Rabbit health

What diseases do rabbits have?

July 29, 2019

Your personal rabbit breeder expert.

In most cases rabbit disease arise from non-compliance with the conditions for their maintenance and breeding. Indeed, in order for the inhabitants of the rabbit farm to be healthy, multiply well and give full-fledged offspring, a responsible attitude to their pets, good nutrition, care and attentive care are necessary. Knowing rabbit disease symptoms and methods of their treatment can prevent the spread of many diseases and keep a healthy population.

Disease Prevention Measures.

Breeding rabbits at home. This is, above all, the obligatory observance of the basic simple rules that are familiar to every rabbit breeder. Thus, it is possible to prevent many diseases of non-contagious origin, of a viral and infectious nature, as well as to avoid the negative impact of climatic factors. This refers to the features of care in the summer or keeping rabbits in winter.

Unsanitary conditions on the farm are one of the main causes of rabbits that cause disease and their treatment in this case is a very time-consuming process that does not always lead to a positive result. The banal phrase “cleanliness” is the key to health, should be the motto of every rabbit breeder. Systematically clean the cages, inventory, territory, disinfect the mother liquor, drinking bowls, feeders with specially designed means. This must be done before a broom or seating. Regularly need to inspect the entire livestock. Healthy individuals are cheerful, active and have a good appetite. Their coat is soft, shiny and thick. Take immediate action at the first sign of atypical behavior for your pets. When purchasing new inhabitants of the rabbit farm, it is important to quarantine, that is, place them separately from the whole herd for a period of at least 30 days. Otherwise, it is likely that there will be farm outbreak which can be defeated with difficulty.

Next, let’s try to figure it out, Which breed of rabbit is the most resistant to disease. It is impossible to unequivocally answer this question. The most unpretentious are such breeds as butterfly, gray giant, white giant, chinchilla. For many decades they have been widely distributed in the post-Soviet space and are well adapted to specific living conditions. With proper care and well-conducted breeding work, many representatives of the above species develop stable immunity, which allows avoiding or easily transferring some, including infectious diseases. Now we offer a closer look rabbit diseases photo and description their treatment.

What are the diseases in rabbits and how to treat them.

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In most cases, diseases of non-infectious rabbits are caused by inappropriate conditions. These include:

– Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. They are characterized by bloating and diarrhea. Most often arise due to the fact that feeding rabbits produced poor-quality feed. The reason may be fresh or poisonous grass. In case of indigestion, it is advisable to remove concentrated feed and leave only hay. If the situation does not change during the day, proceed with drug treatment. You can dilute 1 g of Browaf in water per liter of water or give furazolidone 30 mg per 1 kg of weight.

– Injuries, injuries, fractures are most often encountered with crowded keeping of animals or due to various malfunctions in the cells, especially if they have mesh walls or floors. For injuries, it is recommended to treat wounds with ichthyol or synthomycin ointment.

– Diseases of the ears and eyes of rabbits very common. This is primarily conjunctivitis. It means inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, and is purulent or catarrhal. Purulent is characterized by redness of the eyes, swelling of the eyelids and purulent discharge. With catarrhal, swelling of the eyelids, increased lacrimation and redness of the eyeball are observed. Conjunctivitis can be caused by mechanical damage and the ingestion of dust or foreign objects in the eyes. In order to get rid of conjunctivitis, you need to rinse your eyes several times a day with a weak solution of tea and smear with special ointments. Ophthalmic gel or septogel is great.

Ear mite or psoroptosis is transmitted by direct contact with infected individuals. Most often found in winter and spring. When infected with a tick, the animal becomes restless, scratches its ears all the time, or rubs them against the cage, shakes its head, as if trying to get rid of something. In places of a tick bite, purulent discharge appears, and then crusts form, causing severe itching. For treatment, the antiparasitic drug selamectin is used, which treats the affected areas. Psoroptol aerosols, like dermatosol, which spray on the inside of the auricle from a distance of 15-20 cm, help well.

– Subdermatitis characterized by damage to the sole of the paws. Wounds and ulcers appear on them. The main reasons for its appearance are the mesh floor in the cells, violation of the sanitary conditions for keeping pets, as well as increased humidity, accompanied by hot weather. Large animals of excessive weight are most often exposed to it. The resulting wounds are washed with hydrogen peroxide, lubricated with iodine and ichthyol ointment. In especially advanced cases, antibiotics are used.

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Pneumonia a fairly common disease, especially if the rabbit farm is located in a damp, poorly ventilated area. The reason for its occurrence can also be drafts, and a sharp change in temperature conditions. The pneumonia is tolerated quite severely and is characterized by heavy, rapid breathing, mucous discharge from the nose and fever up to 41 degrees. Treated only with antibiotics such as penicillin, biomycin at the rate of 15-20 thousand units per 1 kg of live weight. Enter subcutaneously. Depending on the clinic of recovery, the course of treatment is 7-15 days.

Mastitis in rabbits most often found in primiparous females and occurs due to obstruction of the ducts, which leads to replenishment of the mammary gland. Sometimes mastitis is infectious, it occurs with injuries or cracks in the nipples or appears as a result of infection with staphylococcus. The affected area becomes red, hard to the touch and gives a painful reaction when touched. Often the rabbit’s temperature rises, and she ceases to feed her offspring. In such a situation, babies need to look for an urgent alternative to breast milk, and treat the female immediately. The affected areas 3-4 times a day are lubricated with neat massaging movements with camphor oil or ichthyol ointment and injected with penicillin 2 times a day at a rate of 200-250 thousand units.

Rabbit viral diseases, their symptoms and treatment.

Many infectious and rabbit viral diseases can be avoided. We are talking primarily about diseases such as viral hemorrhagic rabbit disease, myxomatosis, coccidiosis. From myxomatosis and HBVC rabbit vaccination required. It is important to schedule a vaccination and adhere strictly to it. These preventative measures will help to avoid finding the answer to the question, why do rabbits die, since with their help you can save livestock. After all, most viral diseases are not treatable.

Myxomatosis in rabbits there are two types of classic and nodular, proceeds in an acute form. Clinical signs are redness in the form of spots and swelling and the formation of cones in the eye area, genitals on the back, drooping, like broken ears, conjunctivitis and mucous discharge from the nose. The carrier is blood-sucking insects, fleas, mosquitoes, flies, so it is most often found in the warm season. Practically impossible to cure, therefore, the only sure way to deal with it is timely vaccination. The classic form of myxomatosis is incurable and almost always fatal, nodular with strong immunity of infected individuals and the use of antibiotics can be cured. With a responsible attitude, mortality is 25-30%.

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VGBK rabbits the worst disease that can destroy up to 90% of the rabbit farm population and there is no cure for it. Only a timely vaccine can save the economy. The whole complexity of the situation is that nothing portends trouble, and suddenly the animal emits a heart-rending cry, begins to convulse, blood and instant death go from the mouth, nose or genitals, although before that no signs of the disease have been noticed. Transmitted by contact, through contaminated feed, water, equipment, from rodents and birds. There are no methods of struggle, it remains only to wait. Next, it is necessary to complete disinfection, dispose of dead animals, infected feed and strictly observe sanitary requirements. It is advisable to vaccinate surviving animals no earlier than two weeks after the last case.

Coccidiosis in rabbits it is also quite realistic to prevent, starting from 3 weeks of age, when all the babies have already begun to crawl out of the mother liquor and eat and drink on their own, add special preparations to water or food for 5-7 days, and then regularly repeat the course. An expert rabbit breeder recommends giving at least a week to be as sure as possible of a positive result. Most often, coccidiosis occurs between the ages of 2.5 to 4 months. It is characterized by bloating and diarrhea. The sick animal sits, as if having lousy, refuses food and food, is quickly exhausted, and if urgent measures are not taken, death can not be avoided. Treatment preparations containing sulfanilamide.

Listeriosis in rabbits considered a very dangerous disease. In most cases, it proceeds in a latent form. Mostly pregnant females are exposed to it, but since this is an infectious disease of rabbits, it can spread very quickly to the entire population. The main symptoms are hind limb paralysis, but not always, abortion of pregnant rabbits, mortality of all newborns, rabbits during the first week of life, and female death. Only potent antibiotics can save animals. The drug Nitox 200 is well suited. Diluted at the rate of 1 ml per 5 kg of weight. It is advisable to dilute one to one with saline. It is permissible to do young animals starting from 1.5 months of age. Do once and repeat after 72 hours.

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