A slightly elevated temperature (39.9 C) may be due to emotional stress (from going to the veterinarian or health problems), heat stroke, or the initial stage of an infectious disease.
A very high temperature (40.5 C or higher) requires an immediate examination by a veterinarian.
But you should start caring for the rabbit even before you take it to the vet. If the temperature of the rabbit remains too high for a long time, it can lead to irreversible damage to the brain. You can cool the rabbit using ice packs or frozen vegetables. Packages should be placed on both sides of the rabbit’s body and under the stomach, you can also rub the rabbit’s ears with ice cubes, but you shouldn’t do this for too long. frostbite or hypothermia should not be allowed. Usually it will take 5 to 10 minutes for the ice packs to bring down the temperature a little. You must continue to measure the temperature of the rabbit during the procedure to prevent hypothermia.
What to do in case of Hypothermia
Temperatures lower than expected can be even more dangerous than elevated temperatures. An abnormally low temperature (below 38.1 C) can mean shock or a late stage of systematic infection, and requires urgent medical attention.
It is very important to raise the temperature of the rabbit to a normal level, since any medication prescribed by your rabbit will be less effective if the rabbit has hypothermia. To raise the temperature, you can use a heating pad (or bottle) with hot water. Wrap the heaters in towels so as not to burn the rabbit, and place them under the stomach and on the sides of the rabbit. Check the temperature, warm the rabbit until the temperature rises to 38.1 ° C. Then wrap the rabbit in towels heated on the battery and immediately bring the rabbit to the veterinarian. Hypothermia requires immediate and aggressive treatment, often with antibiotics.
If the rabbit refuses treats, but the body temperature is normal, continue to the next step.
Listen to normal abdominal sounds
Every rabbit owner should have an inexpensive stethoscope. Place a stethoscope on the rabbit’s stomach and listen to the rumbling sounds. If no sounds are heard from the abdomen, it is very likely that you are dealing with a disease called Gastrointestinal Stasis.
If you hear very loud rumbling in the rabbit’s stomach, it may be that your rabbit has accumulated gas, which may be due to gastrointestinal stasis. Also, the gases themselves can lead to gastrointestinal stasis, so it is important to take the gases and the pain they cause immediately under control. While you are waiting for the veterinarian to call you back, you can use the rabbit’s belly massage: take the rabbit and begin to gradually massage his stomach (forward, backward). If the rabbit is hurt, massage gently. It is also useful to periodically raise the rabbit during massage (hold it under the chest), then the gases can move more freely. Hold the rabbit tight so that it cannot break out and hurt itself.
Remember, if you are not sure what your rabbit is sick with, do not delay, call your veterinarian immediately. A competent veterinarian must be found before the disease declares itself.