Before taking any medications, an examination and consultation in a veterinary clinic is mandatory.
Feces normally dark, black-brown and formed in the form of "beans".
Urine dark, even dark brown. Compared to the urine of other animal species, even thick. It can be painted depending on the types of feed and vegetables used. From beets. red-violet; from carrots. orange, yellow.
Body temperature, respiratory rate and heart rate:
Body temperature. 39 (38.5. 39.5) Co;
Respiratory rate. 50-150 / min;
Heart rate. 120. 150 / min
With proper care and maintenance, proper feeding, properly organized veterinary and preventive work, the incidence of rabbits is significantly reduced
Signs of rabbit disease
– changes in behavior that are not inherent in nature;
– lies with his eyes closed;
– rapid breathing difficulties;
– increased thirst;
– disheveled, sticky coat;
– wool with a light touch easily falls out;
– discharge from the nose, runny nose;
– festering eyelids and eyes;
– sores on the skin;
– trembling with small tremors;
– frequent dry or loose stools;
– cramps and paralysis;
– the presence of small bloodsucking (fleas, lice).
If you notice that the animal has eaten less and is losing weight. Most likely there is a tooth defect. If the incisors are overgrown, not enough healed and become too long, then eating becomes difficult.
An examination by a veterinarian and further cutting of the incisors is required.
Infectious stomatitis (wet face)
Viral disease of young rabbits, the characteristic signs of which are inflammatory processes of the oral mucosa and profuse salivation, diarrhea.
The onset of the disease is facilitated by factors such as sharp fluctuations in temperature, crowded content, increased humidity, and a decrease in the body’s resistance. The patient and the animals that are in the cage are lubricated with a 2% aqueous solution of copper sulfate 1-2 times a day. The use of white streptocide for 2-3 days gives good results. Easily digestible food is given to patients. To prevent stomatitis, rabbits are injected into the oral cavity with drugs used for treatment. It is also advisable to periodically conduct clinical examinations of rabbits.
The most dangerous disease of rabbits. myxomatosis. This acute course of the disease ends in most cases with death. It proceeds in two forms. With a nodular form, tumors the size of a pea or slightly larger appear on the body of the animal, with the edematous form, the tumors merge into a continuous edema.
Tumors mixots appear most often on the head (nose, nose, mouth, eyelids, ears), paws, genitals and in the anus. At the same time, the mucous membrane of the eyes becomes inflamed. The ears go down, the animal with an edematous form takes an ugly appearance. After 5-10 days, the animal dies.
The disease spreads quickly, it is transmitted not only by rabbits to each other, but also by rodents, blood-sucking parasites. In the event of a disease, the veterinarian should be notified immediately. All sick animals are immediately slaughtered and burned with the skin. Ill animals remain virus carriers, they infect healthy animals, so they also need to be destroyed.
Places of keeping and slaughtering rabbits are disinfected with a 3% solution of caustic soda or formalin, a 5% solution of lysol or bleach. Rabbit manure is buried to a depth of at least 1 m, rabbit breeder clothes must be boiled for at least an hour.
The first symptoms are discharge from the nose, sneezing. The main reason for this is resistant bacteria, so a runny nose can be observed for a long time. The animal may begin to lose weight, eyes and nose stick together, due to secretions. Wool fall off and lose its luster.
May be a symptom of a serious illness. You should consult your doctor’s veterinarian.
If the common cold is not related to pasteurellosis, then diluted baby drops of Nazivin dioxidine 1: 1 can be instilled into the nose.
Diseases of the digestive system, most often it is a violation of feeding, taking spoiled foods. Manifested in the form of diarrhea and flatulence. The cause of gastrointestinal diseases can also be an infection caused by various bacteria. In any case, the sick rabbit should be shown to the veterinarian.
It is necessary to change the diet. Remove succulent feed; the feed mixture must be usable; Hay should be clean, free from odors, mold and dust. The water in the drinker should be clean, you can add a pinch of table salt to it.
You can crush a tablet of activated charcoal, dilute it with water and solder the animal resulting gruel.
The causative agent of the disease. microbe. In the external environment, it is unstable, it can quickly be destroyed with disinfectants. A characteristic sign of the disease is a runny nose. At first, only moistening of the hairs around the nostrils is noted, then sneezing, the animal rubs its nose with the front paws. From the nasal cavity appears mucous, and then purulent expiration. Heavy breathing, with wheezing. The disease can last several months, then calming down, then exacerbating. There are complications in the form of ulcers on various parts of the body. When the causative agent of this disease enters the bloodstream, blood poisoning occurs, accompanied by fever, general weakness, diarrhea, and sometimes convulsions.
There is no specific treatment for the disease. Sick animals with obvious clinical signs should be destroyed. If a disease is suspected, the animals undergo symptomatic treatment, giving antibiotics (50,000 units of action per day) and sulfa drugs (1 tablet per day) inside. as directed by the veterinarian.
Paralysis of the hind limbs and the back of the spine is quite common.
It should be ensured that the animal does not jump from high surfaces onto a slippery floor, does not jump onto furniture, slippery surfaces. Also, infection and a lack of vitamins can lead to paralysis.
Contact your veterinarian.
This is a disease of the body, developing with a lack of minerals and vitamins in the feed in the absence of solar insolation. Mostly growing animals suffer. The disease is accompanied by various inflammatory changes in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as monotonous feeding. Observed in the winter.
The symptom complex with rickets can be complex, which depends on the specific causes of the disease. Initially, the animal has an indigestion, a tendency to eat contaminated bedding, feces, clay, earth, bite the wall (lime), ob.
Symptoms of rickets are thickening of the joints, curvature of the limbs, sagging back, growth retardation. With a lack of calcium in animal feed, excessive excitability is observed, often seizures, convulsions.
The sick animal should be placed in a clean, bright room; give inside 1-2 drops of trivitamin or trivit per day. Irradiation with a quartz lamp for 10-15 minutes for 10-15 days is very useful.
Perhaps the addition of fish oil, concentrates Vitamins A and D.
Scratches, abrasions, wounds, bruises, fractures, as well as damage to the spinal cord (as a result of an unsuccessful jump or blow to the back). can lead to paralysis of the back of the body.
Treatment: cleaning and lubricating abrasions and scratches with tincture of iodine, suturing large wounds. Rabbits with penetrating wounds of the chest or abdomen, as well as traumatic paralysis are useless to treat
Rabbits can hardly tolerate heat. Symptoms of heat stroke are trembling, agitation, uncoordinated movement.
A cage, a pen should not be placed under direct sunlight. In case of heat stroke, the animal must be moved to a cool place and try not to disturb it. Apply a cool, damp cloth to the head and limbs. Call your veterinarian for help.
Respiratory diseases. inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and lungs. happen with hypothermia, staying in a draft. Diseases are indicated by general weakness, fever, rapid breathing, increased thirst and decreased appetite; animals lie more, weakly react to a nickname and external irritations. First of all, you need to create good conditions for the animal; for therapeutic purposes, sulfonamide drugs are used.
This disease is caused by the activity of protozoa, unicellular living organisms. Mostly young animals are affected. Improper maintenance, cell contamination can cause coccidiosis. Manifestations of the disease: diarrhea and flatulence.
Contact your veterinarian. For treatment, sulfonamide drugs are used. It is also important that when diarrhea the animal does not lose too much fluid.
Ectoparasites and mycosis
Symptoms of a scabies mite are severe itching, scratching, and dandruff. The formation of powdery and pasty discharge in the ears.
Mycoses. Manifested in the form of more or less rounded areas of altered skin on which the hair falls.
For diagnosis and examination of the animal, you should consult a veterinarian. The subcutaneous tick is treated with injections of otodectin. The veterinarian appoints the treatment regimen.