Rabbits are considered whimsical animals that require quality and gentle care.
Diseases of rabbits are usually distributed mainly on farmland, but are sometimes found in domestic animals.
They arise most often from adverse conditions.
The nature of the disease is viral, non-infectious, mechanical or natural exposure factors.
This section will help beginners or inexperienced breeders understand the variety of diseases, learn the treatment methodology, and prevent their development.
How healthy individuals are distinguished from patients
In order not to miss the moment of the onset of the development of diseases, regular inspection of rabbits should be carried out. This is especially important to carry out before mating until the time of the scouring and after it.
Indeed, very often the course of a disease is not expressed by obvious symptoms, but it is still possible to distinguish a healthy from a patient. After the appearance of rabbits, inspection should be carried out at least once every 2 weeks.
What a healthy animal looks like
Some rabbit diseases, symptoms and their treatment are completely uncomplicated and do not have any particular complications if the therapy is started on time and not the disease becomes chronic. Determine the well-being of the animal by external signs:
- It has a shiny, healthy, even coat.
- It does not have any signs of discharge in the eyes and nose.
- It breathes evenly at a shock frequency of 60 times per minute and the average temperature of the air.
- The body temperature of the animal does not exceed 38.5 or 39 degrees.
- It has an even pulse. no more than 160 contractions in one minute.
It is necessary to pay close attention to feces, urine (urine) by their modification, you can also determine the general condition of the rabbit. Dark brown feces or black peas are considered normal.
The urine of a healthy individual is usually dark and not viscous. True urine may have a different shade, it depends on the type of feed that the owner gives the animal.
What do sick rabbits look like?
Each disease that is observed in rabbits is characterized by its distinguishing features. However, there is a list of symptomatic manifestations that will help identify the ailment and roughly understand its origin. These include:
- Atypical behavior
- The animal lies with eyes constantly closed
- Breathing fast and difficult
- The animal often drinks water
- Wool falls out
- Discharge from the eyes or nose is observed.
- Neoplasms appear on the animal
- Rabbit trembles, cramps
- Paralysis possible
Timely determination of rabbit disease and their treatment will help save the life of the animal. every experienced breeder knows this, and beginners should take this fact into their arsenal.
Types of Disease in Rabbits
There is a huge list of ailments that rabbits can get sick, all of them are divided into the following groups:
- Infectious (infectious)
- Non-infectious (non-infectious)
Most often, this type of animal suffers from infectious diseases, the frequency of infection depends on various factors.
The infectious group is dangerous because the diseased individual can infect healthy animals.
Below are the most common rabbit diseases.
In case of constipation. give castor oil or Glauber’s salt to drink. The abdomen is ground with table salt diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 0.5. Make an enema with soapy water.
In case of disorders, 1 g of Syntomycin is administered orally 6 times a day; a decoction of oak bark can be given.
Viral etiology diseases
It manifests itself in adults with the use of poor-quality food. Fecal mass. softened or liquid, bloating in the intestines is observed, appetite worsens or disappears altogether. Constipation may also occur.
Natural and mechanical effects
- Frostbite. In the absence of proper warming of the nursery, the animal can frostbite its ears during the winter period. There are swelling on the ears, watery blisters, dead tissue on the frostbitten areas of the body. It is necessary to warm the animal, treat the frostbitten areas with melted fat of geese or pigs. With severe frostbite, you can rub camphor ointment or iodine.
- Heatstroke. It occurs with prolonged exposure of the cell to the scorching sun. The animal, stretched out lies on one side, moves little, practically does not eat. Convulsions, rapid breathing, redness of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, nose can be observed. The rabbits are transferred to a shaded place, on fresh, cool air, their heads and lower limbs are covered with a damp cloth, which needs to be changed or moistened regularly (after 5 minutes). In the presence of convulsions, the animal needs to be killed because the treatment in this case is not effective and useless.
- Colds. If animals are constantly in raw cages with drafts or under the influence of harmful gases, then diseases such as rhinitis, pneumonia, pleurisy or bronchitis can progress. The mucous membrane in the nasal cavity of the animal turns red, snot of a dull or transparent shade can be observed. The rabbit can sneeze, it has an increase in temperature, breathing is difficult and rapid. In this case, it is necessary to improve its nutrition, add fortified feed to the diet, and ventilate the room. With rhinitis, a few drops of a solution of 1% furatsilina or any other antibiotic are injected into the animal’s nose.
- Injuries, bruises and fractures. With severe crowding of individuals, this fact is inevitable. The occurrence of wounds with bleeding, bruises, fractures. It is necessary to monitor the number of individuals in the cell, to resettle them in time. Treat the damaged areas with iodine, apply tight dressings if necessary.
Viral and Infectious Diseases
Coccidiosis. the causative agent of this disease is a unicellular parasite of coccidia.
Its presence in the animal’s body is fraught with destruction of the intestines and liver at the cellular level, this leads to the fact that the animal falls and cannot rise.
Coccidiosis suffers mainly young growth (not older than 16 weeks).
The parasite enters the body from feces. The animal’s appetite worsens, the body weakens, bloating is observed. The coat fades and ruffles; he begins to drink a lot of fluids.
In the stage of progression, the disease is fraught with the appearance of seizures. A fatal outcome occurs after 2 weeks. Effectively help to overcome the disease "Sulfadimethoxin", "Sulfanilamide", "Norsulfazole".
It is administered orally with moistened food for 5 days. For preventive purposes, iodine can be given to rabbits.
In addition, rabbits can get the following:
- Myxomatosis. One of the most dangerous viral diseases for rabbits. The causative agent of the disease is the myxoma virus, carried by rodents or bloodsucking: lice, ticks or fleas. Nodular tumors are observed in the genital area, head and anus. The mucous eyes become inflamed, the ears go down, the attractiveness of the appearance is lost. The animal dies within 2 weeks after infection. Effective methods of treating this disease do not exist. If such an ailment is detected, the animal must be immediately isolated from all other animals, the veterinary services must be notified to enter quarantine and prohibit the movement and export of animals. If necessary, slaughter of sick rabbits is carried out. As a prophylaxis, rabbits can be vaccinated.
- Hemorrhagic disease. It spreads between individuals very quickly by airborne droplets, through food. It is asymptomatic, the animal dies without obvious signs of the disease. Vaccination of animals will help protect them from the disease for 15 months. In the presence of this disease, the rabbit needs to be killed, and the cage in which it was located should be disinfected with special means.
This is an incomplete list of diseases in rabbits, but the most common and common. details about methods of dealing with all sorts of rabbit ailments can be found in this section of the site.
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