Rabbit health

Diseases of rabbits and their prevention

August 3, 2019

Rabbit Disease: Growing rabbits. To protect rabbits from various diseases and ensure their high productivity, it is necessary, first of all, to strictly observe the veterinary and sanitary rules, which provide for the proper organization of veterinary and zootechnical services for animals.
However, it is not always possible to avoid rabbit diseases, they can be contagious and non-contagious, and you can learn about them from this article.

Rabbit farms are placed at a distance of 500 m from the settlements that make up the sanitary protection zone; the distance between the farms and other livestock buildings must be at least 300 m. The territory of the farm must be enclosed by a solid fence with a height of at least 1.5 m.

During the construction of rabbit farms provide two zones. In the production area there are premises for keeping adult rabbits and young animals, a veterinary station, a workshop for slaughtering and primary processing of skins and quarantine; in the economic zone. a feed mill, a vegetable store, silos, racks for hay and grass, etc.
Entrance to the farm, as well as exit from it is allowed only through the veterinary inspection.

Diseases of rabbits and their prevention

Unauthorized persons or vehicles are allowed on the farm only in exceptional cases with the permission of the farm manager and veterinarian. In front of the farm entrance there must be dezkovriki for maintenance personnel and desbarriers for vehicles. They are filled with solutions of bleach, 5% creolin or 3% formalin or caustic alkali.

The animals are served in special clothes and shoes, they do not go outside the farm in it and are not transferred to others for use.
To prevent the introduction of infectious diseases, rabbits are imported (to complement the herd) only from those farms that contain healthy animals, with the obligatory confirmation of their condition in the veterinary certificate (form No. 1).
Rabbits are transported by road, rail, water and air in special cages measuring 50 X 20 X 40 cm with mesh or rack floors.

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Animals brought into the household must be quarantined for 30 days, during which they are constantly monitored by veterinarians. If during the quarantine there are no cases of contagious diseases, rabbits are transferred to the main herd.

Quarantine on the farm also includes young breeding stock intended for sale to other households.
Before entering the room with the cells of the group of quarantined rabbits, there should also be dezkovriki. Overalls for staff and equipment used by them cannot be taken out of the territory where quarantine is declared. Serves quarantined animals, a permanent rabbit house. Inventory imported to the farm must be disinfected.

The farm territory, sheds, cages and equipment are kept clean. Passages are regularly covered with fluffy lime. A sanitary day is carried out at least once a month with thorough cleaning and disinfection of the premises, territory and equipment with a 5% solution of boiling liquor, 1–2% formalin solution, 3% lysol solution, 3–5% hot creolin solution, 2.percent hot sodium hydroxide solution and other disinfectants.
Disinfection must be carried out before the next placement of rabbits (jigging, delivery, acquisition of the main herd, random campaign).

Overalls and towels are boiled for at least 30 minutes or immersed in a 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide for 3 hours, in a 10% solution of formalin for 4 hours and rinsed in water.

Against flies and other insects, the room is sprayed with a 0.5-2% solution of chlorophos, 2% emulsions of trichloromethaphos or polychlorocamphene, SK-9. Against rodents apply bait with pesticides; they are laid out in places inaccessible to rabbits.

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All these activities are carried out in a planned manner under the supervision of veterinarians or a specialist of the sanitary and epidemiological station.

For the timely detection of the disease, the condition and behavior of rabbits should be monitored daily, and if necessary, inspected.

For examination, adult rabbits are taken by the ears, pulled back a few and together with the ears grab the skin on the back. In this position, rabbits usually do not jerk, do not scratch and easily allow themselves to be examined. If the rabbit needs to be moved, then with his left hand he is supported from below and slightly pressed against him. For a more detailed examination and various procedures, adult rabbits are usually fixed in special machines, where they reliably fix their heads and limbs in a position convenient for them.

For inspection, rabbits use the same technique, but to determine the sex or for slaughter, it is better to take them by the skin in the lumbar region. If you need to pull the rabbit out of the cage, first remove the drinker, feeder and litter, close the nesting compartment (if any) and carefully remove the rabbit, trying to prevent it from clinging to the floor with its paws and not tearing off its nails.
Healthy rabbits. peppy, energetic, eat well and drink. Hair and eyes are shiny, mucous membranes are normal. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is normal.

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