabbit lethargy.
If such signs appear, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic, since it is almost impossible to cope with an ailment without drugs.
Constipation of a non-infectious nature is not so dangerous, but it is very difficult to identify a similar problem in the early stages. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the animals do not experience noticeable discomfort during the bowel movement, and their appetite remains. As a rule, after 10-12 hours, appetite decreases sharply, and behavior becomes restless.
Further, the pathology is rapidly gaining momentum, and the health condition instantly worsens. During this period, the rabbit becomes lethargic, its back is hunched over, and in the stomach it constantly rages. In addition, the pet experiences pain, accompanied by grinding of teeth and bulging eyes.
First Aid Rabbit for Constipation
At the first symptoms, it is necessary to give the rabbit a decoction of medicinal herbs.
Therapy of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract should be carried out in a veterinary clinic under the supervision of a doctor, since self-medication can lead to disastrous results. However, in the early stages of constipation, you can give your pet first aid by taking the following measures:
- provide the rabbit free access to clean water and hay;
- carry out a light massage of the abdomen;
- allow the animal to run for at least an hour, because the movement activates intestinal motility.
To restore the intestinal microflora and fill it with useful bacteria, it is recommended to solder the animal from the syringe with a warm decoction of chamomile with tansy, as well as lactic acid and powdered bifidobacteria based on the weight of the rabbit.
Attention. In no case should rabbits be given laxatives. To soften feces and its easy discharge, it is necessary to give the pet a small amount of liquid paraffin. about 5 ml. This product is not absorbed into the intestinal wall and is absolutely safe for the animal.
An increase in symptoms is a signal of the need to immediately contact a veterinarian.
With prolonged and infectious constipation, the rabbit should be shown to a specialist. In the absence of relief and preservation of signs of intestinal dysfunction after 8-10 hours, you should also trust the veterinarian.
Visit to the veterinarian
There are times when there are only a few hours to save the life of your animal. There is no need to bring the situation to such a point. you should promptly seek help from a veterinarian who will tell you what to do in case of constipation.
Obviously, at the appointment, the doctor listens to the sounds of peristalsis, palpates the abdominal region, and in some cases, an x-ray may be needed. The image will open a review of the intestines and show the veterinarian if there is obstruction (obstruction) and where it is located.
In severe cases, the rabbit is given antibiotic injections.
In veterinary practice in the treatment of constipation used:
- no shpu
- espumisan and other drugs.
- In severe cases, the pet is injected with a no-shpa solution, 20 ml of saline are injected once a day.
- With constipation of an infectious nature, the necessary condition for successful treatment is injections of tetracycline antibiotics.
It is not worth using such products at home, since only a doctor can choose a dosage for a miniature rabbit. Most drugs used by humans are not suitable for treating rabbits. For example, penicillin-based drugs disrupt the motility of the rabbit’s internal organs, which is incompatible with life.
Surgical treatment of constipation in rabbits in most cases leads to the death of the animal.
The most extreme measure for the ineffectiveness of drug treatment is gastrotomy. a surgical operation on the gastrointestinal tract to remove obstruction. Rabbits undergoing this procedure have a very low survival rate. Those individuals who still managed to survive the operation, in most cases die after a few days from complications, such as peritonitis.
Prevention or how to avoid a problem
How to avoid the problem of constipation, so that in the future not to treat the pet and not expose it to unpleasant procedures? The best preventive measure to prevent intestinal disorders is considered to be proper nutrition of decorative rabbits or their larger relatives.
Eating well is the best way to prevent constipation in rabbits.
In the daily menu of the animal must be present:
- fresh grass hay;
- high fiber green granules;
- fresh herbs and tops;
- clean drinking water in the public domain.
Do not forget that the cause of the disease can serve as a sedentary lifestyle. Even with a spacious cage to move, it is necessary to provide the animal with daily long walks.
And another important factor in the health of a pet is a regular visit to the veterinarian. Indeed, many diseases are asymptomatic and only a specialist is able to recognize them in time.
The video talks about the causes, consequences and treatment of constipation in rabbits: