A pet has a chance of contracting an infectious disease. Many owners of home decorative rabbits believe that since their pets do not go outside the home, they are not vaccinated. It’s a delusion.
The causative agents of dangerous rabbit diseases get into housing with shoes, street clothes, feed. They are circulated by blood-sucking insects, for example, mosquitoes, fleas.
Each owner should know what, when and how to vaccinate the rabbit.
Do I need to vaccinate
Many diseases of domestic rabbits have a rapid course and death. Inexperienced owners do not always understand what is happening with the pet. They do not seek veterinary care on time. The result of such carelessness is the death of a pet.
The most dangerous rabbit diseases are viral in nature and do not respond to effective treatment. The only way to protect is preventive vaccination.
The viruses that cause dangerous diseases of ornamental rabbits are very resistant to various environmental factors. They are stored in it for up to 24 months. After vaccination, the animal develops intense immunity. It protects an eared pet for a certain period. As a rule, it is equal to 6 months.
What are needed
The most dangerous diseases that do not leave a chance for an unvaccinated animal to live are:
The first vaccinations are done already at 7-8 weeks. myxomatosis, outbreaks occur in the warm season, the main carriers are mosquitoes, fleas, infection can occur through inventory;
If the animal needs to be transported across the country or abroad, then rabies vaccination cannot be dispensed with.
Before vaccination, the following measures must be taken:
Only healthy animals are vaccinated. in 10-14 days, the animal is treated for worms;
An injection of the vaccine is also done in the case when no more than 90 days have passed since the treatment of the animal from worms.
What to do if there is no information about vaccinations
When the new owner does not have accurate data on previous vaccinations, you will have to squeeze about two and a half months. Then give the anthelmintic drug and vaccinate the animal after 10. 12 days.
Chart: when to do
Newborn rabbits up to about 6-7 weeks of age have passive maternal immunity. By the age of 8 weeks, it gradually fades away and completely disappears by 10-12 weeks.
Therefore, the first vaccination should not be done before the animal is 7-8 weeks old.
If the rabbit was taken away from the mother too early, then the vaccine is given about a week earlier, provided that its weight is close to 500 g.
The first vaccination, as a rule, is done from VGBK. After 90 days, they are given a second vaccination against this disease. After 6 months, the animal is revaccinated.
As soon as 14 days have passed after the first vaccination against HBV, make the first injection from myxomatosis.
It is advisable to tie this vaccination to the spring-summer or autumn period.
A second injection of the vaccine for this disease is done after three months. Every six months. revaccination. It should also be at the beginning and end of the warm season, when mosquitoes and other blood-sucking insects are active.
In the case when a complex or associated vaccine is used, the first vaccine is given at the age of 7-8 weeks, the second after three months, the next after six months. Subsequently, revaccination is carried out after 6 months and continues throughout the life of the pet.
When you can not be vaccinated
Only a healthy animal is vaccinated. You should refuse vaccination if:
- air temperature above 28 degrees;
- the animal looks unhealthy;
- the vaccine has expired;
- storage conditions of the drug are violated.
If the animal is already sick, the vaccine will not help him.
Very often, the stories of the owners that the vaccine "struck" and the vaccinated animal fell ill are associated with these cases. If the decorative rabbit is vaccinated correctly, at the right time, the vaccine protects it quite reliably from viral infections.