It is believed that rabbits highly susceptible to all kinds of diseases. However, it is not. They are relatively hardy animals. When exposed to the outside without any harm to health tolerate severe frosts. At the same time, drafts, dampness and dirt in the cells are dangerous to them. These unsanitary conditions, as well as uncleaned feces and leftover food. favorable environment for the development of pathogens of various diseases. Therefore, experienced rabbit breeders try to regularly and thoroughly clean the cells.
Rabbits can get sick, as already mentioned, from improper feeding. When transferring from one type of feed to another, new products are introduced in small portions and the full rate is allowed only after 6. 7 days.
The farm must constantly struggle with mice and rats. carriers of various infections (listeriellosis, paratyphoid, ringworm, etc.). Preventing the disease is much easier than treating it later. Such a preventive measure is cell disinfection. It is carried out before picking the herd, before each birthing and jigging of young animals, as well as in those cases when the cells are released for some reason.
The most common and reliable means are: 2% formalin (1 cup formalin per bucket of cold water), sodium hydroxide or 2% caustic soda (200 g per bucket of hot water), 5% creolin (0.5 l per bucket of water ) In the absence of these disinfecting compounds, you can do with boiling water and liquor. Lye is prepared in proportion: 2 kg of wood ash per bucket of water. The mixture is boiled for 2 hours. After settling, the liquid is drained, diluted with 4 buckets of water and boiled again. Apply lye hot.
When working with disinfectants, the rabbit breeders themselves must be careful not to accidentally get the solution in their eyes or skin.
All these disinfectant solutions are used in the mentioned concentration at the rate of 1 liter per 1 sq. m of floor space and walls.
Let’s talk about typical diseases of rabbits.
Coccidiosis. This disease of the liver and gastrointestinal tract is caused by unicellular organisms (protozoa). Mostly young growth affects (1.5. 4 months). Rabbits become infected through the oral cavity. Having penetrated the body of animals with food or water, the pathogen multiplies rapidly in the intestines and liver and leaves the bowel movement.
Symptoms depend on the location of the pathogen. if it is a liver, then there is a loss of appetite, diarrhea and death. If the intestines. then weight loss, soft or loose stools, mucus and / or blood in the feces, contamination of the anal area, dehydration, growing thirst, death possible. Sick rabbits lose weight, refuse to feed, bloating is frequent, diarrhea is replaced by constipation. The relative severity of both types of infection depends on the number of coccidia in the body, on the age of the rabbit, on the strength of the immune system and on the presence of other diseases.
Sometimes a colony of coccidia settles in the nasal passages, causing respiratory disease. nasal coccidiosis. Coccidiosis can be treated with sulfa drugs. Diseases can be prevented if rabbits are kept in cages with a slatted or mesh floor, on which the stool does not get stuck. Serve food should be in a nursery or feeders, water. in drinking bowls and make sure that they are not contaminated.
Contagious runny nose. Both young animals and adult rabbits get sick. The main symptom. mucous and purulent discharge from the nose. The rabbit sneezes, scratches appear on its forepaws. Patients should be discarded and killed immediately. Naturally, it is also worth taking care of improving the conditions of keeping and feeding animals.