Dwarf rabbits are one of the most vulnerable pets, and the owners are responsible for their health. Since decorative rabbits were bred specifically for home keeping, their connection with wild ancestors is very weak and they are completely dependent on humans. Therefore, it is extremely important to promptly recognize the pet’s malaise and provide him with the necessary assistance in time. And for this, it is necessary to study the symptoms of the most common diseases in decorative rabbits. With thermal shock, poisoning, shock, frostbite, you must be able to provide your pet with first aid.
How to determine if a rabbit is sick
The outward signs of the disease in rabbits are easy to determine at a glance. If the rabbit’s hair has faded, mucous matter accumulates in the corners of the eyes, flows from the wet nose, and the rabbit itself is sluggish and inactive, does not find a place for itself. it means he is sick. Signs of the disease are excessive anxiety of an eared pet, lack of interest in food and in the hands of the owners. The rabbit does not allow to feel the legs, tummy and other parts of the body. A number of diseases, such as small colds, minor injuries, and stomach diseases, can be dealt with at home. However, there are quite serious diseases in which it is very important not to hesitate with treatment (myxomatosis, viral hemorrhagic disease, tuberculosis and others).
Sun and heat stroke
When a rabbit is exposed to sun or heat, rapid surface respiration, refusal to feed, lethargy, and hyperemia of the mucous membranes are observed. The rabbit extends, lies motionless, falls on its side or lies on its stomach. Sunstroke is the result of exposure to direct sunlight in heat, and heatstroke is caused by overheating of the body on hot days while in stuffy rooms. When a rabbit is hit, it is necessary to immediately transfer it to a shaded cool place, apply a cold compress to his head, which is changed every 4 to 5 minutes. And, of course, you don’t need to put the cage with the rabbit in a sunny place or near the battery.
The cause of conjunctivitis can be the penetration of microbes, sand, dust and other objects into the rabbit’s eyes, as well as injuries and bruises of the eyelids. Conjunctivitis is of two types: purulent and catarrhal. With conjunctivitis, the skin of the eyelids and cheeks of the rabbit becomes inflamed due to constant irritation from the secretions, the hair falls out on it, the mucous membrane of the eyelids is swollen and hyperemic, pus is released from the eyes of the animal. In case of catarrhal conjunctivitis, it is recommended to rinse the eyes every day with a warm 2% solution of boric acid, after which zinc drops (2. 3 drops) are instilled into the eyes. In case of purulent conjunctivitis, after daily washing with a solution of boric acid, 2. 3% boric or iodoform ointment is carefully laid under the eyelids. During treatment, the cage is darkened so as not to irritate the rabbit’s eyes with light.
When such diseases appear, the main thing is to find out the cause of their occurrence, check the quality of the feed, exclude all poor-quality feed. Treatment depends on the nature of the disease. If the rabbit has diarrhea, then he is given 1–2 times daily disulfan or synthomycin inside, 1–2 teaspoons of decoction of oak bark or 1% solution of tannin, and also juicy foods are temporarily excluded from the rabbit’s diet. In case of constipation, 1 to 1.5 teaspoons of castor oil is given to the rabbit inside, and the tummy is rubbed with a 3. 5% solution of sodium chloride or a volatile liment and an enema is used from slightly soapy warm water. The rabbit can only be fed 8 to 12 hours after it relaxes. After recovering from gastrointestinal diseases, rabbits are gradually transferred to normal feeding (usually this process takes 5-6 days).
Subdermatitis (corns and wounds on the paws)
The main reason for the occurrence of pododermatitis is the improper maintenance of the rabbit, as a rule, this is improper flooring or insufficient hygiene (or even its absence). The rabbit’s tender legs are adversely affected by the caged floor, stone floors, hard carpets, or too hard bedding. If pododermatitis occurs, the rabbit needs to put a bandage on its paws, previously treating them with medicine and then keep the affected areas on the paws in constant cleanliness. If pus appeared in the wound, you need to very carefully clean it and disinfect the affected area. An excellent disinfectant is 3% hydrogen peroxide. With periodic suppuration, the wound is washed every day with lukewarm water and disinfected. If an antibiotic is needed, Baytril is a good fit. If the wounds bleed, it is recommended to sprinkle them with Dermatol powder, which has a drying and disinfecting effect. And, of course, you definitely need to show the rabbit to the doctor to agree on the method of treatment.