Rabbits flanders. the oldest breed, standing out against the background of other impressive sizes and considerable weight, is widespread throughout the world and is loved by almost all rabbit breeders for excellent physical performance.
The history of the appearance of the flanders breed
Bred back in the 18-19th century as a result of breeding work, it is still the subject of a debate among scientists about the first country in which it appeared. Argentina? Germany? France? Or Belgium?
According to some versions, flanders are descendants of Patagonian brethren imported from Argentina in the 16-17th century by Dutch sailors, and got their name in honor of the Belgian province of Flanders.
In any case, the flanks are the favorites of Americans (and not only), as well as the founders of many other breeds (German, Belgian, Spanish, etc.).
Description of rabbits breed flanders
Flandre rabbits are very massive and somewhat awkward animals. Their body weight ranges from 6 to 10 kg; sometimes this figure reaches 12 kg. Wide fleshy ears, the average length of which is about 19 cm, and the shape resembles burdock leaves, give these creatures a cute, homely look that encourages communication. In addition, the benevolent and sociable nature of the flanders has this to do with it. Because such a large animal that perfectly understands a person and is able to get along with children, people often start for decorative purposes.
Flandre rabbits are characterized by a large head, large cheeks, a wide chest (in the girth of 35-42 cm), strong thick limbs, a well-developed curved body, the length of which is 65-70 cm. The coat is thick and dense, the height of the fur hair is 3.5 see. The color of the flanders has several shades, but on average ranges from gray (habitual hare) to sand-brown or black.
Another distinguishing feature is the color of the claws, which always coincides with the main coat color.
Disadvantages and advantages of the breed
Like any breed, flander rabbits are endowed with certain advantages and disadvantages. The main advantages of these pretty giants are:
- high adaptability;
- invulnerability to diseases and temperature extremes;
- high fecundity and vitality of rabbits;
- balanced temper.
The disadvantages of the breed include:
- Gluttony. Giant rabbits are constantly hungry, so people who decide to breed them will need plenty of food.
- A small yield of meat. Despite the impressive weight, there is not much meat from these giants (about 55% of the total body weight), which is significantly lower compared to other breeds.
- The poor quality of the skin, due to the high density of the hair, its uneven growth and a small amount of fluff.
- Underdevelopment or congenital curvature of the limbs, which occurs quite often.
Breeders are carefully working to improve the quality of the flanders, trying to minimize the flaws present.
Proper maintenance, rational nutrition, quality care are the main indicators that affect the quality of the breed and determine the receipt of good healthy offspring.
Feeding rabbits breed flanders
Rabbits flanders, the breeding of which is not particularly difficult, are omnivorous, however, for their proper development and growth, a complete balanced feed is required. Daily feeding should be two-time and consist of grain, animal feed (grain mixtures), vegetables (pumpkin, potatoes), wet mash, hay; in summer, the main food is green grass.
To prepare feed, it is necessary to combine 2 buckets of wheat or barley, 1 bucket of sunflower meal, 1 bucket of corn, 4 buckets of oats. 2 kg of dry compound feed is added to a bucket of wet mash, into which it is recommended to add 2 teaspoons of Biomycin (an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of pathogens of various diseases and stimulates the growth of animals), 5 teaspoons of fortified bone meal and 3 teaspoons of salt.
It is such a nutritious food that will ensure the proper functioning of the digestive system and prevent the occurrence of diseases in rabbits. For lactating females, the diet should be increased 2 times.
Rabbit flanders: content
Flandre rabbits must be kept in spacious cages, the standard sizes of which are 1208060. For females with given offspring. a little more: 18011060. Cages should be equipped with feeders and drinking bowls with constantly clean water. the key to the health of any animal.
Giant Rabbit Care
Regular cleaning is required in the cells, because the breed is very picky about the conditions of detention. The Belgian Flanders rabbit feels great outdoors; its immune system is resistant to various respiratory diseases, but timely preventive vaccinations are necessary. If you detect the slightest signs of an animal’s disease (lethargy, the appearance of tumors, refusal to eat, trembling or itching), an immediate veterinarian is required.
Rabbits flanders: breeding
The ability to bear children in flanders. rabbits of one of the highly productive breeds. occurs at the age of 8-9 months, which is quite late in comparison with other breeds. Male rabbits are ready for reproduction at 4 months. Rabbits, whose dignity is high milkiness, are considered very responsible mothers: they take care of rabbits carefully and carefully care for them. The average litter usually ranges from 6 to 8 goals, but, as elsewhere, there are pleasant exceptions, and the female can become a mother of 12-16 rabbits. Young animals with good care gain weight very quickly and, as they say, grows by leaps and bounds. Two-month-old babies reach 2 kilograms, three-month-olds. 3.5 kg, and five-month-old rabbits weigh 5 kg. That is, the average monthly gain is about one kilogram.
Principles of Right Choice
How to choose a flander rabbit? There are several tips that the future owner of a handsome giant should pay attention to.
Firstly, it is advisable to purchase rabbits in specialized rabbit farms, where they are under the careful supervision of specialists, receive professional care, the necessary vaccinations, proper nutrition and proper maintenance. When choosing, it is necessary to pay attention to the appearance of the animal: the rabbit must be mobile, have a healthy peppy appearance, a shiny coat, good appetite, clean eyes and nose.