Decorative rabbits require a balanced diet, an abundance of clean drinking water, spacious cells, as well as vaccination against major viral diseases. Otherwise, they can become infected with dangerous diseases such as myxomatosis, urinary dermatitis, HCV, gastrointestinal stasis. Diseases can be transmitted to animals from other rodents, insects, as well as from a person in contact with sick individuals. These ailments can lead to death of the population. In this article we will analyze how you can determine that an animal has become ill with a particular disease, and what are the main symptoms of the most dangerous diseases for rabbits.
How to determine if a rabbit is sick
In most cases, sick animals in the herd can be determined by behavior uncharacteristic for rabbits: increased irritability or depression, refusal of the usual food, the appearance of a rash on the face and body of the animal or excreta. Also, sick animals often hide from their owners in the corners of the cage. In addition, often in rabbits sick with one disease or another, the coat becomes dull and begins to shed heavily. In such cases, pets should be carefully examined for other symptoms of common diseases. If you yourself can not determine whether the rabbits are sick or not, it is recommended to show them to the doctor. This must be done as early as possible in order to avoid infection of the entire herd. Read about rabies in rabbits here.
Often, the presence of a certain disease in rabbits can be determined by paying attention to a number of symptoms. Common manifestations of the disease can be:
- loss of interest animal to your favorite food;
- fever. above 39.9 degrees;
- eye redness, increased lacrimation;
- the appearance on the body and muzzle of any neoplasms, in particular, abscesses and swelling.
Also, the presence of infectious diseases in the animal can often be indicated by a violation of the digestive tract, in particular, diarrhea. It is necessary to pay special attention to those owners of living creatures who have not recently made any changes to the diet of animals.
Basically, rabbits suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including gastrointestinal stasis, and dermatological diseases. The most dangerous for them are viral diseases, including HCV and myxomatosis. Most of these diseases are quickly transmitted from one animal to another, due to which the virus can infect the entire rabbit herd in a few days. Less commonly, infection of a population occurs through insects, as well as through the host caring for the herd. It is extremely important for the breeder to be able to identify the symptoms of the disease in the early stages, in order to transfer sick animals to quarantine as soon as possible and begin their full treatment.
This is a contagious viral disease that is transmitted from one animal to another through direct contact, as well as through common feeders and drinkers. Most rabbits (about 90%) die from this disease. As a rule, breeders find the individuals who caught this disease dead. This vaccine will tell about vaccinations of VGBK for rabbits. In the early stages, the disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- refusal of the animal to eat;
- heavy breathing of the animal;
- cyanosis of the lips;
- the appearance of bloody discharge from the mouth and nose.
The disease is not dangerous for the entire population of decorative rodents. So, rabbits up to 1 month old do not get this disease, rabbits older than 6 years are also rarely affected by HBV. The remaining individuals from the herd are susceptible to this disease.
This disease develops against the background of malnutrition of the rabbit, stress, or because of the large amount of hair swallowed by the animal. Its main symptoms are constipation and increased anxiety of the animal. Such an illness, as a rule, does not have additional manifestations.
It should be remembered that stagnation of feces in the body is very dangerous for rabbits, as it can cause intoxication. To avoid it, you need to show the animal to the veterinarian as soon as you notice that it does not go “over the big” for more than 12 hours. The doctor will prescribe a special diet or mild laxatives for the sick rodent.
This disease can be identified by the loss of hair on the hind legs, as well as redness of the skin in this area. This happens due to urine entering the affected areas, which normally does not happen. The causes of the development of such a disease may be clots in the bladder or other pathologies of the rodent excretory system. What to do if the rabbit has red urine, read here.
Often, this disease develops in animals that are malnourished and receive insufficient water per day. When its first symptoms appear, it is extremely important to eliminate these factors. Otherwise, treatment of urinary dermatitis may be ineffective.
This disease is caused by parasites that enter the body of animals through feces.. Under their influence, infected rabbits stop eating, they have diarrhea, bloating. Often these animals also have drowsiness, inactivity. Treatment of such animals should be started as early as possible. If the disease has time to penetrate into the internal tissues, its consequences will be irreversible. About rabbit genital diseases read here.
Rabbits that have already become infected with this disease, even after the end of treatment, remain very contagious. In no case should they be transplanted to the herd until the quarantine expires.
This disease is most dangerous for rabbits. They die from him in 10 days. To prevent this outcome, it is imperative that you keep your young offspring away from adults all the time to prevent infection.
The presented disease is provoked by the myxoma virus. The causative agent of the disease is transmitted to animals from other rabbits, through hosts, as well as through insects, including fleas and mosquitoes. The disease manifests itself a few days after infection of the animal. Often it leads to the death of a rabbit.
- conjunctivitis and swelling of the eyelids;
- swelling of the head;
- the appearance of purulent discharge from the nose of an animal;
- heat, reaching 42 degrees.
In the late stages of the disease, small sores appear on the rabbit’s body. About pasteurellosis in rabbits, this article will tell.
Currently, this disease is the most dangerous for ornamental breeds, since there is no cure for it. All that can be done by the owner of the herd is to promptly vaccinate the animals from myxomatosis. This must be done as soon as the rabbits turn a month old.
The rabbit can catch this infectious disease from relatives, other animals, as well as from people who have recently been in contact with a sick animal. It provokes the development of the disease with micron pasteurella. The most susceptible to it are individuals who eat poorly and do not get the right amount of vitamins and minerals.
The development of such an ailment in an animal is indicated by:
- loss of appetite;
- the appearance on the body of the animal of pododermatitis;
- a sharp increase in body temperature.
Typically, animals suffering from such a disease die in two days. There are chances to save them only if the owner of the rabbits notices the first symptoms of the disease and fulfills all the recommendations of the veterinarian for the treatment of pasteurellosis.