Subdermatitis in rabbits (corns on the legs) It is generally accepted that the cause of the appearance of rabbit pododermatitis can only be the ethmoid floor of the cell. In this, of course, there is some truth, and subdermatitis can develop as a result of keeping a rabbit on the trellised floor, but this is not all.
Why do rabbits develop subdermatitis?
As in many other situations, in order to understand why rabbits develop subdermatitis, it is better to first look at wild rabbits, their living conditions and lifestyle. Wild rabbits spend most of their time moving on grass and on the ground. Such a soft surface allows the rabbit’s claws to plunge into the ground, respectively, the weight of the rabbit is evenly distributed throughout the foot.
A hard floor means that the rabbit’s claws remain on the surface. It doesn’t matter if it is a carpet, wood, linoleum or plastic (with or without newspapers and sawdust), the result will always be the same. If the rabbit’s claws do not penetrate the soil, the front of the paws rises above the surface, and in this case, most of the animal’s weight falls on the heels, causing pain to the rabbit. If the rabbit is heavy or obese, the likelihood of such a problem increases.
Pododermatitis in decorative rabbits. corns on paws
There is a whole list of predisposing factors:
poor hygiene and wet filler
Rex type wool. feet of rabbits of this breed are not covered with thick hair
long claws. a rabbit carries weight on his heels
obesity. increases pressure on the legs
improper floor surface
improper physical composition
What to look for
Of course, not all rabbits develop subdermatitis! If you look closely at the feet of an adult rabbit, you will find a small bald, light pink area of rough skin. this is normal.
Subdermatitis looks different. these are red inflamed bald spots on the heels of a rabbit. They can release moisture. In some neglected cases of tendon poddermatitis, which pass through the heel, shift to the side, mutilating the rabbit. Each time you cut a rabbit’s claws, check the soles of his feet and do not forget about the front legs.
Help, our rabbit has pododermatitis. What should we do?
Unfortunately, pododermatitis is difficult to treat. The first step should be to eliminate the possible cause of the disease. The nails should be trimmed as short as possible (but do not touch the blood vessel). Older, obese, motionless rabbits should lose weight, they may also need long-term pain therapy to make them want to move again. Any rabbit suffering from pododermatitis should receive maximum attention from its owner, he needs special care. The next step is to notice on which surface the rabbit spends most of its time.
The ideal surface for a rabbit suffering from pododermatitis is soft, dry hay laid on a towel or any other soft tissue. But do not forget that no coral is suitable!. Some rabbits form burns on their feet when they jump on synthetic carpets, especially often with rabbits who like to jump off furniture.
If your rabbit spends all the time in the cage, it will be in your interests to pay close attention to arranging his home. The rabbits that are contained in the cells suffer from movement restrictions and they develop spinal diseases. Along with choosing the right filler for the cage (a good layer of dry soft hay, a towel or paper. if the rabbit does not eat it, sawdust can be used only if you lay a towel or hay on top), make sure that the rabbit receives enough exercise, he daily long walks outside the cage are needed.
In most cases, treatment of pododermatitis requires observation by a veterinarian. advanced cases require consultation with a veterinarian. a dermatologist. Treatment usually includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and painkillers, skin ointments, and sometimes you need a bandage (it’s a lot of fun. rabbits usually just hate these things!). It is not recommended to start treatment with any ointments without consulting a veterinarian. self-medication can end very badly and significantly worsen the condition of your pet. Author: Based on materials: www.rabbitwelfare.co.uk
Subdermatitis in rabbits treatment.
This recipe is good for treating pododermatitis in rabbits: once a day, treat rabbit paws with chlorhexidine, and then anoint the corns (sores) on the paws with levomekol ointment. Hold the rabbit in your arms for about 5 minutes to absorb the ointment. The time to complete recovery depends on the degree of neglect of the disease, usually 5-10 days are enough.