One of the hallmarks of keeping pets is the fact that skin diseases in rabbits lead to a deterioration in their health and loss of all hair.
The provoking factors that cause the appearance of skin defects are: an increase in the noise background, malnutrition, hormonal imbalances.
Causes of defects in integumentary tissues in domestic animals
Infectious skin diseases in eared pets arise as a result of infection with fungi spreading over the entire cover of animals.
Pathogenic microorganisms infect rabbits kept in violation of hygiene requirements. The infection spreads very quickly if young individuals are kept in a cramped, dirty flooring, which is an excellent breeding ground for the development of microorganisms. Unfortunately, often the infection is transmitted from a sick host to an animal.
Provoking factors that cause the appearance of skin defects are:
- conflict situations of individuals with other animals;
- increase in background noise;
- malnutrition of rabbits;
- hormonal disorders;
- concomitant diseases.
Often rabbits become infected with lice, lice, fleas and ticks. In a sick animal, parasites located on the wool are found, and an intolerable itch begins to torment the rabbit. In places of bites, dense nodules or blood-red swelling are formed.
Eczema in young individuals
As a result of exposure to a variety of allergic factors in eared pets, inflammation of the skin appears. The causes of eczema are diverse:
- exposure to chemical irritants;
- animal friction on cage rods;
- infection with scabies mite.
The animal is concerned about the appearance on the skin of areas with a wet surface, covered with scabs, weight loss, poor general health.
You should not treat your pet yourself. at the first sign of an illness, you should seek the advice of a veterinarian. On the recommendation of a doctor, they eliminate the irritant that caused the onset of eczema. Having identified the cause, they use ointment with hormones for treatment, a solution of brilliant green, drying formulations with zinc and xeroform.
For skin diseases in rabbits, the appearance of a yellow crust on the back is characteristic if a tick has settled in the wool. Eczematous rashes can occur on the face of the animal.
Eczema in the form of crusts often appears in the rabbit’s ear. The disease responds well to treatment, and regular examinations of pets prevent the onset of the disease.
Dermatitis: how to cope with the disease?
Herbal decoctions in the treatment of dermatitis in rabbits.
Sensible suffering to the animal is caused by ulcers and fistulas on the lower extremities. Subdermatitis occurs in overweight rabbits and individuals over 3 months of age.
The appearance of the disease is associated with poor pet maintenance, violation of sanitary standards, irritating effect of feces. In the initial stage of the disease, peeling of the skin on the legs of the animal appears, cracks occur, corns form.
As a result of infection in rabbits, weeping fistulas and ulcers appear, leading to death. The paws of the animal are deprived of hair, corns appear, blood cells appear, and the general condition of the animal worsens. However, correctly selected treatment allows you to save the life of the animal.
The wound surface is cleaned of purulent discharge, the cavity is disinfected with iodine or hydrogen peroxide. For dressings, Vishnevsky ointment or special veterinary preparations are used, and decoctions of medicinal herbs are also used.
Furunculosis. a dangerous complication after the septic process
With a significant variety of skin diseases in rabbits, furunculosis is most common: more often the exposed parts of the animal’s body are affected. The disease occurs as a result of damage to the integrity of the skin during the development of hypovitaminosis and metabolic disorders. In addition, it is extremely important that timely treatment of the disease is started. The furuncle is opened operatively. In medical practice, treatment of the affected area with disinfectant solutions, ultraviolet irradiation, and the application of ointment dressings are often used.
With the development of the inflammatory process, the use of antibacterial drugs, the appointment of vitamin complexes are recommended.
What is furunculosis that occurs in rabbits?
The disease is characterized by a relapsing course and is difficult to treat with symptomatic agents. It is sad, but, despite the timely assistance, animals die from a severe degree of furunculosis, accompanied by weakness, fever.
As for the prevention of the disease, it can be different. Eliminate the causes of the disease, carry out vitamin therapy and treat wounds with disinfectants.
When an abscess occurs, there is a threat to the life of animals.
The question of how an abscess occurs in young pets is a natural one, because they are more enduring than older individuals.
Rabbit breeders note that external abscesses result from damage to the mucous membrane after a bite, bruise, or wound. An abscess of the mammary gland in a female appears after an organ injury with rabbit teeth. However, most purulent cavities are formed under the influence of the growth of staphylococcal colonies: they form a white, creamy substance in the wound. External abscesses occur on the cheeks, nape, neck, back of the animal after infection of a wound, deep bite, puncture of the skin with contaminated objects.
Multiple abscesses resulting from the spread of microorganisms through lymph and blood are characteristic of rabbit skin diseases.
Can a sick animal be helped? Of course, it is possible and necessary. First of all, the prognosis of the disease should be determined. In most cases, it is favorable if treatment is carried out in a timely manner.
In the case of an abscess in the lower jaw, surgery should be performed followed by long-term antibiotic therapy and painkillers. External abscesses on the scalp are treated successfully if the disease is diagnosed in time.
Proper treatment of burns in rabbits
The benefits of soda solution in the treatment of burns in rabbits.
An accidental injury that could not be avoided causes a lot of suffering to the pet. Burns to the skin occur less frequently than injuries caused by bites and fights.
Thermal burns of the cornea contribute to the formation of ulcers, which can be treated within 3 weeks after they appear. With thermal damage, depending on the degree of burn, there is a violation of the integrity of the skin, tissue swelling, redness, blistering, sweat gland defect, carbonization of tissues.
To treat burns, the doctor prescribes treatment with tanning compounds, and uses various ointments, many of which contain antibiotics. To neutralize a chemical burn, a soda solution is used, and alkalis are destroyed with acetic acid.
There is another type of burn. electrical injury arising from the contact of a rabbit with exposed wires. As a result of such damage, the animal is in serious condition: it lies motionless, the pulse is rare, breathing is difficult. To save the rabbit, in addition to treating the burn surface, cardiac stimulants and anticonvulsants are administered.
Frostbite and its treatment in rabbits
If the animal is in adverse conditions for a long time, at a low temperature, it develops a fairly common disease. frostbite of the limbs and ears. Depending on the degree of damage, the skin is red or blisters. Multiple bubbles burst, forming bleeding wounds that heal for many months.
Treatment for frostbite lasts quite a long time and depends on the degree of damage to the skin. To restore lost functions in the first degree of injury, the damaged areas are greased with a greasy cream. The burn bladder is opened, then the wound surface is treated with ointment. In the third stage of frostbite, dead tissue is removed and the wound is treated until it is completely healed. The appearance of skin diseases in rabbits should be treated with full responsibility to prevent adverse effects on the animal’s health.