How rabbits get sick, and how to treat them. tips
Breeding rabbits is profitable and interesting, but also involves troubles and difficulties. Rabbits are very fragile animals, and being no exception, they are very prone to get sick. Here we bring to your attention the most common rabbit diseases and tips for their treatment.
Diseases of rabbits that are dangerous to humans
What diseases in our animals should we beware of? Among them are not very familiar diseases: fascioliasis, cysticercosis and pasteurellosis, scabies, worms, listeriosis, tularemia.
Despite the complexity of diagnosis, each disease has its own distinct symptoms. If suddenly your pet has at least one similar symptom of those of which we will write below, be sure to seek veterinary help.
The main symptoms of diseases of eared pets that are noticeable to us:
- noticeable changes in behavior;
- inconsistent and frequent breathing;
- high water intake and coughing;
- increased molting, dull and poor coat;
- pus on the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose;
- sores on the skin;
- the appearance of fleas or lice
Video. care and disease prevention:
Now let’s look at each rabbit disease in more detail.
This is a parasitic disease that has similar symptoms with hepatitis and peritonitis. The same sores are often found in dogs.
The disease affects the serous integument of the brain, stomach, intestines and chest cavity, where bubbles with fluid without color appear, but you can see such symptoms only with a severe damage to your pet’s body. The rabbit will be suppressed, it may refuse food, the diarrhea and lethargy of the animal often appears, and later, the rabbit loses weight, the mucous membranes of the eyes acquire a yellow tint, and often, a fatal outcome occurs in less than a week.
Most affected are babies who are not yet 3 months old. To prevent the appearance of such an ailment in your two-armed friend, you can add 10% furniture granulate to the rabbit food, and if you have to treat a sick child, use homeopathic or homotoxicological drugs.
This is a common infection among animals, birds and people, and that is characteristic, it spreads very quickly. There are two types of this ailment: atypical and typical forms. In the case of a typical course, pasteurella enters the blood and lymph of an animal or person, and thus the whole organism becomes infected.
At first, the fever rises, but before death, on the contrary, it decreases very much, the rabbit refuses food, breathing difficult and frequent. Sometimes there may be an upset stomach, or discharge from the nose.
Atypical form is less dangerous, and rarely causes death. Usually, purulent patches appear on the body of the animal, and a few months later, they themselves heal. The pet is in a normal state of health, and, as a rule, recovers completely.
And sadly, the typical form of pasteurellosis cannot be treated. The sick rabbit needs to be killed as soon as possible, and his bed, litter, food and water should be burned, and the remaining items that he came in contact with must be sanitized. If the remaining rabbits are not infected, they need to be injected with a solution of oxytetracycline, in the ratio of 1 milliliter of medicine per 1 kg of weight.
Scabies. symptoms and treatment
This disease is caused by scabies itching. Sarcoptes scarabiei. This parasite lives in the scalp or on the inside of the rabbit ear and drinks blood. The rabbit is very itchy and the skin becomes inflamed.
The scabies for you will be small wounds and reddish spots on the skin, and certainly. scabs. but getting a tick in the ear threatens very unpleasant consequences. The rabbit does not want to eat, is starving, which is why he dies, as a rule.
Turpentine is used to treat scabies. The crusts that appear are smeared with them, and after waiting for their softening, they are removed with tweezers and burned. This procedure will need to be repeated after five days. Everything that affected the sick animal must be amenable to disinfection with a 5% solution of creolin.
Symptoms of fascioliasis are tachycardia, increased heart rate, fever, and swelling of the eyelids. Sometimes there is swelling of the abdomen and places that are under the jaw. If the disease becomes chronic, the condition of the coat may worsen in some areas. Yellowness of the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth is noted.
If you would like to avoid infection, do not let your rabbit drink from natural sources of water, and also do not tear the grass to feed them in the habitats of small ponds.
In case of illness, it is recommended to use 1-2 milliliters of carbon tetrachloride for treatment, which is usually injected using a probe.
Another disease of an infectious nature, dangerous for both rabbits and humans. It affects the liver. For the most part, pregnant females are susceptible to this sore. Three variants of the course of the disease are known: acute, very acute and chronic. If your pet has an ultra-sharp form, this is very bad, it is in this case that pregnant women die quickly, with an acute form, a miscarriage can occur, after which the rabbit has paralysis of the hind legs, and after a few days. death.
In the case of a chronic course of listeriosis, the fetus dies even in the uterus, without a miscarriage, which is even worse, as the decay of the dead fetus in the rabbit uterus begins. Such an animal dies in the period from 2 weeks to 2 months. If the rabbit survives, she will no longer be able to reproduce.
This disease is very complex and dangerous, because there is no treatment, the only way out in this situation. to kill the sick animals, and to disinfect all objects with which the rabbit was in contact.
A very dangerous epidemic among rabbits, which is characterized by symptoms such as conjunctivitis, edema and the appearance of gelatinous nodules on the body.
In the case of the edematous form, redness and tubercles appear on the ears and eyelids of the rabbit. But during the acute form, the symptoms are extremely few. only swelling of the head, as well as hanging down and becoming larger ears. If the disease drags on, then purulent conjunctivitis will also be added to the above signs, during which gluing of the eyelids begins, sometimes pus also appears in the nose and the animal’s breathing becomes hoarse.
If nodules have already appeared on the skin, this means that after a few weeks there will already be foci of necrosis instead of them.
This is an infection with natural foci, which is dangerous for both humans and animals. It is characterized by high fever, abortion and paralysis in case of pregnancy and an increase in lymph nodes. Young animals are more likely to get tularemia than adults.
Animals usually become infected through water and food, through the air, if there are already infected people nearby, and in spring and summer insects also carry it, biting rabbits. The problem of detection is that there are no noticeable and characteristic symptoms (when it comes to the latent form of the course). In case of acute course, rabbits cough, breathing is difficult, small ulcers appear. Permanent immunity appears to this disease.
It is rarely fatal, but nevertheless, the most common disease that causes rabbits a lot of trouble. Rhinitis is caused by bacteria that always live on the nasal mucosa, but do not harm the body. When the mucous membrane is injured, microbes enter the body and the animal becomes sick, becoming infectious.
Sick rabbits sneeze and rub the muzzle clogged with nose with their front paws. The nose swells and becomes inflamed. Often rhinitis becomes chronic, and can last a very long time, even about a year, although in general the rabbit’s condition is normal. In severe form, rhinitis can damage other organs, in case of deep intoxication, which ends in the death of the pet.
Infectious rhinitis, according to simpomatomatics, resembles ordinary rhinitis, which is not contagious, and appears when the animal has a cold or an irritant enters the nose. If the rabbit is very sick, it is better to kill him immediately, without waiting for further infection of other individuals.
If the disease has not acquired a complex nature, then rhinitis is not difficult to treat, with 1% econovocillin. which is diluted in saline, 1: 2, and this mixture must be instilled into the animal’s nose every day, 5 drops in both nostrils. You can also use 1% furacilin for treatment.
In simple words, this is a disease in which the mucous part of the eye becomes inflamed when small particles fall into it. Sometimes the cause of conjunctivitis is the lack of enough vitamin A.
Conjunctivitis is purulent and catarrhal. The mucous membrane becomes swollen and reddened, the eyes are watery. Even with the usual form, there are complications, and purulent conjunctivitis begins.
Untimely assistance to a sick person is dangerous due to clouding of the cornea of the eye; an eyesore or sores may appear. Then the rabbit will need to rinse the eye with not a strong solution of boric acid, and to get rid of ulcers, use calomel powder mixed with icing sugar 1: 1 to treat the cornea.
How to Avoid Rabbit Diseases
Having decided to seriously engage in rabbit breeding, immediately consider the quarantine area for the sick. This should be a cage that is located away from all others, where already sick animals or just acquired animals will be placed until you find out, or they are absolutely healthy.
Watch your pets, make timely vaccinations, look carefully at changes in the behavior of animals, and at the slightest suspicion, contact your veterinarian so that the consequences do not become colossal.
Do not allow strangers to rabbits and cages that may unknowingly infect your pets with a particular disease. Therefore, you can not keep rabbits near other animals, cats, dogs or livestock.
Whether it is a decorative pet in your apartment or rabbits in the farm, acquiring any living creature, you take on considerable responsibility for the welfare of the animal, and for his well-being. The best you can do for him. to vaccinate, and thereby protect him from many diseases that are caused by a particular infection.
You do not need to have special medical skills, because nowadays there are many veterinary offices and clinics where this simple procedure will be done not very expensive for you.
It is only necessary to vaccinate a healthy pet in good condition, since a sick or ill animal can very poorly tolerate the introduction of the vaccine, even death. Before vaccinations, it is important to banish worms from rabbits, lice and fleas in the same way, since vaccination may simply not be effective.
How to vaccinate rabbits:
After vaccination, you need to especially carefully treat your pets, do not bathe for 2 weeks, and monitor their safety more carefully.
Thus, we learned more about what troubles and problems may await our two friends, and they get sick no less than we, only to identify their diseases is more difficult, as well as to treat. In order to protect your rabbit from sores, carefully monitor his condition and mood, adhere to all possible safety measures, because he is very fragile and vulnerable. We must be held accountable for those who are tamed.