Rabbits are very prolific and mature quickly. Therefore, the breeding of these animals at home becomes not only a hobby, but quite a profitable business.
Growing rabbits at home, you can get 4-5 kg of dietary meat from one individual, as well as valuable natural fur. You can keep them in a minimum amount only for your own needs, but you can breed a whole farm. Growing these animals is not a very expensive and time-consuming task. To breed their home, you need to consider some factors and nuances.
Growing young animals at home
Rabbits in a cage
Growing young animals is one of the most crucial moments for the owner. In rabbits, by the end of their first month of life, all teeth change, they are completely covered with hair. From this time they are ready for independent life. It is very important to provide them with proper care. The main reason for replanting cubs from a female’s cage is a rapid reduction in its milk production (in 70%, lactation stops until 45 days after the birth of the cubs). Some rabbit breeders prefer to plant the female, and the rabbits leave in the cage to which they are accustomed.
In young animals, even weight loss during this period can be observed. Feed change is not necessary. New food should be introduced gradually, adding it to the usual rabbit. When the female is deposited, young animals are sorted by age and weight groups.
First, young animals are placed on 6-7 individuals in a cage. For breeding young animals per tribe. no more than 4 rabbits of 3 months of age. Later, they are planted in separate cells of females (2 per cage) and males (1 per cage).
When rabbits are in groups, skirmishes may occur between them and they may be injured. Therefore, the breeder often needs to inspect the young. Sick and poorly growing individuals are planted separately, improve their diet.
Errors in the nutrition of rabbits can lead to gastrointestinal problems in animals. In the first time after breeding, rabbits and females, young animals are given small portions of food, which is easily digested. In the period of 30 days after sowing, when the rabbits already stop eating milk, they are given mixed feed. In the summer, it is good to feed them with mixed herbs (St. John’s wort, alfalfa and others). In winter, hay cereals, bran, oats, carrots are suitable.
You can’t give green food immediately, from the 3rd week of the rabbit’s life it is introduced gradually, starting from 20 g. Before each feeding, young animals need to be watered.
Cages for young animals
Rabbits in a cage
They should be prepared in advance. It’s more profitable to make them yourself. The structure of the cell may be different, but it must necessarily be clean, dry, light. The health and performance of pets depends on this. If animals are kept outdoors, then the floor and walls of the cage must be insulated. It is better to make the floor wooden or plastic, rather than mesh, so that the legs of the animal do not get inflammation. It is better to build a double floor. first lay the rails or grille, and on top of the floor floor.
The outdoor content has its own advantages, but at home it is better to raise rabbits indoors. In winter, animals can often freeze in the cold.
Growing at home
Before breeding rabbits, you need to decide what the purpose of raising them is. Based on this, you can already navigate with the choice of animal breed, which are divided into such categories:
You need to choose a rabbit for breeding with clean eyes, a shiny dense pile, a strong torso and normal fatness. If individuals of a particular breed are purchased, then it is necessary to pay attention to its standards. whether the color, weight, length of the rabbit corresponds to them.
Do not take an animal if it has such defects:
- falling out wool;
- crooked limbs;
- sagging belly;
- obesity or exhaustion;
- drooping tips of ears;
- protruding hips.
In order for the rabbits to be in a healthy condition, it is necessary to follow the general rules for caring for them. Every day you need to clean the cells and feeders. Once every 10 days, they disinfect everything contained in the cell. Do not let in a draft in the room where rabbits are kept. It is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of pets as often as possible in order to identify deviations in time. The sick animal is immediately isolated and called to the veterinarian. The optimum temperature for breeding rabbits is 14-16 degrees.
Growing rabbits at home requires compulsory vaccination. Be sure to get vaccinated against myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease. You can use both complex and monovaccine.
Features of growing rabbits for meat
Rabbits for meat
The rabbit’s productivity for meat is determined by many factors. The main ones are the quality of food and growing conditions. It is better to mate the female for the first time in 4.5-5 months. After birth, rabbits realize it, and after 3 months, young animals can also be realized. Rabbits are best kept in the same cage where they were born.
Due to the fact that young rabbits are used, the productivity of young animals increases. Due to the low milk content of a single female, it is better to leave no more than 6 cubs under it.
The live weight of the rabbit for meat should be at least 1.8 kg. Animals on fatness are the first and second categories. The first group includes fairly well-fed, muscular individuals. The hips and back are rounded; the spine is not palpable. Rabbits of the second category have a weakly expressed fat layer, inverted thighs, slightly protruding vertebrae.
Underweight animals, as well as females weakened by feeding, need to be fed for 3-4 weeks. They add cumin, wormwood, dill, coniferous branches to the feed.
Highlights of growing down
For raising rabbits at home, you need to choose fluffy individuals with well-covered paws, back, head, sides, etc. The length of the pile is at least 6 cm.
Such rabbits can be kept in several ways: in cells of 4 individuals, or in group enclosures (10-15 pieces). In cold weather, animals need to lay straw.
Downy rabbit species require more protein, amino acids containing sulfur. They are an integral part of the hairline. Their diet must necessarily contain oilcake, meat and bone meal, legumes. At 2.5 months of age in rabbits, the selection of fluff begins. If it is shorter than 5-6 cm, then it is not collected. In winter, all fluff cannot be plucked so that the animal does not get sick or does not die. The second assembly is carried out after 4 months, the third. after 6. In adult rabbits, fluff is taken out every 2 months.
Experienced breeders for productive raising rabbits at home give some useful tips.
- To increase the productivity of animals, once a week they are given 1 mg of cobalt chloride. It is dissolved in water and mixed well with food. Give it to begin with the beginning of the selection of fluff. You can replace it with cobalt nitrate.
- To preserve the fluff at home, it is packed in a box of 80x50x50 cm. It must be carefully closed to prevent the ingress of moisture, insects, rodents. Naphthalene is placed in a box to protect products from moths. The capacity of such containers is about 7 kg of fluff.
- When a new rabbit is acquired, it must first be placed separately from the others. About a month it must be quarantined in order to identify possible diseases and defects during this period.