Breeding rabbits has been very popular lately. As a popular joke says, "rabbits are not only valuable fur, but also 3-4 kilograms of dietary, easily digestible meat."
Well, on top of everything, there are lovers of decorative rabbits, for whom these cute animals become true friends. Like any living thing, these pussies can get sick from time to time. The article will focus on possible eye diseases in rabbits, on how to prevent, recognize in time and how to treat.
Existing rabbit eye diseases
The eyes of nature in rabbits are endowed with the ability to view almost 360 degrees around. This feature helps the animals in time to see the approach of the enemy in time. Therefore, the organ of vision is extremely important for these animals. Eye diseases in rabbits can be divided into three categories:
- caused by birth defects;
- infectious nature;
- inflammatory diseases;
Depending on the treatment selected. Sometimes treatment is possible only through surgery. In some cases, the animal is subject only to euthanasia.
Existing Rabbit Eye Disease
How to treat conjunctivitis if the eyes are watery, fester and sour?
A fairly common eye disease in humans is also found in our smaller brothers. Conjunctivitis in rabbits is both bacterial and infectious, as well as allergic. Depending on the type of disease, treatment is selected. The allergic type occurs against the background of allergies, the main symptom that distinguishes this type from other forms is the presence of itching.
It is treated with antihistamines, which are selected by the veterinarian. Infectious arises due to the ingress of small particles into the eye. Often, the inflammatory process occurs against the background of a lack of vitamin A. With this form, swelling and redness of the mucous membrane are observed, the eye is intensively watery. Handle a diseased organ of vision should be a weak solution of boric acid or manganese.
Purulent conjunctivitis is caused by pathogenic bacteria. In rabbits, fester or sour eyes, with the running form, the animal is not able to open its eyelids. Treatment requires rinsing with antiseptic solutions in order to remove accumulated pus, as well as antibacterial treatment as directed by a doctor. Usually, an antibiotic is taken after a resistance test is taken.
What to do with myxomatosis?
This disease refers to species caused by birth defects. It manifests itself as purulent conjunctivitis, the formation of tumors on the nose is possible. With this diagnosis, the upper eyelid is not of the usual form, but wavy. In this case, improper eyelash growth provokes inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Usually observed in rabbits up to 14 days of age. The treatment consists in the plastic surgery of the eyelid. The reasons for the appearance of such anomalies have not been established. There are suggestions that this is justified by a genetic predisposition. Another version is that some other unexplored species of bacteria or viruses causes a similar mutation.
Myxomatosis in rabbits
The causes of the disease may include diabetes mellitus, especially in individuals of advanced age, bacteria, as well as encephalitis. Symptoms include clouding of the eye lens. It is treated depending on the causes.
An ailment against a background of increased intraocular pressure. The only evidence of this is the bulge of the eye itself. The condition is very painful, visual acuity is impaired, more common in old rabbits, but in some cases it can be congenital. Most often, the affected organ must be removed, in more rare cases, maintenance therapy is prescribed.
You might also be interested in the following rabbit-related articles:
Corneal inflammation. With this ailment, the cornea becomes cloudy, a sick animal has photophobia and purulent discharge, tearing. Treatment is carried out using antibacterial ointments or antiseptic cleansing solutions. In addition, anesthetic is used.
The causes of the disease can be in head injuries, infections of a viral or bacterial type. The disease can be chronic. Symptoms include an increase in the pupil in size against the background of photophobia, swelling of the iris and lacrimation.
With a chronic form, the appearance of an adhesive process of the iris and lens, inflammation of the retina. It is treated using anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as atropine-based products to eliminate adhesions.
How to cure exophthalmos?
Certain ophthalmic diseases of rabbits can be associated with teeth. Why is this happening? So, dental inflammation against the background of improperly sharpened teeth in these animals leads to exophthalmos, an ailment in which the eyeballs literally go out of their orbits. The only possible way to alleviate the condition of the animal in this case is to remove the affected organ of vision, as well as the tooth, contributing to the development of the problem.
The inflammatory process due to obstruction of the lacrimal canal is called dacryocystitis. Often found in young rabbits. In newborn animals, the problem goes away, as a rule, by itself, with good care.
In the blocked lacrimal canal, pathogenic bacteria begin active life, as a result of which pus often stands out from under the eyelid. As a treatment, drops with an antiseptic effect are used to inhibit the growth of bacteria.
Why does a corneal ulcer occur?
Most often, corneal ulcers occur due to mechanical damage. For example, during a fight with other animals, but there are other reasons that only a qualified veterinarian can accurately establish. For example, ulcers may be the result of chronic blepharoconjunctivitis.
With a corneal ulcer, damage to the corneal epithelium is visible to the naked eye. The process is accompanied by swelling of the eyelids, tearing. In the absence of adequate therapy, organ loss can occur within a few days.
Epiphora is similar in symptoms to dacryocystitis. With this ailment, a blockage of the lacrimal canal is observed. Often the inflammatory process is caused by excessive growth of the roots of the teeth, namely the incisors, which results in the blockage of the nasolacrimal passages. Some birth defects can also lead to the disease, for example, inversion of the eyelids, abnormal growth of cilia.
Medical appointments by a veterinarian are made on the basis of the cause of the disease. In the event that the problem is due to improper tooth growth, the teeth must be removed. In other cases, lacrimal ducts are washed, antibacterial therapy is prescribed.
Prevention of rabbit eye disease at home
How to cure eye diseases in a rabbit at home? To prevent ophthalmic problems in animals, it is recommended that we approach the issues of keeping rabbits with all responsibility. A number of basic rules that must be followed by the breeder of these cute and affectionate animals:
- Placement of a cell with eared tetrapods in a zone without drafts.
- Complete nutrition rich in vitamins and minerals, in particular, food enriched with vitamin A.
- Timely vaccination.
Now you know what to do if the rabbit has swollen or festering eyes and bumps appear on the ears. The health of rabbits largely depends on how much the owner invests in efforts related to love and care for his pet.
Good care, timely preventive measures and sincere affection for a four-legged eared friend are the key to a long and healthy life of a puss. The main thing to remember is that we are responsible for those we tamed