The death of pets is an infrequent phenomenon, but it brings significant frustration and loss to rabbit breeders. Today, there are many reasons why rabbits of different ages die. Starting from improper conditions of detention and ending with airborne viruses. If your rabbits die: what to do in this case and how to prevent mortality? The causes of death and ways to prevent the loss of livestock will be discussed below.
Why do adult rabbits, who jumped briskly and chewed food yesterday, die today? Or was the rabbit who yesterday fed her offspring and looked healthy — left her babies today? There are actually few possible reasons why dying rabbits of puberty and rabbits die. If you keep eared correctly, the main reason for the death of rabbits is various infections.
Today, breeders encounter several of the most common diseases: hemorrhagic disease, myxomatosis, pasteurellosis and coccidiosis. Next, we will talk more about each disease, learn from what the disease arises and how to properly treat.
The first possible cause is rabbit viral hemorrhagic disease (HBV). Mostly rabbits from 2 months to 6 years suffer from it. Pregnant rabbits and lactating females very often die from this infection, while babies who are near the female are not susceptible to HBVC. Why don’t the kids get sick? They receive immunity from the mother, so up to one month they are protected from almost any infection.
HBVC is distributed both through air and through contact with wool, feces, virus-contaminated food. The mortality rate reaches 90%. The disease has two forms: asymptomatic and acute, in both cases death occurs approximately 24-72 hours after infection. Sometimes rabbits recover, however, such cases are rarely recorded and it is not known what it depends on.
The next reason is myxomatosis. This is an acute disease that affects individuals of different ages and is transmitted mainly in the spring through parasite bites. Of the symptoms, mucus from the nose or eyes is observed, extensive or nodular tumors. Why and what specifically should be feared with myxomatosis? Infected individuals can spread the virus for a long time. So, a sick female or male can infect young animals, and for babies this infection is very dangerous.
Myxomatosis does not go away on its own, so the entire population can die. The treatment regimen has not yet been developed, and the best prevention is timely vaccination. The next video from the breeder will tell you about myxomatosis and how rabbits look when they are sick.
Pasteurellosis is another infectious disease in adult rabbits. The course can be acute and passive, the death of the animal occurs after 2 days. It manifests itself in the form of a lack of appetite, shortness of breath and a runny nose. The disease is treated with antibiotics, B vitamins, nasal drops. The infection is contagious, therefore it is transmitted by sneezing sick rabbits.
Emeriosis or coccidiosis is a disease that has three forms (hepatic, intestinal and mixed). Rabbits at the age of 4-5 months can get coccidiosis, regardless of the time of year. Parasitic infection is very common among rabbits, transmitted by insects, people, animals. It manifests itself in the form of bloating, diarrhea, weight loss and lack of appetite. It is treated with drugs such as Trichopolum, Sulfadimezinum, Khimkoksid and other antibiotics.
What do rabbits die from?
As we have already noted, young rabbits up to a month have very strong immunity as a result of feeding rabbits with milk. Why, then, does it happen that little rabbits die and what does it depend on? First of all, from the health status of the rabbit and the general sanitary condition of the cage.
The first danger that can threaten babies is staphylococcus. However, it appears very rarely in the nest, and only if the babies are kept in unsanitary conditions. The next cause of death of young animals is the low temperature, due to which the rabbits just freeze. Adult animals can fall from the cold, not like babies.
Lactation in the rabbit is also the cause of death in newborns. If the female is poorly fed and ill, this will certainly affect the milk and its composition. Toxins from food or infection can pass to rabbits, as a result of which they die. It also occurs when little rabbits grit their teeth. This is due to stomatitis.
With stomatitis, rabbits grit their teeth, salivation, swelling in the mouth appears. Crumbs simply cannot suck milk normally, they are in pain and creak, they demonstrate this pain. Infants can become ill from 23 days to the age of 3 months, moreover, any breed is susceptible to stomatitis. The number of patients increases during sowing from the female.
So, what to do to prevent various diseases, and therefore death of rabbits? The best measure to prevent any disease or infection is cleanliness and hygiene. Cells need to be constantly cleaned of manure, the litter should be replaced, and iodine or potassium permanganate is occasionally added to drinking water. The room for rabbits should be ventilated, cleaned, not wet.
It is very simple to avoid problems with teeth and stomatitis. it is necessary to properly prepare a nest for females and cubs. Disinfect the cage, put dry clean hay. The rabbit should receive fresh food, the feeder and the drinker should be cleaned as it becomes dirty. Keep your babies out of the wet litter. Warm all cells once every couple of days with a blowtorch if there are sick rabbits in the household.
Prevention of the death of your rabbits puts another plus in favor of vaccinations. Now it becomes clear why and why animals must be vaccinated at present. And although many old-school rabbit breeders do not like vaccination too much, it avoids the most dangerous diseases.