Rabbits are quite unpretentious in the care and maintenance of fur animals. over, most diseases of furry pets provoke not only viruses, bacteria, pathogenic flora, but also parasites, insects of microscopic sizes. For example, veterinarians very often diagnose an ear mite (ear scabies) in rabbits. The parasite causes psoroptosis.
The disease has a fulminant course, and if treatment is not scheduled on time, the disease can cause death. Consider the symptoms of an ear tick in rabbits, we present effective therapeutic methods that can be used at home.
The causative agent of psoroptosis and infection
The ear mite has an oval body shape, light brown, yellowish color. The size of the parasite is 0.5–0.8 mm. Lives inside the auricle of rabbits. In the process of life, it makes moves where the female lays eggs, from which the offspring appears.
Typically, an ear tick is diagnosed in young rabbits 3-4 months old. The parasite is transmitted to babies from the mother rabbit. At risk are weakened animals that have had viral infections and individuals that are kept in adverse conditions.
Adults are infected primarily by contact. At the same time, dangerous tick-borne parasites can be found on clothing, human shoes, household items, and inventory.
Ear mites also infect other warm-blooded animals. cats, dogs, so rabbits can be infected with psoroptosis if they come in contact with other pets. This is especially true of decorative animals that are kept at home.
Favorable factors for the development of parasitic disease include:
- non-compliance with sanitary conditions in the cells;
- unbalanced poor-quality diet;
- crowded animals;
- high humidity.
Having penetrated into a favorable environment for itself, namely in the ears, ticks in rabbits can cause ear scabies, otitis media, meningitis, and a brain tumor. Therefore, the disease should not be left without treatment. A severe form can cause the death of fluffy wards.
As a rule, psoroptosis is most often diagnosed in early spring, in the autumn-winter period. A rabbit infected with an ear mite shows anxiety in the early stages of the disease, shakes its ears, twists its head, rubs against various objects.
Important! The incubation period for this disease lasts from three to five days. Initially, the site of the tick bite becomes inflamed. Small red tubercles appear, from which the anemone flows. Sulfur lumps accumulate in the ear canal.
As the disease progresses in rabbits, adult pets note the following symptoms:
- slight increase in body temperature;
- red blisters on the inner surface of the ear;
- sharp loss of body weight;
- deterioration in general condition;
- partial loss of auditory function, hearing impairment;
- decreased activity;
- ears hot to the touch;
- decreased auditory function;
- unpleasant odor from the ears.
Dark crusts, scabs, accumulation of sulfur are noticeable in the rabbit’s ears. Appetite is reduced or absent altogether. Rabbits become inactive. They constantly sit in cages in one place. The animals are tormented by severe itching, so wounds, scratching, bleeding sores, scratches through which pathogenic flora and infection can enter the animal’s body appear in the ears. Sulfur accumulates in the ear canal, which causes hearing impairment in rabbits.
Ear mite reduces immunity, body resistance in rabbits. Perhaps the development of other diseases of various etiologies and genesis. With a strong infection from an ear tick, small rabbits can die. The disease in babies develops rapidly.
Rabbits can refuse to mate, rabbits do not allow males, stop caring for their offspring.
To prevent the penetration of the parasite into the middle, inner ear, treatment should be started immediately, as soon as you notice the first symptoms of psoroptosis in rabbits, adult rabbits. An ear mite can cause the death of the entire livestock.
Home Treatment Methods
Before choosing therapeutic therapy, diagnostics are mandatory. For research, a scraping is taken from a diseased ear and examined under a microscope.
It is also possible to determine that a rabbit is sick with psoroptosis at home. Take a scraping from a sore eye with a sharp sterile instrument. Put the sample on glass. Warm up the petroleum jelly to 40 degrees, then drip it onto the sample. View it under a magnifying glass, a magnifying glass. You can see scabies mites, their eggs, developing larvae. At high temperatures, parasites are active.
In the treatment of psoroptosis in rabbits, medications and alternative medicine are used. Before the treatment, the ears of the furry pet need to be cleaned of sulfur, dirt, scabs, crusts using hydrogen peroxide, any other antiseptic solutions.
The following medications will help cure rabbits from psoroptosis:
- Ivermectin. Sold as an injection. Rabbits are injected subcutaneously.
- Stronghold. Universal highly effective insect-acaricidal drug of complex action. Kills parasites at all stages of their development. The result can be seen after the first application.
- Bottle-50 in ampoules. Ears are irrigated with the prepared solution. One ampoule must be dissolved in a liter of water.
- Medicinal drops for animals "Dekt". They have acaricidal, anti-inflammatory effects. Buried in the ears of a sick rabbit.
From an ear tick helps well: Acrodex, Dicresil, Tsiodrin.
In the treatment of psoroptosis in rabbits, you can use special aerosols, a spray based on chlorophos, ciodrin, neocidol, sulfidophos. Aerosols need to be sprayed within a second near the ears of the rabbit, about 15 cm from each ear. The air flow should be directed inside the auricle.
In combination with the main therapy in the treatment of ear tick in rabbits, alternative medicine techniques can also be used. The most effective means are camphor oil, turpentine. Camphor is excellent at the initial stage of the development of a parasitic disease.
Oil is drawn into a syringe. After cleaning the ears from contamination with a napkin dipped in hydrogen peroxide, it is poured onto the inner surface of the auricle. To soften the skin of the ear, grease the scabs with a mixture of kerosene, turpentine, creole, vegetable oil.
Camphor oil is not diluted before use, but turpentine must be diluted with any vegetable oil in a proportion of two parts of oil and one turpentine.
The procedure is performed once and repeated after 2-3 weeks. This is necessary in order to destroy all the parasites that live in the ears of furry pets.
In order to avoid infection of rabbits with psoroptosis, it is necessary to disinfect cells, feeders, implements, household items in a timely manner. Pay attention to the diet of furry wards, make sure that with rabbits, adult rabbits receive all the necessary minerals, vitamins. Supplement the diet with mineral, vitamin supplements, premixes. Watch the cleanliness, hygiene of the ears of furry animals.
Tip! experts recommend treating pregnant females even in the absence of obvious clinical manifestations of the disease. Preventive treatment is carried out approximately two weeks before the birth of rabbits.
It is very important to create optimal temperature conditions for rabbits. Watch for humidity, cleanliness of litter in cages, rooms where pets are kept. When the first symptoms of psoroptosis in rabbits appear, consult a veterinarian regarding treatment, the choice of medications. The disease is easier to cure in the early stages of development.