One of the most important preventive measures against common diseases in the rabbit, both meat and decorative, is vaccination.. In this case, vaccinations usually begin to be done after weaning the rabbits from the mother. To be interested in what vaccines were used for young animals is also required when buying animals. One of the most important vaccinations is against the deadly hemorrhagic rabbit disease of a viral nature, as well as rabies rabies. They will cost the breeder much cheaper than treatment, which, moreover, almost never leads to a successful completion. This article will explain how often and why it is necessary to carry out systematic vaccination against HBVC when keeping both domestic and ornamental rabbits.
When should a rabbit be vaccinated against a viral hemorrhagic disease (HBV)
For the first time, a vaccination against hemorrhagic disease is done to young animals immediately after weaning from the mother. By this time, they usually reach the age of thirty to forty days. For this, a single component, associated or complex preparation may be used. It is necessary to take into account some vaccination rules. Read about vaccinations for decorative rabbits in this article.
Contraindications for use against hemorrhages
Vaccination against viral hemorrhagic disease, both for decorative and ordinary domestic rabbits, has the following contraindications:
- incubation period of the disease;
- recent pathologies of various types, weakened immunity;
- pregnancy and feeding rabbits.
The drug can not be used if the integrity of the package is broken or the expiration date has expired. Before use, it is also recommended to look at its appearance for possible mold. Medication should only be purchased in trusted veterinary pharmacies.
Vaccination is ineffective in the presence of worms in rabbits, as well as failure to comply with the timing of vaccination and revaccination. Use of the drug is also useless for already sick rabbits.
As indicated above, the first vaccine should be delivered to young animals already one and a half months after birth. The second, final dose should be applied already three months after the first. In addition, systematic revaccination is necessary to maintain the quality of protection against hemorrhagic disease and rabies. It is required to be vaccinated every six months from a hemorrhagic disease.
Injections are allowed only in strict sterility among animals that have not yet been ill. If you vaccinate an animal located in the incubation period of a hemorrhagic disease, it will die in three to four days. Therefore, a thorough preliminary examination of rabbits is also important. You should also not be vaccinated if the rabbit has diarrhea.
How to treat diarrhea in rabbits, read this link.
If vaccination against myxomatosis is planned during the same period, vaccination with a drug against HBV should be done either ten days before it, or two weeks after.
Features of aluminum hydroxide tissue vaccine
The anti-HBV drug is an aluminum hydroxide tissue vaccine designed to prevent rabbits from contracting a deadly viral hemorrhagic disease. It is available in the form of a suspension of a white or pinkish tint in glass darkened sterile bottles with a volume of ten to two hundred milliliters. A small amount of sediment is allowed at rest of the bottles. The kit with the drug includes instructions for use with a dosage.
After the first injection of the drug, immunity in rabbits is developed within three days. The effect of vaccination lasts for twelve months.
Read about the treatment of rabbit pasteurellosis in this material.
Lack of appetite in rabbits on the second day after vaccination is normal. However, if it lasts longer than two days, you should contact your veterinarian.
What is a combination vaccine for HBV and rabbit myxomatosis
A combination vaccine is a drug that can provide protection against several diseases at once. So, a complex vaccine against myxomatosis and HBV is often used. The drug is used for intramuscular, intravenous and subcutaneous administration. After vaccination for two to three days, the formation of immunity against myxomatosis and HBV, and the effect of it persists for a year. However, revaccination is recommended every six months.
The complex drug is sold through veterinary pharmacy chains in boxes of two ampoules. Mixing their contents with each other is required only before the direct injection. With the help of the drug, pregnant rabbits can be vaccinated in the early stages, vaccination among nursing females is not recommended.
The use of combined injections is very convenient and beneficial. However, it is important to strictly observe the dosage so as not to aggravate the situation and prevent the death of rabbits. In addition, before the introduction, it is necessary to take into account the state of animal immunity and conduct an examination for the possible presence of pathologies.
Disease vaccination doses
It is best to vaccinate in a veterinary clinic or at home under the supervision of a physician. However, subject to the necessary rules, it is possible to vaccinate yourself, but only after consulting a veterinarian.
Young animals and adults are usually prescribed half a milliliter per head. For this, sterile syringes and needles are used, injections are placed intramuscularly in the thigh or withers, after preliminary fixation of the rabbit. It is recommended that you use someone else’s help when setting your own vaccine, so that you can make the injection faster and more accurate.
It is not recommended to store the opened packaging with the vaccine, it does not matter if the vaccine is for coccidiosis, pasteurellosis or hemorrhagic disease. The shelf life of a suspension diluted with distilled water is no more than three days.
Read about breeding and caring for Karmaly piglets here.
Immediately after vaccination for three to five days, it is recommended that the rabbits be quarantined. During this period, it is important to monitor their well-being and health status.
- The best technique that can protect rabbits from hemorrhagic disease ("hemorrhagic") is vaccination.
- You can get vaccinations for rabbits against HBVC yourself, but it is recommended that you first consult with your veterinarian.
- It is important to ensure sterility during vaccination.
- The use of the vaccine for animals with weakened immunity is fraught with the death of rabbits. When vaccinating pregnant and lactating rabbits, transmission of the virus to rabbits is possible.
- For vaccination, you can use both single-component and complex prophylactic drugs.
Read about vaccination of chickens at home here.