When caring for a pet that has won your heart and become a pet, do not forget about protection from rabbit disease. Even if your furry friend never leaves the apartment, the risk of viral diseases and injuries is not excluded.
Rabbit Disease. Symptoms
Determining if your rabbit is sick or not is very easy. A healthy pet is alert and active, its coat is smooth and shiny. Fatness is another hallmark of the health of decorative rabbits. There should be no discharge from the nose and mouth.
Any changes in appearance, in behavior and a decrease in the activity of a pet should alert the owner and require immediate medical attention. He treats rabbit veterinarian rodentologist. All diseases of furry pets can be divided into three types: invasive (parasitic), infectious and non-infectious.
The two worst rabbit viral diseases. myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease. spread by mosquitoes and can be brought on your clothes. These are very serious and fleeting diseases that can kill a decorative rabbit in a matter of hours. And therefore, prophylactic vaccination of rabbits against these and some other diseases is necessary.
The first vaccination can be given to the rabbit when he reaches the age of 45 days. In this case, the rabbit must have a weight of at least 500 g. rabbit vaccination against myxomatosis, and after about 10 days he is vaccinated against hemorrhagic disease. There are also associated vaccines that provide protection against both diseases at once.
Rabbits should be vaccinated regularly. After the first vaccination against myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease, the next is carried out in 4.5 months. Then the rabbit should be brought to the veterinarian for vaccination every six months, unless the doctor recommends a different rabbit vaccination schedule. This will significantly reduce the risk of a fluffy pet’s disease, and if the disease still catches up with the baby, the rabbit will have every chance of a successful recovery, and the rabbit’s treatment will be more successful.
In order for the rabbit to be vaccinated without complications, it is necessary to first carry out the prevention of helminths. The owner of the rabbit can do it on his own by applying the medications recommended by the veterinarian. In no case should you vaccinate a sick and weakened rabbit, as well as a pregnant or lactating rabbit.
Invasive (parasitic) rabbit disease
Psoroptosis, or rabbit ear scabies, easily determined by the owner of the furry pet. This disease is caused by the scabies mite. The main symptom is the occurrence of inflammation or crusts on the rabbit’s ear. In this case, the animal strongly scratches the affected area. One trip to the veterinarian and rodentologist to treat the rabbit. and the problem will quickly disappear.
Hayletiellosis in rabbits, It is caused by the tick Heyletiella (Cheyletiella parasitovorax), which lives on the surface of the skin. These rabbit mites are found all over the world and can infect rabbits, cats, dogs and even cause transient pruritus in humans. The main symptom is large white dandruff. Sometimes the disease is accompanied by itching, hair loss. To clarify the diagnosis, it is better to consult a veterinarian.
There are diseases that practically do not threaten a decorative rabbit that does not leave the house. But risk is not worth excluding. Among these diseases are coccidiosis, caused by coccidia. A sick rabbit loses his appetite, loses weight, his stomach may swell and diarrhea can begin.
Helminthic infestations rarely cause disease in ornamental rabbits. Most often, passalurosis can be encountered, however, more often this rabbit disease is asymptomatic.
It is extremely rare for decorative rabbits with access to fresh grass to be found cysticercosis. Rabbits with cysticercosis may experience weight loss, weakness, or sudden death. Any noticeable symptom of these diseases should be a signal of an urgent trip to the veterinarian to begin treatment of the rabbit.
Rabbit Infectious Diseases
These diseases can be transmitted not only to their relatives, but also to pet owners. Therefore, it is always necessary to observe basic hygiene rules when communicating with a pet.
You can often come across rabbit pasteurellosis, which will be manifested by respiratory disorders or otitis media. A sick rabbit can sneeze, rub his nose with his paw, in severe cases shortness of breath appears. If the rabbit has a sore ear, then it may shake its head or tilt its head to the side.
Ringworm or dermatophytosis can be suspected of falling out hair and the appearance of animal scales on the skin. Lichen is contagious to humans and pets, so it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Rabbits are also susceptible to such infectious diseases as salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, encephalitozoonosis, myxomatosis, rabbit viral hemorrhagic disease, and many others.
Non-communicable rabbit diseases
Fluffy pet can get injury, for example, burns, bruises, cuts, sprains, or fractures. Rabbits are common conjunctivitis. Drafts can cause pneumonia in sensitive pets. A pet that walks free may get poisoned by eating a plant poisonous to him.
Here is a partial list of poisonous plants for rabbits:
- Wrestlers (aconites)
- Lily of the valley
Subdermatitis, inflammation of the intestines, tympanum, rhinitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, stress, malocclusion or improper grinding of teeth, stomatitis. many diseases can cause the well-being of a decorative rabbit. And therefore, the responsible owner should regularly show the pet to the veterinarian and be attentive to the baby’s well-being.
Prevention of rabbit disease and regular vaccination is much cheaper for the owner and better for a furry pet than a long and sometimes unsuccessful treatment.