Rabbit breeders often encounter diseases of the ears of pets. And often novice farmers are interested in when a rabbit’s ears hurt. how to treat? Today we will talk about ear ailments of toothy herbivores. This article will discuss the most pressing issues: the causes of diseases, the symptoms of each disease, methods of treatment with medicines or folk remedies. It will also give recommendations on what preventive measures will prevent ear diseases in rabbits.
Bark in the ears of a rabbit. possible causes
The ears of herbivores contain many blood vessels, which makes them a target of parasites. Often the appearance of scabs is a sign of the development of ear scabies caused by a tick.
Rabbit Ear Disease
However, in some cases, crusts are a symptom of an infectious disease. Scab is formed at the site of bursting of blisters and drying of purulent secretions.
Herbivore’s Ear Diseases
Ear diseases of rabbits are often accompanied by similar symptoms, which makes it difficult to make a correct diagnosis.
You can determine the disease by the behavior of the pet:
- the rabbit shakes its ears;
- friction with ears on the surface;
- general weakness;
- loss of appetite;
- decreased reproductive function;
- unnatural position of the head;
- falling ears;
Rabbit Ear Drop
How to recognize a disease
After the manifestation of the first signs, the eared one must be shown to the veterinarian. You can recognize the disease at home.
There are four ear diseases in rabbits.
Psoroptosis (ear scabies)
Tick infectious disease. The insect lives in the ear canal, at first it is difficult to detect.
The disease can be recognized by the main symptom. the appearance on the surface of the auditory organs of scales, acne and abscesses, which, when bursting, secrete pus. Dried purulent discharge becomes bark, causing the pet discomfort.
Psoroptosis can also be recognized by swelling of the ears, scabs may appear on the affected areas. The temperature of the hearing organs becomes higher than that of the body.
To view the tick use a magnifying glass. Often the parasite is transmitted from the rabbit to the rabbit, adult pets become sick after contact with sick individuals.
Important! It is necessary to immediately begin treatment in order to reduce the suffering of the eared and prevent further transmission of the parasite.
Purulent otitis media
Viral disease. At the initial stage, it is very difficult to distinguish from ear scabies due to similar symptoms. Errors in diagnosis are fraught with brain damage and the death of a pet.
Important! The disease develops behind the eardrum, so a visual examination does not reveal its presence.
The main symptom is purulent discharge, spreading throughout the auricle. You can also recognize the disease by the malfunction of the vestibular apparatus. the eared one may begin to run into objects, its head will swing from time to time, its eyes will constantly rotate or look exclusively horizontally.
Frostbite of ears
Decorative rabbits are very gentle animals, so being in cold rooms often leads to frostbite of the hearing organs.
Symptoms: lowering of the temperature of the ears, swelling, pain, blisters, drying out and flaking of the epithelium.
A serious illness in which the herbivore forms hard bumps on the ears.
At the first sign of a disease, the animal must be quarantined immediately. The next step should be a specialist consultation. It is important to recognize the disease in a timely manner and begin its treatment.
A specialist can conduct an examination of a sick pet at home.
Inspection by a specialist
To identify the tick, petroleum jelly, a scraping tool, glass and a magnifying glass are needed. Vaseline is heated to 40 degrees, and then scraped into it. The resulting sample is placed on glass and studied under a magnifying glass. the mowing of ticks is usually clearly visible. This method is suitable if it is not possible to take the pet out for laboratory analysis.
In a rabbit in the ears of a scab. how to treat? To destroy the ear tick, they are comprehensively applied using general and local drugs. It is good to use drugs in the form of foam and aerosol in the fight against psoroptosis:
The drug is sprayed on the affected areas 2-3 times a day, for 5-7 days. The course of treatment is repeated after 7 days.
For the treatment of infections, Baymek or Ivomek 1% solution is used. Drugs are administered using injections, the dose for each animal is individual and is calculated based on its body weight.
The effectiveness of this treatment is that drugs kill not only adult parasites, but also larvae. Often a pet feels better after a couple of days. The drug Dekta also showed himself well. it not only destroys parasites, but also reduces inflammatory processes.
Veterinarians do not recommend treating purulent otitis media at home. Several types of bacteria can cause the disease at once, therefore, before starting treatment, it is necessary to identify pathogens and select the appropriate drugs. Antibiotics Prednosolone and Albendazole are most effective for otitis media, and the doctor should calculate the required dosage.
When frostbite is used Alusprey. The medicine is available in the form of a spray, which simplifies the procedure for its application. The drug is used after treatment of frostbitten areas: elimination of hair, secretions and dried epithelium.
Attention! It is forbidden to treat the herbivore’s ears with alcohol, as well as iodine and brilliant green. Alcohol solutions can burn delicate tissues of the auditory organs.
Why is it important to start timely treatment? Damage to the ears can affect coordination. The animal may die due to the development of complications and the penetration of infection into the brain. Usually, a herbivore can be cured of ear scabies in a week.
With psoroptosis, itching can be reduced and ticks can be eliminated by treating the affected areas with a solution of turpentine, creolin, kerosene and sunflower oil or glycerol, the mixture is made at a rate of 1: 1. To apply the product, a disposable syringe is used, from which the needle is first removed.
Treatment of rabbit ears at home
Then the rabbit’s ears are massaged, and the crusts are removed. Before removing a particularly large scab, the crusts are softened with glycerin and iodine, the mixture is made from a 4: 1 calculation. The solution can be applied to damaged areas every other day.
On a note! For frostbite, goose or pork fat is used. Affected areas are coated with non-salt fat. With severe damage, dry areas are treated with 1% camphor ointment.
Ear Disease Prevention
The rabbit breeder can regularly carry out prophylaxis at home aimed at protecting the animal from the appearance of scabies in the ears.
- place new pets in monthly quarantine;
- add vitamins to food to increase immunity;
- provide comfortable conditions for the maintenance;
- eliminate drafts and humidity;
- maintain temperature conditions;
- comply with sanitary standards;
- treat animals with anthelmintic agents;
- regularly inspect and clean your ears;
- handle cells and equipment with disinfectants.
Important! Experts recommend paying special attention to the treatment of the ears of herbivores. The procedure should be carried out for pregnant rabbits 14 days before the birth.
If the farmer contains a livestock of rabbits, it is important to wash your hands after examining a sick pet. It is forbidden to touch healthy individuals with dirty hands, as this often leads to the transmission of diseases. Protection from the ear tick is the processing of the premises and rabbit equipment twice a year. It is best to take preventive measures in winter, since ticks outside the body of the carrier do not tolerate cold.
Rabbit breeders know that it is better to carry out prophylaxis once again than to treat a pet. Herbivorous tender animals prone to ear disease. Compliance with sanitary standards and ensuring comfortable conditions will protect the pet from infectious diseases, and regular disinfection from ear mites. If a rabbit has a sore in the ear, it is necessary to show it to a specialist and immediately begin treatment.