Diseases of ornamental rabbits cause many problems. And some diseases can lead to such disastrous consequences as the death of an animal. In order to protect your pet from health problems and take the necessary measures in time, you need to have information about the most common diseases of decorative rabbits.
Decorative rabbits often suffer from problems with the gastrointestinal tract, it is necessary to carefully monitor the quality of the products that the pet receives.
Constipation and gastrointestinal stasis
Constipation and gastrointestinal stasis (GF) can cause the death of an ornamental rabbit. Therefore, timely detection and treatment of diseases are important aspects of preserving the life of an animal.
Symptoms of the disease are very small fecal balls or their absence. Sometimes feces are mixed with yellowish or transparent mucus (this indicates the presence of a dangerous disease. enteritis). With FSW, loud rumbling sounds are heard from the pet’s abdomen, indicating the passage of violent gas-forming processes. The rabbit itself becomes lethargic, eats little, sits for a long time with a hunched back, sometimes it starts to bang its teeth loudly.
The structure of the intestines of the rabbit.
Causes of constipation and FSW can be stress, disruption of the intestines, the presence of other diseases, a diet with a small inclusion of fiber.
If the decorative rabbit does not eat, does not go to the toilet, immediately consult a veterinarian. In some cases, surgical intervention is necessary. And here it is important to note that the percentage of rabbits surviving after the operation is catastrophically small.
To prevent constipation, you need to provide the rabbit with fiber. A huge amount of it is contained in the hay. The diet of the pet should always be fresh vegetables and herbs. The animal needs to drink a lot of water. The rabbit must lead an active lifestyle, for this you need to constantly release it from the cage.
Decorative rabbit diarrhea
Diarrhea is not a disease, but a symptom. If the rabbit has diarrhea, then the reasons may lie in the following:
Food pyramid of decorative rabbits.
- the presence of worms;
- yeast fungi;
- bacterial or viral enteritis;
- intoxication after taking drugs;
- improper feeding;
- dental diseases;
If rabbit diarrhea is detected, the veterinarian should be shown immediately. Only a qualified professional can determine the exact cause of diarrhea. To identify the cause of the disease, it is necessary to make biochemical and molecular blood tests.
It is worth noting that a rabbit under the age of 8 weeks should consume breast milk. If this does not happen, then there are disturbances in the intestines. Inflammatory processes can lead to enteritis, which often leads to death.
Myxomatosis in animals
Myxomatosis virus is extremely dangerous for rabbits, mortality is more than 90%.
Myxomatosis refers to viral diseases. It can be transmitted through contaminated food, a bite of blood-sucking insects, or through direct contact with another sick animal. Myxomatosis is classified as a deadly disease, since no more than 10% of infected rabbits are cured.
The causative agent is the Leporipox myxomatosis virus. The virus leads to irreversible hyperplastic and proliferative changes in cells. As a result, specific nodes appear on the skin and mucous membranes.
Myxomatosis is divided into two types: edematous and nodular forms.
With the edematous form, the decorative rabbit swells and reddens the eyes, nasal discharge appears. Photophobia and tearing also begin.
Then the swelling goes to the ears, nose, lips, anogenital zones. All this leads to a sharp increase in temperature, to difficulties with swallowing food. Rabbit is losing weight. Often, the pet dies 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.
With nodular myxomatosis, seals appear in the form of cartilage, which eventually necrotic and dry out.
The external structure of the rabbit.
The disease is often accompanied by secondary infections.
Therefore, in the treatment of myxomatosis, the veterinarian should focus on preventing the development of other infections.
For the prevention of myxomatosis, the following actions are required:
- vaccinate a decorative rabbit;
- you can not leave the pet on the street during the special activity of blood-sucking insects;
- each new animal must be quarantined.
You must consult your veterinarian to treat this infection. Only timely help will give a chance to cure a decorative rabbit.
Viral hemorrhagic disease
Rabbit treatment should be supervised by a veterinarian.
Viral hemorrhagic disease (HBV) is a viral disease that in most cases is fatal. The virus is transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, insects, and eating vegetables and herbs. In rare cases, transmission can take place through the clothes or shoes of a person who has come from the street.
HBV is very difficult to notice, as it is often asymptomatic. An apparently healthy pet has short-term leg cramps, after which the rabbit dies. In rare cases, symptoms such as fever, lethargy, nasal discharge, loss of appetite are manifested.
It is impossible to cure the disease. To exclude the development of the virus, vaccination is necessary.
Ornamental rabbits may develop diabetes, which is similar to a similar disease in humans. The disease is associated with a malfunction of the pancreas, in which there are problems with the production of insulin. In especially difficult cases, insulin is not produced at all. As a result, when food enters, the amount of sugar in the blood increases sharply, and sugar does not enter the cells.
Diabetes mellitus in rabbits is manifested by increased thirst, incontinence and frequent urination.
The causes of diabetes can be a weakening of the immune system, pancreatic disease, stress, a sedentary lifestyle, overeating, poor nutrition and the age of the pet.
As a result of the disease, cells die. If the disease is not treated, then it leads to the death of the animal.
The symptomatology of diabetes is as follows: the rabbit constantly drinks water, frequent urination, incontinence occur. The pet eats well, but at the same time it is losing weight, becoming lethargic. Wounds and injuries begin to heal for a long time, and the pupils may become clouded, up to complete blindness.
Diagnosis of diabetes is possible only by analyzing the blood and urine of the animal. However, remember that stress can increase sugar levels as a result of stress. Therefore, after you bring the rabbit to the hospital, you need to give him time to calm down.
For treatment, the body must be provided with insulin. Injections are best done in a veterinary clinic. Diabetes is an incurable disease, but proper care and feeding will allow the decorative rabbit to live to old age.
These are the most common diseases in ornamental rabbits. There are a large number of other diseases, less common.
It is important to remember that in the event of any changes in the condition of the animal, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Only in this case you can quickly cure the pet and eliminate the risk of death.