Perhaps the first thing a person who sees a rabbit draws attention to is his large and beautiful ears, but the owners of these animals know that the rabbit’s ears are the most vulnerable place to various parasites. Parasites are attracted by the presence of a large number of blood vessels in the rabbit’s ears.
As a rule, most of the problems with rabbits’ ears arise due to damage by their ear mite. Such a disease of rabbits is a fairly common occurrence, however, such a disease cannot be ignored, since ticks in the ears cause a lot of unpleasant sensations in the animal.
In veterinary medicine, diseases caused by ear mites are called lice, psoroptosis, and hematopinosis, depending on the type of tick that causes the disease. There are a number of pronounced symptoms that can signal to the owners of the animal that it needs urgent medical attention.
Since the ear tick is a contagious disease, it is necessary first of all to put sick rabbits away from healthy ones. Next, you need to make a high-quality disinfection of the premises, cages and inventory of rabbits, so you can completely exclude the possibility of infection of healthy rabbits from patients.
The ear tick in rabbits can be identified by characteristic symptoms. Firstly, the behavior of the rabbit changes, as he is worried about the ears, he is nervous and constantly tries to scratch them. Due to the constant combing, the rabbit forms bloody wounds, which are quickly tightened by the crust.
Since the ear tick in rabbits, like other types of ticks, feeds on keratinized skin. At the beginning of the disease, a crust forms in the ears, which comes off with flakes. As a rule, these flakes are located inside the ear canal and are not visible unless you look closely. With further progression of the disease and an increase in the number of ear mites and constant combing, infection of the ear with concomitant infections occurs. In this case, you can see purulent formations, purulent scab, complete clogging of the ear canal, plug, which is selected from the ear canal.
An ear mite is very contagious, therefore it is not uncommon for one rabbit to become infected with it, which means that the entire population will begin to experience unpleasant sensations from a disease such as an ear tick in rabbits as soon as possible. The photo of the affected animals is really amazing, and prolonged infection of the animal with an ear tick can lead to its death. Fortunately, the disease can be easily detected at the earliest stages by the characteristic flakes that are strewed from the ears of the animal.
The disease is diagnosed precisely by symptoms, so even a person who does not have a veterinary education can easily identify it. After diagnosing the disease, you need to take some measures to treat the pets.
In the state of Pennsylvania, in America, a case was recorded on one of the rabbit farms. When a meat breed rabbit was infected with an ear tick, the disease went so far that purulent discharge from the rabbit’s ears got into his brain, but after the treatment, the rabbit did not die, but only lost the ability to see and his eyes turned a bluish tint. Beautiful eyes so impressed the owners that they left the rabbit as a pet, where it adapted perfectly even with complete blindness.
It is worth describing in more detail the treatment of such a disease as an ear tick in rabbits. Treatment of an ear mite should begin to release the ear canals from neoplasms and crusts. Do not use solid objects to pull plugs from rabbit ears. First you need to dissolve the resulting plug with hydrogen peroxide.
This process is time-consuming, as you will have to top up the peroxide solution from time to time, constantly making sure that it does not flow from the ear. This procedure must be repeated until the entire plug comes out of the ear. Next, the affected ear should be lubricated with a special anti-mite agent, any of those that are sold in veterinary pharmacies. You need to lubricate the ear with the help of ear sticks so as not to damage the rabbit’s ear.
An ear mite can be detected quite easily when examining a rabbit’s ears. In the early stages of the disease, it is not difficult to cure a rabbit, but in a neglected form, the cleaning procedure can be painful for the animal, so you need to carefully monitor the hygiene of the ears of rabbits, preventing their infection.