Pets are susceptible to attacks by various small parasites. These include fleas that can affect not only cats and dogs, chickens, sheep, but also rabbits. A flea is a blood-sucking parasite that can carry various diseases.
This article will discuss how to derive these bloodsuckers in rabbits and on preventive measures.
Do rabbits have fleas?
Unfortunately, rabbits are prone to this scourge in the same way as other animals, but they tolerate these parasites very poorly. Eared ones are affected by entire colonies of fleas that meet two subtypes. Some are found only in rabbits, and the second are also in cats. Fleas bite pets, and the bite site begins to itch actively, which leads to the formation of wounds.
Before you start a fight with this scourge, you need to know what this parasite looks like. It is a small insect up to 5 mm in size, and its color may vary from dark brown to black.
The body shape is slightly flattened on the sides. Throughout the body there are small scales that allow you to fixate in the hair of pets. When a flea drinks blood, its abdomen grows and can contain up to 10 ml of blood. This parasite moves with the help of three pairs of powerful and strong paws, which allow it to bounce up to 30 cm in height.
It is possible to determine the presence of a parasite by dried pieces of blood on the animal’s hair
Biting the eared, a flea injects saliva, which prevents blood clotting. At this moment, the animal is infected with dangerous diseases, for example, myxomatosis.
Is it dangerous for humans
Fleas can tolerate such dangerous diseases as typhoid, plague, salmonellosis, Siberian plague and other diseases. If pets live in the dog who have these parasites, then a person needs to be on his guard. Although they are not able to live on a person, however, they can feed on his blood when they are deficient in nutrition.
So, a flea can survive up to 60 days without food. Parasites feed on human blood in rare cases, often children are attacked, because these pests can bite through their thin skin.
What diseases cause
Fleas infect eared ears in the withers or spine. The greatest danger are diseases such as HBV, purulent conjunctivitis and myxomatosis. Consider each ailment in more detail.
This is a dangerous disease of a viral nature, which can lead to death if you do not seek medical attention from a veterinarian in a timely manner. The disease is spread by blood-sucking insects (for example, through a bite of a flea or mosquito) or from a sick individual to a healthy one (sexually or by airborne droplets).
The disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes;
- decreased activity in the animal;
- lack of appetite;
- redness around the eyes;
- nodular formations on the head, auricles and around the eyes (at a later stage of the disease, they appear on other parts of the body);
- temperature increase up to 40–41 ° С;
- swelling of the head, back and genitals.
Rabbit Viral Hemorrhagic Disease (HBVC). a dangerous disease that very quickly affects the entire body of the animal. With untimely detection and treatment, the virus can lead to death not only of a sick individual, but of the entire brood.
The disease has 2 different forms: acute and chronic. The second is manifested due to improper care of animals during feeding, and the acute. as a result of contact with a sick individual or during transportation, contact with cattle.
The virus is able to live for a month in manure or up to 3 months in the carcass of a dead rabbit.
Symptoms of the acute form of the disease:
- weakness and inactivity of the animal;
- high temperature (40–41 ° С);
- lung damage;
- bleeding from the oral cavity;
- lack of appetite;
Carcasses of rabbits dying of disease
In the chronic stage, HBV is manifested in the form of conjunctivitis, rhinitis, bleeding from the anus, pneumonia and blue lips.
The HBVC virus, entering the circulatory system, spreads very quickly throughout the body, affecting the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. As a result of its impact, the walls of the blood vessels begin to collapse, hemorrhage occurs in the eyes, bleeding opens, and the heart is not able to participate in the blood circulation.
When the first signs of the disease appear, it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible, who can accurately establish the diagnosis. For this, a patient is taken a blood test from the heart, differential diagnosis is performed.
Viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits. autopsy
Conjunctivitis with pus
Conjunctivitis. This is a disease that manifests itself in the form of redness and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye. The cause of the disease can be either mechanical or chemical irritants, or infections or vitamin A deficiency.
- redness of the eyes;
- the appearance of swelling;
- purulent discharge;
- sour eyes;
- allergic reaction.
If this disease is not treated, the animal may become blind. In addition, the purulent form is accompanied by profuse hair loss around the eyes. You can independently wash your eyes regularly (with chamomile broth), but do not neglect the advice of a doctor who can prescribe drugs that affect pathogenic microorganisms.
Purulent conjunctivitis in rabbits
Symptoms of Fleas
Observing the behavior of rabbits, you can determine whether there are blood-sucking parasites on them. Symptoms that indicate the presence of fleas are as follows:
- the pet bites itself strongly, while making squealing sounds;
- the presence of eggs, larvae or dead individuals;
- redness of the skin and the appearance of itching.
If untreated, rabbits can develop anemia.
In the fight against fleas, drops such as Advantage showed themselves well. Some veterinarians also prescribe Front Line, which is used only as a spray. For processing, this product is sprayed at a distance of 30 cm from the rabbit’s fur, per 1 click per 1 kg of live weight.
Front Line spray should lightly water the animal’s hair
Advantage drops have proven themselves to be highly effective against fleas. So, after one treatment 98–100% of fleas die within 12 hours. At the same time, not only adult parasites are destroyed, but their larvae and eggs also die. After a single treatment, Advantage retains its effect for 4 weeks. This tool is safe for both animal and human.
For processing rabbits whose weight does not exceed 4 kg, “Advantage 40” is used, and for heavier ones, “Advantage 80” is used. The product is applied to the neck at the base of the skull, directly on the skin of the animal. The contents of the pipette are completely squeezed onto the skin that is not damaged. After application, care must be taken that the rabbits do not lick each other.
Shampoos can be used to remove fleas in rabbits, such as Bolfo and Neguvon. During processing, it is necessary to accurately determine the dosage. So, for example, "NEGUVON" is bred in such a concentration: 15 g per 1.5 liters of water, and the animal is washed with this solution.
Shampoo "Bolfo" is used in a proportion of 0.5-1.0 ml per 1 kg of live weight. The product is carefully distributed throughout the body of the animal and carefully, massaged, rubbed into the skin.
When applying, make sure that the shampoo does not get into the eyes of the rabbit, which can lead to damage to the mucous membrane. After 10-15 minutes after application, the shampoo is washed off with plenty of warm water. Re-treatment is carried out after the detection of parasites in 7-10 days after the initial treatment.
To control fleas, the insecticidal solution “Bromocyclen” can be used. This product is diluted in a ratio of 0.005 ml per 1 liter of water, resulting in a 0.5% solution. It is distributed throughout the skin of the animal and left for 10-15 minutes, after which it is thoroughly washed off with plenty of water. The course of treatment is repeated 2-3 times with a frequency of 8 days.
What else can be used against fleas
You can also use a collar as a means of combating fleas, however, you must take into account the fact that toxic substances are used in the production process.
The collar can show its effectiveness on a walk. In this case, he is able to scare away new parasites, but immediately after returning from a walk he is recommended to be removed.
Preventive measures will help protect rabbits from bloodsucking parasites.
- regular inspection of the hairline of the animal;
- bathing with flea shampoos;
- vaccination against these parasites;
- general cleaning of the house.
If possible, it is necessary to limit the eared ears from contact with other animals, which can be carriers of fleas.
Particular attention should be paid to its content not only the fight against fleas, but also the prevention of their appearance, because these parasites are dangerous carriers of many diseases.
How to protect rabbits from parasites: video