Many rabbit breeders face ear diseases. Inflammation, scabbing, pus, itching, and burning when touched are all common symptoms of several diseases. How to determine, distinguish, prevent ear sores in rabbits and what treatment is needed will be discussed in detail in the proposed article.
The main diseases of the ears in rabbits
Rabbits are keenly aware of the surrounding reality thanks to their long ears. They determine the general condition of the pet’s body.
However, this organ is less protected from various diseases and infections, that is, parasites are attracted, so ears need careful care. Diseases, including rabbit psoroptosis, which can affect the ear cavity, need a thorough examination and comprehensive treatment.
Psoroptosis is an infectious disease. The causative agent is the Psoroptes cuniculi tick of yellow or brown color, round or oval in shape. A tick lives on the skin of the auricle, therefore, in the initial stages, with a quick visual examination of the ears, it is very difficult to detect.
One of the symptoms of the disease is flakes and small abscesses appear on the skin of the inner surface of the ears. The abscesses burst, the released pus dries up, causing the skin to turn into scab, which causes severe pain to the rabbits.
Severe psoroptosis is detected visually. The rabbit’s ears in the affected areas swell, become covered with scabs and ulcers, become hotter than the main body mass.
The size of the ticks is small, therefore, if desired, it can be seen through a magnifying glass. If a tick is found, there is no doubt that pet scabies is also a common name for psoroptosis.
For processing, an ordinary plastic syringe without a needle is used. The solution is applied to the crust, after a thorough massage, the crust should be separated and removed from the auricle. The procedure will reduce the suffering of the pet by an order of magnitude.
Purulent otitis media
It is problematic to distinguish from purulent otitis media from psoroptosis in the initial stages, since the primary symptoms are identical. Otitis also refers to viral diseases, untimely detection and treatment of this disease leads to damage to the brain and a perishing shell.
Progressive otitis media is also noticeable by violations of the vestibular apparatus. The rabbit can stumble on the objects located, the head makes unnatural movements from side to side, as if swaying. The eyes of a sick rabbit make constant movements, rotating or moving strictly horizontally.
Frostbite of ears
Symptoms of frostbite are easily noticeable:
- The ears are cold, swell, hurt when touched;
- The presence of blisters that burst, forming purulent ulcers is a sign of severe frostbite. Subsequently, the skin dries up and exfoliates, forming open wounds.
The ears of rabbits are tender, so keeping them in cold rooms is fraught with frostbite on the limbs or ears.
This disease affects all representatives of the order rabbit, including rabbits. The causative agent of this disease is the Myxomatosis cuniculorum virus.
The carriers of the virus are blood-sucking parasites (bugs, mosquitoes, rabbit fleas), as well as rodents. The latent (incubation) period lasts from 7 to 18 days.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
- The temperature can rise to 41 degrees, then return to normal.
- The eyes are watery, purulent clots appear on them, as in conjunctivitis.
- Tumors appear on the body, growing to the size of a pigeon egg.
- Gelatinous edema may occur on the genitals and head.
- Ears drop in rabbits, folds appear on the scalp.
- The oral cavity becomes inflamed. This symptom is accompanied by purulent discharge, wheezing.
It is very important to maintain the optimum temperature in the room where the rabbits live. Unsuitable temperature for them can lead to various diseases of the ears of pets. The optimum temperature in the room should be within 19-27 degrees.
Be sure to quarantine the rabbits before you run them to the rest: you will be convinced that there is no need to fear for their health.
People often ask: why does a rabbit have hot ears? The fact is that mainly through the ears the animal discharges excess heat from its body, thus struggling with overheating. But sometimes this natural cooling system does not help, and the animal may suffer from heat stroke.
Symptoms of overheating:
- the animal is looking for the most shaded and cool place;
- apathy, real estate;
- accelerated, jerky breathing;
- transition to deep breathing with an increase in body temperature over 40 ° C;
Ultimately, if you do not take measures, all this can lead to his death. All signs of overheating are easy to identify by eye.
Otitis media (inflammation)
Otitis. inflammation of the middle ear. This disease is mainly caused by various bacteria, such as Pasteurella multocida or Staphylococcus aureus. The cause of otitis in a rabbit is its hypothermia, malnutrition, injuries in the head, fungi, insects getting into the ear, as a result of rabbit mites (psoroptosis, etc.).
Veterinarian prescribes treatment for otitis media. It determines which drugs can be used in this case. Antibacterial drops or antibiotics are used. If no improvement is observed within two weeks, the drugs are changed. The development of otitis media depends on the general condition of the rabbit’s immune system.
Healthy animals can be carriers of bacteria and not get sick. So, the ears of rabbits can be affected by diseases that even lead to the death of these animals.
Such diseases can not always be cured, but the correct and timely preventive measures, as well as compliance with the conditions of their detention, will help minimize the risk of diseases.
Accumulation of sulfur is not a disease. Sulfur release is a common, non-pathological process. A lot of sulfur accumulates in the ear canal and it becomes clogged. A blocked ear canal can trigger other ear diseases. The solution is purification. This must be done as carefully and gently as possible so that the animal does not panic.
If the rabbit gets scared and starts to break out, he can hurt himself. How to clean the ears of a rabbit: Gently bend the edge of the ear. A cotton swab cleans the inner surface of the ear, removing accumulations of sulfur and other dirt. It is forbidden to push the tampon deep into the ear. you can damage the eardrum.
A healthy ear has smooth, pale pink skin. When cleaning the ears of a rabbit, they inspect them at the same time. if there is redness, peeling, abscesses, you need to show the animal to the veterinarian. To prevent the accumulation of earwax is simple. you need to periodically clean the ears of animals, without waiting for the formation of sulfur plugs.
Ears for a rabbit are a kind of indicator of well-being. Atmospheric temperature fluctuations greatly affect body temperature. To maintain its own body temperature, the rabbit often lacks the heat received from the skin and subcutaneous fat. Through the ears, the animal loses a lot of heat.
They cool if a weak venous blood flow is observed in the capillaries of the vessels. The cause of cold ears can be: Reflex compression (spasm) of capillaries due to exposure to frost. Low blood pressure Stress, Fright. If the animal feels well, cold ears can be ignored.
But if the air temperature drops below minus 15 ° C, it is necessary to take measures. to warm the cells, eliminate drafts. Cold ears are not an important diagnostic sign. Usually they indicate frostbite.
Symptom of hot ears
Rabbits, like many animals, do not sweat. Heat transfer in them occurs along the capillary network of the ears. If the rabbit’s ears became hot, and he feels normal, most likely he’s just hot. What hot ears are talking about: Signs indicating a normal state: Animals have a normal appetite.
They drink as usual. The inner surface of the auricles is pink or red. An adequate reaction to any stimuli is observed. to touch, sound, etc. When light enters the eyes, the pupils narrow, in the dark they expand. Urination and feces are normal.
Signs of health problems: The animal is sluggish, mainly lies, does not eat, swears, coughs, has snot, etc. The inner surface of the ears is pale or bluish. There is no reaction to loud and sharp noise. If there is no reaction to pain, a pain shock may have occurred. The shock, collapse and coma are also indicated by the lack of reaction of the pupil to the light.
Healthy rabbits can be raised with careful care. Under any circumstances, do not forget about preventative measures that will help to avoid ear diseases in sensitive animals such as rabbits.