Probably, every rabbit breeder more than once found ear diseases. Their causes can be quite diverse: parasites, weather conditions or infections. If you identify the symptoms of the disease in time, the chance of a successful outcome is significantly increased.
Ear Mite (Psoroptosis)
This disease is contagious, and is easily transmitted from one to another. Basically, it passes on contact between animals. But sometimes it is caused by untreated feeders, drinking bowls or cages. Psoroptosis is a type of scabies. Its pathogen, a yellow tick, is oval in shape and very small in size.
The ear tick in rabbits gives them a lot of inconvenience: starting with scabies and ending with a sharp drop in immunity. Below are the main symptoms that warn of the presence of psoroptosis in your pet.
- The animal often shakes its head, trying to rub its ears against the cage. He behaves extremely hectic, loses his appetite.
- When the disease is just beginning, small tubercles appear in the ears of the animal, which eventually turn into bubbles. Inside them, fluid accumulates. And when the bubbles burst, it flows out and dries.
- If you do not notice these symptoms of the disease, dead rabbit cells and sulfur may appear in the rabbit’s ears. As a result, the formation of scabies in the ears.
- Often advanced psoroptosis leads to diseases of the brain of pets. Because of this, they may have significant deviations in the standard functioning of the nervous system
- Unfortunately, there are times when animals do not have typical symptoms of the disease. Only if you carefully observe him, you can notice that the rabbit scratches his ears and is actively moving around his house.
If you notice similar symptoms, contact a specialist to either confirm or refute the alleged diagnosis. He will also tell you how to treat rabbit ears and what to do to prevent these diseases.
But if you are firmly convinced that your pet is suffering precisely from psoroptosis, do the following: In equal proportions, mix turpentine and vegetable oil. Collect the resulting fluid in a syringe, and treat it with all the sore ears in your rabbits. In this case, the main medicine is turpentine. And the oil helps soften the scab and increase the duration of the drug.
In addition, if an ear mite was detected in rabbits, treatment should include the use of medications such as: ciodrin, acrodex, dicresil, psoroptol, etc. They should be used according to the recommendations in the instructions.
In addition to the ear tick in rabbits, frostbite can become the cause of their illness. It occurs under the influence of low temperature. Basically, such parts of the body as limbs and ears are frostbitten in rabbits. Do not forget that at the time of scrolling, a low temperature in the room can lead to frostbite of rabbits, which are not able to tolerate frost.
If you notice that the rabbit has cold, swollen ears that respond to touch, then it has the first stage of frostbite. To relieve further suffering, rub his ears with snow and transfer the animal to a warm room. When his ears are dry, coat them with camphor oil, petroleum jelly, or pork fat.
The second stage of frostbite is manifested by the presence in the ears of rabbits of vesicles filled with liquid. After a while, they burst, and ulcers form in their place. If the rabbit has cold ears and bubbles form in them, try opening them. And it is better to lubricate frost-bitten places with zinc, iodide or camphor ointments.
When the third stage of frostbite occurs, the skin in the affected area wrinkles, dries and soon is torn away. To cure the disease at this stage, the dead skin is removed, and the wound formed in this place is treated like a regular open wound.
To prevent similar diseases of the ears in rabbits, experts recommend warming the cells for the winter. And to make the rabbits even warmer, they put a large amount of straw in them so that the animals can dig into it.
NThere are times when you notice that the rabbit has hot ears. This phenomenon can be observed when the air temperature rises above normal. The animal becomes hot, his body temperature rises. If at the same time the animal eats normally and consumes enough water, it must be moved to a cool place. But when you notice that he has become lethargic and motionless, you need to contact your veterinarian.
If the rabbit has hot ears, but its behavior has not changed, create an optimal temperature for it to exist. It should be between 20 and 27 degrees. Under these conditions, your animal will feel most comfortable.
If rabbits have bumps on their ears, then your pet was attacked by a serious illness. myxomatosis. This is a viral infection that often leads to the death of pets. During the disease, the bumps often reach the size of a pigeon egg. With timely, proper treatment, after two weeks they are necrotic. And if the animal recovers, the foci of necrosis within a month completely heal. But at the same time, the rabbit still remains the carrier of this dangerous disease.
The main preventive measure of the disease is vaccination. It must be carried out on the 45th day of the pet’s life. To consolidate the result, after three months the vaccination is done again. Veterinarians advise you to treat the disease with antibiotics and immunomodulators. An iodine solution for treating wounds is also useful. This disease of the ears in rabbits significantly weakens their immunity. Therefore, after complete recovery, the animal is left in quarantine for three months.
Purulent otitis media
Purulent otitis media is also considered a very dangerous disease of rabbits. With untimely or insufficient treatment, the disease becomes chronic and becomes a cause of complications in the brain. And this can lead to the death of the pet.
Symptoms of purulent otitis media in rabbits:
- The animal scratches the ear for a long time, shakes its head, tilts it to the sides.
- The rabbit’s ears are very festering.
- The pet does not respond adequately to touching the ears.
- The rabbit looks tired, loses its appetite.
Symptoms of otitis media are very similar to those caused by an ear mite in rabbits. Therefore, to make the correct diagnosis, it will not be superfluous to consult a veterinarian. After all, these two diseases are treated completely differently, and improperly selected drugs can aggravate the condition of the animal. If the pet has really purulent otitis media, it needs to drip anti-inflammatory drops in its ears to relieve itching and pain.
The causes of the disease are: decreased immunity, hypothermia, trauma in the head, malnutrition, allergies, the presence of parasites in the body.
If you find any symptoms of ear disease in rabbits, you should be properly diagnosed and treatment should be started immediately. It is also necessary to conduct an examination of the remaining animals, and to prevent the occurrence of the disease in them, take preventive measures.