Each owner tries to get good gains in live weight of his rabbits. He takes good care of pets, trying to protect them from defeat by various diseases. Despite this, animals can get one of the diseases. In our article, we will talk about what lichen in a rabbit is, how to diagnose this dangerous disease and how to deal with it.
Symptoms of ailment
The cause of the appearance of lichen on the skin of the animal are considered parasitic fungi. The scientific name for ringworm disease has other names for veterinarians. Depending on the type of fungus, the disease may be called trichophytosis or microsporia.
Many animals, including rabbits, can become infected with a fungal disease. This ailment can quickly spread throughout the farm, as the infection is transmitted pointwise through direct contact between sick and healthy animals.
Lichen in rabbits is especially dangerous in the following situations:
- the animal is weakened through a lack of nutrients in the body or after suffering a disease;
- skin lesions of various degrees, wounds, scratches, etc.;
- Incorrect pet conditions.
If the animal has become infected with lichen for any reason, the owner should be especially attentive during treatment. The fact is that on the wool of diseased animals there are spores of a pathogenic fungus that can transmit the infection to healthy individuals, including through the contact of the rabbit breeder with other representatives of the rabbit family.
Important! When working with sick animals, it is recommended to use gloves.
The main symptom of lichen is the itching of the affected areas of the skin, the rabbit will itch at the site of the lesion with the fungus, which should alert the owner and serve as a signal for immediate treatment. In a predominant number of cases, itching appears on the back of the head, behind the ears and on the feet of the animal. In these parts of the body, the skin is more sensitive, here it has a minimum thickness, which creates favorable conditions for the development of fungal spores. Some time after the primary lesion, lichen grows in area, it can appear on the entire surface of the skin of the head, and also move to other parts of the animal’s body.
The name of the disease ringworm was invented for a reason. During the parasitization of fungi in animals, shreds of wool begin to fall out, in some parts of the body the animal becomes bald, so it needs to be examined for damage. In the predominant number of cases, areas with fallen hair are made, the skin here is flaky and dried. In some areas, the skin becomes red, which occurs through intensive combing of wounds to animals.
At the initial stage, bubble sores appear in the affected areas, they cause itching, stimulating the animal to comb this place. Due to the active actions of the animal, a secondary lesion occurs, after scratching, the infection is transferred to other areas of the skin. If his relatives are in a cage with a sick rabbit, then ringworm will soon appear in them.
Note! Constant ongoing itching causes discomfort in animals.
They refuse food, clog into the far corner of the cell and are not particularly active. Sick animals quickly lose weight, become lethargic and restless.
Diagnosis and treatment
Only timely medical care can prevent the intense spread of ringworm in the household. In this regard, the owner of the animals must constantly monitor their behavior, conduct a periodic examination of the skin, pay attention to the facts of scabies. At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to urgently call a veterinarian.
According to experts, from the appearance of the fungus on the skin of animals to the appearance of the first signs of the disease, it takes 10 to 15 days. In some cases, the defeat of trichophytosis occurs without any visible symptoms, the animals feel great, are active. If the owner of the animals noticed the facts of contact between healthy and sick animals, then all the animals present in the cage must be shown to the veterinarian. A specialist will examine the animals and give recommendations for eliminating the disease.
Experienced veterinarians can determine the presence of ringworm on the rabbit’s body without special equipment, but laboratory tests are advisable to accurately confirm the disease.
The most popular method of such an analysis is taking samples from the affected area.
Specialists will take scraped tissue and study its structure under special equipment, a microscope.
For diagnosis, depriving at the initial stage of development, you can use another way, examining the rabbit under a special device, a Wood lamp. In this case, the fact that parasites absorb a certain amount of phosphorus from the surrounding space is taken into account. This chemical element begins to glow in the dark under the influence of special lighting. The method under consideration does not always give a 100% diagnosis of the disease, so this examination is combined with a laboratory study.
To cure the rabbit from the disease in question, you can use a huge amount of medications. The most popular medicines for lichen are Wakderm and Rabivak.
In affected areas, these solutions are treated, and part of the hair near the foci of infection needs to be sheared. The wool taken from the rabbit is not thrown away, but burned, only in this way can the further spread of the infection be prevented.
To soften dry skin, the affected areas are treated with laundry soap. For this purpose, iodine of 5% concentration and salicylic acid can also be used. A good result can be achieved by treating wounds with Trichothecin, which was previously mixed with fish oil.
Prevention of the disease in question is to maintain cleanliness in the cell, the rabbit breeder must constantly remove feces and food debris. Two or three times a month, a general cleaning is carried out with disinfection of the cell walls, it is also necessary to handle feeders and drinking bowls.
The diseased animal is quarantined for 15-20 days. It is necessary to approach the destruction of the fungus with all responsibility, this parasite is not afraid of exposure to high temperatures and some disinfectants. Therefore, the processing of cells must be carried out using antiseptics several times in a row. A good effect is the use of an ultraviolet lamp.
Preventive action will help prevent depriving rabbits, so always cleanse the cells of feces and other contaminants, and monitor animals. If you suspect infection, contact your veterinarian.