Rabbits that are bred as pets or decorative pets, like other animals, need compulsory vaccination. It is vaccines against the most common viral diseases of animals that will not only extend the life of the pet, but also ensure that a person stays close to the pet.
Why rabbit vaccination is so important
Pets such as rabbits are very susceptible to various infections. And even the constant year-round stay of the pet in the room will not save him from the development of the disease.
Even the most common diseases of pets, such as worms and myxomatosis in 99% of cases lead to the death of the animal.
In order to maximize the life of your beloved eared friend, experts advise that preventive vaccination of animals is carried out. The procedure is almost painless for the pet, and is performed approximately every 9-12 months, depending on the vaccine. The only condition for vaccination is that you need full confidence that the rabbit is absolutely healthy.
What diseases should a rabbit be vaccinated against?
The rabbit is injected with a vaccine
There are a number of diseases that can affect pets such as rabbits. We advise you to familiarize yourself with them and possible signs of disease:
- Salmanellosis (paratyphoid). This disease can occur in almost any pet. The main signs of the disease are the refusal of food to animals, accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea. In this case, it is necessary to vaccinate against Salmonella virus.
- Pasteurellosis is usually accompanied by high fever of the animal, fever and pneumonia. A young animal is most often vaccinated against this viral disease; it is worth noting that females are vaccinated only if the disease occurs.
- Rabies rabies infects their central nervous system and leads to the death of the animal.
- Listerirosis often occurs in female rabbits. With this disease, the rabbits change their behavior, become apathetic, refuse to eat.
It should be noted that in the event of rabies and listerirosis in places of mass breeding of rabbits, all animals can be vaccinated in order to avoid cases of mass infection of the disease.
What vaccinations do rabbits need?
Inoculate the rabbit from myxomatosis
The most common vaccines given to rabbits are for viral hemorrhagic disease (HBV) and myxomatosis. Developed 2 methods for the most effective vaccination of animals:
Vaccination of an animal of a general type occurs as follows:
- at the age of 45 days they are given the first vaccination;
- the second vaccination should be introduced no later than 3 months after the first;
- every subsequent 5-6 months, it is necessary to revaccinate to strengthen the immunity of the animal.
Vaccination of an animal against HBV and myxomatosis should be carried out according to the schedule:
- at the age of 45 days, the first vaccine against HBV is given;
- after 2 weeks, vaccination against myxomatosis;
- after 3 weeks, vaccination against myxomatosis is repeated;
- after 2 weeks, the final vaccination of the rabbit against HBV is performed.
It should be noted that subsequent vaccination of the rabbit must be done every six months. In this case, only you can protect your pet as much as possible from the harmful effects of viruses.
How to prepare for rabbit vaccination
Any vaccination of the animal must be prepared in advance. Firstly, it is necessary to examine the animal for possible diseases, since vaccination of a sick animal can not only not produce an effect, but also aggravate the situation with the course of the disease. Secondly, a week or two before vaccination, you need to give the rabbit a worm medicine for prevention.
If you have just purchased a rabbit, you should not immediately vaccinate. It is best to arrange an incubation period for the pet. Observe the animal for a week or two, if there is no suspicion of any disease, you can vaccinate the rabbit.
Rabbit vaccination process
Farm rabbit vaccination
Rabbits can be vaccinated both in special facilities, for example, veterinary clinics, and at home.
Regarding vaccination of rabbits in veterinary institutions. We recommend that you be present directly during the vaccination process. Firstly, you can check the sterility of syringes, the availability of vaccines and, in fact, the vaccination itself, and secondly, try to learn as much as possible about the drug that vaccinates the animal. Ideally, take a statement about how the animal was vaccinated. This may be necessary if there is a reaction to the vaccine.
Most often, after several vaccinations of rabbits, their owners wonder if it is possible to vaccinate at home. The answer is simple. of course you can! Firstly, it will save your time, and secondly. it will significantly save money. But, before conducting the rabbit vaccination procedure, try to watch the corresponding video or get advice on the correct vaccination from the veterinarian.
To vaccinate at home, you will need the appropriate vaccine and insulin syringe, which can be purchased at any pharmacy. On average, a single injection is a dose of 0.5 ml, and the vaccine is diluted with plain water. The injection itself is injected into the withers of the animal under the skin or in the area of the back of the rabbit. Always disinfect the injection site before vaccination. It is also necessary to comply with the storage conditions for vaccination, the expiration date and storage methods are described by each manufacturer of the antiviral drug.
Rabbit vaccine action
In order for the rabbit to receive immunity against any possible infection, a clear vaccination schedule must be observed. But what does a vaccine do in an animal? How does blocking the onset of the disease?
A vaccine introduced into the body of an animal helps to produce antibodies to specific infections and viruses. Also, it is antibodies developed by the body that contribute to the death of already existing bacteria of infection. So, if an infection gets into the body of the vaccinated rabbit, the antibodies are ready to fight it. If the rabbit is not vaccinated, it takes much more time and effort to fight the virus, and sometimes the animal’s body is simply not able to cope with the disease.
Activities required after rabbit vaccination
Vaccination is a rather complicated process in terms of necessary measures. After vaccination, the rabbit must be kept in strict quarantine for at least a week. Since it is at the time of the production of antiviral antibodies by the body, the animal is most susceptible to infection in the body. Be sure to monitor the behavior of the pet. If the rabbit becomes lethargic after vaccination, refuses to eat, be sure to consult a veterinarian.
As for the nutrition of the animal, there are no questions, the nutrition may be normal, but there should be a little more water, since rabbits use more fluids after vaccination. Abundant salivation of the animal can also be a side effect after vaccinating rabbits, but this is just a reaction to the components of the vaccine. As a rule, this is not a cause for concern, and the symptoms disappear in a day or two.
How long does the vaccine last?
It is recommended that rabbits be vaccinated at least once every six months. Accordingly, stable immunity of the animal to the causative agents of a disease is maintained during the period between vaccinations, that is, up to 9 months. Further, the risk of penetration into the body of a pet of a malicious infection increases. The period of action of the drug administered depends on each animal individually and on the brand of vaccine used.
Which rabbits should not be vaccinated
There is an opinion that adult rabbits that have not been previously vaccinated should not be vaccinated, because it can have a detrimental effect on the body. We hasten to assure you that this opinion is no more than another myth. Animals are vaccinated equally at any age. Just as amenable to the action of the disease, animals are also the same. As for female animals, it is better not to vaccinate pregnant rabbits and females during feeding. Wait for the rabbits to wean and vaccinate the animal.