Rabbit health

Rabbit Disease Symptoms and Treatment

August 24, 2019

When working on a home farm, the owner is required to know rabbit diseases and their symptoms and treatment for successful housekeeping and preservation of the number of individuals. If the rabbit breeder conducts continuous monitoring of the health status of pets, the animals increase viability and full-fledged offspring are born.

Rabbit Disease Symptoms and Treatment

Rabbits affected by the disease change their behavior, and in this case, it is urgent to seek help from a veterinarian.

Classification of diseases affecting the body of rabbits

Many owners have rabbits. This is a responsible business requiring financial and physical expenses. In order for the rabbits to grow healthy, it is necessary to protect them from infection with diseases such as:

  • hemorrhagic inflammation;
  • rhinitis;
  • stomatitis;
  • coccidiosis;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • epiphora;
  • uveitis;
  • tumors.

Many diseases weaken the health of animals, so you should be careful about the symptoms of the disease. Diseases of rabbits and their treatment need to identify the causes of the disease. What factors indicate damage to an animal by an infectious agent? The owner should be alerted by a change in the behavior of the pet, an upset of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions, skin rashes. Decorative rabbits often appear diseases such as:

  • lichen;
  • scabies;
  • mastitis;
  • rickets;
  • ulcer;
  • tick damage;
  • traumatic injuries;
  • tumors;
  • tooth defects;
  • torticollis;
  • purulent abscesses;
  • constipation;
  • cataract.

Rabbits affected by the disease change their behavior, and in this case, it is urgent to seek help from a veterinarian.

Gastrointestinal disorders are accompanied by frequent diarrhea with the presence of residues of undigested food and mucus, flatulence, and a decrease in appetite. Rabbits change their behavior: the animal looks depressed, inactive. Cataracts are accompanied by severe clouding of the lens, discoloration of the central part of the eye, and complete loss of vision. Coccidiosis, complicated by diarrhea, yellowness of the mucous membranes, and convulsions, is especially dangerous for rabbits.

Causes of diseases in animals

Rabbits need constant care, compliance with the rules of maintenance, feeding and maintenance. It is necessary to treat a sick animal for a long time, therefore, much attention should be paid to the prevention of diseases. Dental defects occur due to malnutrition of the animal. Stable growth of the posterior teeth is ensured only by constant chewing of food. The rabbit must process food all day. Genetic defects, injuries, falls often contribute to the appearance of diseases of the oral cavity.

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Conjunctivitis occurs as a result of the development of an allergic reaction when inhaling dry food, chemical impurities, smoke, due to infection with a fungal and viral infection. Purulent abscesses arise as a result of the introduction of a bacterial pathogen introduced into an open wound when the rabbit’s body is damaged. The occurrence of a common cold in an animal is associated with the development of an acute respiratory infection or allergy.

In the absence of mother’s milk, rabbits suffer from a disease of the gastric mucosa if they eat coarse food constantly. Cataracts develop as a result of trauma or exposure to toxic substances, malnutrition due to a lack of greenery in the animal’s diet.

How to identify a disease in a rabbit?

A healthy rabbit has a good appetite, shiny hair, clean nose, body temperature in the range 38.5-39.5 ° C. As a result of the development of a purulent abscess, signs such as:

  • pain;
  • accumulation of pus;
  • swelling, soft to the touch;
  • increase in body temperature at the site of abscess formation.

Discomfort in pets

The symptoms of ill health in adults should be known to rabbit breeders in order to provide timely and effective assistance to their pets.

Having studied the manifestations of infectious stomatitis, the owner will save the animal’s life if he immediately turns to the veterinarian.

Staphylococcus is a pathogenic causative agent of infectious diseases in rabbits.

On the first day of malaise, the rabbit develops redness and swelling of the oral mucosa, and excessive salivation. White films appear on the lateral surface of the tongue, forming a dense coating, and on the 4th day of the disease erosion and ulcers appear. The rabbit makes characteristic sounds and refuses to eat. As a result of a tick affection, a disease such as scabies appears in pets. Wounds appear on the skin; redness in the bite area; swelling; bubbles filled with a clear liquid. The animal stops eating and quickly dies.

A concussion resulting from an injury is characterized by impaired coordination, strabismus, and trembling eyeballs. If the brain of a rabbit is affected by the causative agent of encephalitis, symptoms of epilepsy appear. After a prolonged exposure to the sun, the rabbit has frequent breathing, lethargy, redness of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity and eyelids. Often the animal dies during a seizure.

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Therapy of respiratory viral processes in adults

For the treatment of rabbits, a veterinarian prescribes a course of antibacterial therapy. When the first symptoms of ill health appear, it is necessary to water the animal with infusions of chamomile, St. John’s wort or Echinacea purpurea to stimulate the immune system of a sick individual. The rest of the treatment of the disease is the long-term use of antibacterial agents, proper nutrition, and the prevention of secondary abscesses.

It should be remembered that antibiotics can cause unwanted effects on the health of the rabbit, so you can not self-medicate. As a result of infection with viruses in the animal, purulent discharge from the eyes appears, and conjunctivitis therapy in this case is complex. Noticing the first signs of the disease, they wash their eyes with a solution of St. John’s wort, chamomile, tea leaves. For treatment, antibacterial or anti-inflammatory drops, eye ointments are used. For internal use, the doctor recommends infusions of herbs: arnica, chamomile, St. John’s wort, calendula.

Treatment of infectious stomatitis and streptococcal infections

Small rabbits often suffer from infectious stomatitis. In the event of an epidemic, the main emphasis should be placed on the prevention of infection in healthy individuals. To destroy the causative agent of the disease, streptocide powder is injected into the rabbit’s oral cavity for several days and the mucous membrane is lubricated with an antibacterial ointment. Experienced rabbit breeders carry out the processing of damaged areas with disinfectant solutions of potassium permanganate, vitriol.

The acute respiratory viral process is accompanied by the appearance of a classic symptom. the release of viscous fluid from the nose or eyes of an animal. If torticollis occurs, the development of inflammation of the inner ear can be suspected in the animal. If the rabbit is not receiving treatment, pneumonia occurs. Due to the development of the inflammatory process in the oral cavity, an abscess appears on the face of the animal.

To raise immunity, water infusions of herbs are used: chamomile, St. John’s wort, tansy. A significant role in the effectiveness of treatment is played by a balanced diet: animals should receive soft, easily digestible food. When the animal is infected with streptococcus, penetrating through the damaged skin, treatment begins with the appointment of antibiotics that destroy the causative agent of the disease. In the case of the development of the initial stage of mastitis, local treatment with camphor ointment is carried out and penicillin injections are used until the condition of the sick animal improves. It is necessary to treat the mammary glands of the female after okrolya and monitor their hygienic condition.

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Therapy of traumatic injuries and diseases of the brain

Often such diseases arise when rabbit breeders poorly contain young animals, and the cells are not properly exploited. Most often, animals appear bruises and displacements of individual vertebrae, hind limb paralysis, open and closed fractures. When assisting an animal after an injury, it is necessary to stop bleeding, apply a bandage, take measures to prevent the occurrence of traumatic shock.

With an open fracture, the wound is treated with an antiseptic solution and a protective dressing is applied. The rabbit is prescribed therapeutic massage, the diet is enriched with vitamins C and D, and minerals are added to the feed. In case of eye injury associated with the appearance of a scratch on the cornea, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics are prescribed to fight the infection. After damage to the spine in a rabbit, the specialist performs an operation to correct fractures, followed by fixation of the spine with metal plates.

A brain hernia in an animal is closely associated with impaired blood circulation in the tissues and intermittent supply of cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment consists in the appointment of drugs that relieve swelling, improve tissue nutrition, and eliminate the manifestations of traumatic shock.

With a very severe injury, it is inappropriate to conduct therapy that increases the suffering of the animal. To relieve pain in an old individual in the intervertebral discs, treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs is prescribed, which restore the cartilage and bone tissue in a short time. Additionally, it is recommended to take vitamins, use ointments, creams and special bedding. The sooner the disease is detected in the animal, the faster and easier it is treated. The main task of the rabbit breeder is to discuss treatment with a specialist at the first symptoms of rabbit disease.

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