The eyes of rabbits are slightly different in structure from the human organs of vision. Animals are able to see much more thanks to the extended angle of view. This ability allows you to navigate in the wild and timely hide from enemies. Healthy eyes are characterized by brilliance, full opening of the eyelids.
In rabbits, eye diseases are caused infectious, inflammatory processes, injuries, or congenital malformations. Early detection of symptoms increases the chances of animals recovering quickly. Therefore, at the first signs of pathology, it is necessary to start treatment. Consider why festering eyes and how to deal with eye pathologies.
How to recognize eye disease
A healthy rabbit has clean, shiny and wide-open eyes.
Eye diseases in rabbits are easily detected.
- Usually lacrimation begins, redness, clouding of the cornea is noted, the pet is itchy.
- Many diseases lead to purulent processes and souring of the eyes.
- When there are any symptoms of damage to the organs of vision it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. He will help to correctly determine the cause of the disease and prescribe a course of treatment.
Signs of conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes can be caused by conjunctivitis.
With conjunctivitis, redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes occurs.
- The animal is observed redness of the eyelids, swelling and lacrimation.
- Rabbit starts scratch your eyes, squint them.
- The disease is characterized by the appearance of thick purulent secret , causing eyelids to stick together and inability to open eyes. This is considered a sign of a purulent form of conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis is most acute in young animals.
The causes of conjunctivitis include:
- contact with debris, hay, sawdust;
- infectious diseases. pasteurellosis and myxomatosis;
- eye irritation from a high concentration of ammonia in the air;
- allergic reactions;
- incorrect location of the cell (in a draft).
To eliminate conjunctivitis, it is necessary to wash the sticking eyelids. To do this, use a weak solution of manganese or boric acid.
For treatment, drops are used against inflammation.
Drops will help relieve inflammation ( Ciprovet, Gentamicin, Albucid ) An infectious disease requires the use of antibiotics, and with allergies, antihistamines are additionally prescribed.
Conjunctivitis caused by vitamin deficiency can be treated the appointment of fish oil and the introduction of fresh herbs, vegetables. For washing, use a decoction of chamomile.
Symptoms with uveitis
Uveitis causes injuries, parasites and infectious diseases. With trauma, the inflammatory process affects only the damaged eye. If the cause of uveitis is an infection, mucosal inflammation is noted in both eyes.
Signs of infectious uveitis in rabbits.
If there is a blurred eyeball in a pet, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. The following symptoms may indicate uveitis:
- decrease in eye pressure;
- adhesive processes;
- lens changes;
- visual impairment;
The course of therapy includes the use of hormonal and antibacterial agents. For instillation, drops with atropine are prescribed.
Keratitis and its symptoms
Keratitis is a frequent companion of conjunctivitis, in the advanced stage it can go into a corneal ulcer.
Factors for the occurrence of keratitis are:
- injury to the eyeball;
- blockage of the lacrimal canals.
In case of a disease, the common symptoms are:
- the appearance of clouding and film on the cornea;
- high photosensitivity;
- purulent and lacrimal discharge;
- squinting eyes.
For treating the eyes in rabbits, the same drops are usually used as for dogs and cats.
Use regular eye washings with potassium permanganate, furatsilin, instill in drops Tsiprovet, Tsiprolet , use ointments ( boric, hydrocortisone, tetracycline ) and antibiotics.
The danger of cataracts
Age-related changes lead to clouding of the lens, which is the first sign of cataract development.
With cataracts in the rabbit, the eye lens becomes cloudy.
But also the disease can provoke parasites. Cataract in animals leads to loss of vision, therefore treatment is required.
- For aging animals use drops Quinax.
- To eliminate parasitic diseases prescribed Albendazole, Fenbendazole other anthelmintic agents.
With exophthalmos, eyeballs bulge.
Pathology develops against the background of abnormal development of teeth or their grinding. A developing abscess is located behind the eyeball and begins to put pressure on it. The eye gradually protrudes from its orbit, the eyelids cease to close.
Violation of the blinking process leads to the drying of the shell of the eye. Against this background, an ulcer on the cornea appears that is not treatable.
This disease requires surgical treatment. The tooth that caused the protrusion and the eye are removed.
Epiphora and its signs
Abundant lacrimation with epiphora.
The following factors cause increased tear or epiphora:
- inflammatory processes in the lacrimal sac;
- overlapping ducts of the lacrimal canal;
- inverted eyelid;
- the huge roots of the incisors, leading to pressure or blocking of the tear ducts.
Epiphora is indicated by increased lacrimation.
Regular rinsing is required to eliminate eye irritation.
If the cause of the disease is the teeth, use surgical removal. In this case, antibiotic therapy is prescribed.
Inflamed eyes can warn of a danger such as myxomatosis.
The disease begins with the eyes, passing to the eyelids and ears of the pet.
The disease is manifested by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, which develops into conjunctivitis.
In this case, crusts may form around the eyes.
Nodules appear on the ears that tend to disappear and return again.
Ulcers and bumps can appear on different parts of the body, but most of them occur in the area of the eyes and ears.
It is necessary to start treatment immediately, otherwise you can lose your pet or the entire population.
To prevent myxomatosis, vaccination must be carried out, which is very effective when administered before the onset of the disease.
Even with timely initiation of therapy, the likelihood of death is high. The virus that causes myxomatosis is carried by fleas and other blood-sucking insects. Further from the sick pet, the remaining rabbits are infected. The virus manifests itself through 5-10 days after ingestion.
- For treatment, special drugs are used in the form of injections: Baytril, Gamavit.
- Ear ulcers treated with iodine.
A veterinarian reveals glaucoma. This disease is accompanied by high intraocular pressure , what becomes the cause over time vision loss. The development of glaucoma can be suspected by the appearance of a bulge on the eyeball.
Supportive therapy is used, in advanced cases it is necessary to remove the affected eye.
The advanced stage of glaucoma, in which treatment is most often ineffective.
Damage to the cornea is caused by diseases of the eyelids, eye injuries and infectious diseases. Corneal inflammation can be suspected by the corresponding symptoms:
- increased lacrimation;
- cramps that prevent the full opening of the eyelids;
- development of uevita.
Corneal tissue may die and various defects may appear.
With mechanical damage to the eye, it is likely that it will lose due to leakage.
In case of injuries, you must contact a veterinary clinic. After surgical treatment, drops with an antibiotic are prescribed ( Cephalexin ) and means for restoring the tissues of the eye ( Taufon, Korneregel )
Signs of Dacryocystitis
The disease occurs due to the close location of the tear ducts, nasal passages and the roots of the incisors.
Causes and symptoms
Pus appears in the rabbit’s eyes, tearing increases.
The causes are inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, the closure of the lacrimal canals by the overgrown roots of the teeth. Under unsanitary conditions, high ammonia levels in the air, bacteria can become infected Pasteurella multocida , leading to pastorellosis. A secondary disease is dacryocystitis.
Its main symptoms are thick white pus and increased tearing.
Use drops with an anti-inflammatory effect. For gum disease, treatment by a veterinarian is necessary.
Rabbit eye diseases lead to vision loss, therefore, if their symptoms are identified, you should consult a veterinarian and take a course of treatment.