Rabbits are gaining popularity among pets along with hamsters, parrots and fish.
Biological features help them to feel comfortable both on the farmyard and on the balcony of a multi-storey building.
And the adaptive functions allow adults to mix in their natural habitat with their congeners, the first offspring already has the right color and size.
High-quality care for the rabbit, as well as its genetic characteristics, allow you to bring an offspring of 18-20 individuals at a time. Young females under three years of age, with a good reputation of parents, are chosen for such a show.
The most important during pregnancy is proper nutrition. After fertilization, the embryos begin to grow rapidly, so on day 15 in the abdomen of a female, you can feel small lumps with a walnut.
On the sixteenth day, the embryos actively move, and in the last week they gain up to 90% of their bulk. On average, a pregnancy lasts a month, and after a couple of days the female is ready to become pregnant.
Young individuals more actively than other domestic animals grow and develop. It is during this period that the rabbits eat up to two times more food than adults.
A feature of animals is eating their stool. Scientists have explained this behavior by increasing the time of digestion of food in the stomach, enrichment with vitamin B, as well as a 20-25% delay in the passage of food. Caprophagy (eating feces) is also useful for females during pregnancy.
Rabbits are sensitive to fever. So when the air changes by five degrees, the individuals show rapid breathing and a heartbeat.
Outwardly, signs are almost impossible to detect. Hot weather of 40 degrees raises the body temperature to critical (about 43 degrees).
It is at such a moment that the body ceases to resist and function. Heat stroke results in the death of the animal.
Management of rabbit offspring
Rabbits have innumerable relatives, and in order to avoid relations between relatives. and to bring out a pure individual it is necessary about one thousand rabbits.
In this case, the breed has a chance of survival.
Experts have put in the basis of the classification dimensions, meat quality, wool length, color.
Breeding and keeping rabbits depends on the economic conditions.
About six individuals a year can be assigned to a male producer; the most active ones are able to serve fifteen queens. If it has not been used for a long time (about 15 days), then you need to run it for fertilization twice.
The company is best produced at the beginning of the year from the first of January, or from March. Mature is considered an individual in three and a half months.
When mating, the female may refuse the partner, or it is a love game. If copulation does not occur, it is transferred to another cell.
Mating ends with light squeaking sounds, individuals roll on their backs. This behavior means that a normal covering of the uterus with male fluid has occurred.
After five days, to consolidate the result, the same individuals are reduced, if the rabbit is aggressive, then the services of the inseminator are no longer required. To manage the offspring, you need to record the date of mating, as well as the number of children born and their parameters.
the pregnant uterus must be provided with room temperature water, and fresh vegetables. Mold on foods leads to miscarriages.
Before giving birth, the cage is thoroughly disinfected, while stressful situations for the expectant mother should be avoided, and a small nest of down taken from the rabbit should also be made.
Okrol most often occurs in the dark and lasts several minutes. The female independently attracts rabbits to the nest, if this did not happen, it is necessary to plant newborns to the mother without extraneous odors.
If there is not enough food or water in the cage, eating offspring is possible. Such uterus is rejected and does not participate more in childbirth.
After the rounding, stillborn, sick children should be removed. With all contact with the animal’s cage, you need to thoroughly wash your hands with soap with the smell of needles, excess odors (perfumes, cigarettes, perfumes) lead the uterus to rabies and eating offspring.
How to protect rabbits from disease
The great fecundity of rabbits is caused by a characteristic feature of the animal organism, as frequent diseases.
The weak points are the respiratory system and the digestive system.
The cause of the disease of rabbits in the gastrointestinal tract is poor food, with mold and fungi.
Bloating, purulent rashes, loose stools or constipation, depression, anxiety, and pupils appear. If poisoning has occurred, the feed is eliminated. Development can be lightning fast. the animal will die in an hour.
An urgent need to flush the stomach of the rabbit. For this, warm water with a crushed tablet of coal is used, as well as an enema and emetics (for example, anomorphine). Further, the treatment is prescribed by the veterinarian.
Manure, which has lain for a long time in the cell, begins to react with the environment, active substances are released, including ammonia. the main cause of respiratory tract disease.
Gas is able to irritate the mucous membrane, affect body temperature, reduce appetite. Inflammation becomes purulent, the animal dies. If signs of gas poisoning are detected, the animal is placed in better living conditions.
Rabbits are animals that easily adapt to the environment, breed quickly, and are unpretentious in food. But these organisms also have weak points that must be taken into account when keeping these animals at home.