Rabbit health

Diarrhea in rabbits – causes and treatment

August 27, 2019

The reasons

Food poisoning is one of the most common reasons why rabbits have diarrhea. Food poisoning is manifested by the release of liquid feces, which has a strong unpleasant odor. Fresh food, rotten hay, spoiled silage. lead to diarrhea. To avoid poisoning, it is necessary to give rabbits only high-quality and fresh food. Hay should be stored in a dry, well-ventilated place, it is also important to properly prepare it. Before feeding, check the quality of the food you give the animals.

The lack of solid food in the long-eared diet is also the reason why rabbits have diarrhea. Diarrhea can also be a transition from winter to spring. If the stool is soft, but not liquid, then we are dealing with a slight indigestion. In this case, it is enough to keep the animal for several days in water and hay. To avoid similar problems in the future, we introduce all new feeds into the eared rations gradually. Early vegetables should not be given to animals; they can also be one of the reasons why rabbits have diarrhea.

Diarrhea in rabbits - causes and treatment

Another factor why rabbits have diarrhea can be poor conditions. Diarrhea is a symptom of various diseases, such as colds, infections, etc. The immunity of animals is reduced if they are kept in adverse conditions. The litter must be dry, and the cell must be kept clean. The air in the room where your pets are kept should be clean, and a ventilation system should be provided in the sheds. High humidity and drafts also harm the eared. The optimum temperature in rabbitry is 14-20 ° C with a humidity of not more than 70%.

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One of the most dangerous diseases that explain why rabbits have diarrhea is coccidiosis. If you find mucus or blood in the animal’s feces and the animal is inactive, loses its appetite and shows signs of apathy, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. All of the above symptoms may indicate coccidiosis. Other characteristic manifestations of this dangerous disease are bloating, cramps and paralysis. The cause of this disease is the simplest bacteria of the genus Eimeria, the oocysts of which spread with the feces of infected animals.

Diarrhea in rabbits - causes and treatment

In determining this disease, careful sanitization of the cell in which the infected rabbits lived was necessary. Drinking bowls and feeders should also be disinfected (scald with boiling water or boil for several minutes in water). Cleaning in the cells of sick animals must be done twice a day, and the litter needs to be burned. This disease is usually affected by rabbits at the age of 3-4 months. Young growth is susceptible to coccidiosis because they have weak immunity, which is unable to resist bacteria. If the disease is not treated, the rabbits die in 8-10 days.

Rabbit milk is very important for strengthening the gastrointestinal tract of babies. Due to a shortage of it in mom during lactation, diarrhea can also occur in rabbits. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the proper nutrition of the rabbit during this important period for her offspring. Rabbits may also have diarrhea caused by stress when they are weaned. During the period when you accustom young growth to normal food, they can also vilify.

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Diarrhea in rabbits - causes and treatment

Diseases that lead to loss of appetite can cause rabbits to have diarrhea. For example, problems with teeth or the appearance of worms. Antibiotics also cause rabbit diarrhea. Remember that most often diarrhea is a symptom of a disease. And in order to diagnose it, you need to observe the general condition of the animal, and also consult a veterinarian.

How to treat?

With the question “Why did the rabbits have diarrhea” sorted out, we proceed to treatment. If the animal is vomiting due to a disease, the veterinarian will prescribe appropriate medications for its treatment. Farmers should also remember that intestinal problems can lead to dehydration. Therefore, it is necessary to give eared weak chamomile tea. If the animal refuses to drink it on its own, you need to infuse it with a syringe. The use of electrolytes, which intensively fill the body with fluids, gives very good results in the fight against diarrhea. There are many drugs that contain electrolytes in addition to vitamins and probiotics. They will help restore the balance of intestinal flora.

Diarrhea in rabbits - causes and treatment

If you find that your pets have diarrhea, it is recommended to give plants with a high fiber content. Animals must eat large amounts of hay and water. If your pets do not have an appetite, you can offer them small doses of fresh food, grated carrots and apples.

If diarrhea does not go away for a long time and is a reaction to antibiotics, and the intestinal contents are full of large amounts of gas, it is recommended to add a small amount (3-5 g) of activated charcoal to the eared food. Also in this case, you can give glauber’s salt (1-5 g) or castor oil. If you have diarrhea, you need to transfer your pet to a diet that contains dry food: hay, grain (especially oats) and dry bread.

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Further prophylaxis

As you can see, there are a lot of reasons why the rabbit has diarrhea, but the methods of prevention are quite simple and known to every experienced rabbit breeder. To prevent indigestion, minimizing stress is necessary, and you also need to provide your pets with good conditions and quality food. Maintain hygiene in the cells, monitor the temperature and moisture in the room where eared animals are kept.

Diarrhea in rabbits - causes and treatment

Most often, intestinal problems occur in rabbits. In order to improve the bacterial flora of the stomach, it is necessary to give Biomycin to babies. Fiber-rich plants also have a prophylactic effect on this problem.

Due to the fact that many breeders ignore intestinal problems in animals and do not attach much importance to the causes of diarrhea, eared animals often die. Such losses bring a big loss to the au pair. Take care of your pets and carefully monitor their health.

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