Paralysis of the extremities in rabbits is a common problem. When the hind legs failed in the rabbit, it is necessary to find out the exact cause of this pathological condition, because it depends on how and how to treat the pet.
Rabbit’s hind or front paws fail
There are several diseases that can cause paralysis. A novice breeder should not lose a minute, because some diseases can lead to death of the animal.
Severity of rabies paralysis
Paralysis in rabbits occurs both due to injuries and due to infection with certain diseases. Signs of such a pathological condition are always similar, because most often paws suffer from it. Only additional symptoms may differ, which indicates the presence of certain diseases in the animal.
Determining whether a rabbit is paralyzed or not is not difficult: eared birds usually fall to their feet. During movement, the sick rabbit drags its paws on the ground.
Regardless of the cause of the pathological condition in rabbits, paws fail to varying degrees of damage. When one foot is damaged, it is monoparesis, when two, paraparesis. And when the legs are completely removed. tetraparesis. This form is the hardest. The animal is completely immobilized and cannot move. In addition, not only trauma or illness can cause paralysis. Sometimes this condition is a response of the nervous system to the threat. Stress from the influence of external factors leads to other equally serious diseases and even to the death of a pet.
Because of what the rabbits paws fail
Hind limb paralysis in rabbits occurs for a number of reasons. The most common are:
- eating problems;
- infection by infectious diseases;
- limb fracture and other injuries;
- pinched nerves;
No less rarely does the rabbit show paralysis of the hind limbs due to a deficiency of calcium in the body. If the breeder makes errors in the preparation of the feed, without adding additives that are beneficial to the health of the pet, this quickly affects the health of the puss. Calcium, necessary for the structure and strengthening of bone tissue, begins to be washed out, as a result, the skeleton becomes fragile.
Why do the paws fail in rabbits
Particularly susceptible to the deficiency of this trace element are individuals that have weak unstable immunity: a pregnant rabbit, as well as any eared, prone to frequent diseases. Young animals also suffer. Every second pet rabbit has very weak immunity and requires constant feeding with vitamins and minerals.
If the rabbit’s hind legs failed, it is difficult not to notice. Fuzzies are motionless, and while moving they drag them along the ground. Often this pathological condition affects the pet’s appetite. Sick rabbits may refuse their favorite treats, as well as drinking.
During this period, it is necessary to provide the rabbit with comfort and coziness by putting him in a separate cage. If the hind legs failed in several individuals, this most often indicates an infectious disease. In order not to destroy the entire population, you should quickly isolate healthy rabbits and consult a veterinarian.
Very often, when the eared legs are taken away due to some other pathological conditions, the course of paralysis becomes unpredictable. If the condition of the rabbits worsens, other symptoms may also appear:
- the formation of pressure sores of the skin of the limbs, which is in constant contact with the floor of the cell (sometimes the legs are bald);
- problems with urination;
- profuse salivation;
- disorientation in space.
When a pathological condition affects the nervous system, the development of the disease becomes unpredictable. Very often, veterinary intervention does not bring the desired effect and the animal dies.
Symptoms of rabbit disease
In some cases, with timely appeal to specialists, it is still possible to save the animal. But hind limb paralysis in a rabbit with central nervous system problems requires long-term treatment, which can take anywhere from a week to one month. In addition, the drugs used for these purposes cost a lot, so very often breeders prefer to reject sick animals rather than expose themselves to waste.
Rabbit Leg Injury
A common cause of rabbit hind legs failing is muscle and bone injuries. Most often, the eared one is injured in the following cases:
- falls and bumps;
- sloppy sharp movement in stressful situations.
Partly the occurrence of this cause is weak motor activity.
Keeping rabbits at home negatively affects their health. Like many animals contained in cages, they cannot afford to move much. This leads to a deterioration of bone tissue. The result is a fracture from any fall or light blow. Even a sharp movement of an eared as a result of fright can injure him.
A risk group also includes newborn rabbits that are fed artificially. Their immunity is weak and at greater risk than in babies who receive all the beneficial substances in breast milk. In addition, it is important not only to monitor the diet of small pets, but also to help them with defecation: they themselves do not know how to do this, so you should massage the tummy. At the same time, the procedure itself requires maximum caution: any incorrect movement of the hands can injure the baby.
Listeriosis as a cause of paralysis
A more dangerous cause of paralysis of the extremities in rabbits than listeriosis does not exist. The occurrence of this disease is associated with the spread of infection by temporary and major carriers:
- wild animals.
Rabbits can catch listeriosis in any contact with an infected animal or insect. In addition, their feces are dangerous. Veterinary intervention is powerless. In acute form, the disease exterminates the weakest animals. Most often young growth suffers, after which the rabbit dies. over, death occurs within a day. The chronic form is less lightning fast. An infected rabbit can live up to 1.5 months. Very rarely death can be avoided, but such an individual becomes useless for further maintenance.
Recognizing listeriosis is easy. Very often, in addition to the hind legs failing in rabbits, other symptoms are also observed: infected animals increase the spleen and the liver is affected. It is very difficult to independently identify such signs. But if the animal’s body cramps, this indicates 95% infection with listeriosis.
When the hind legs failed in the rabbit due to listeriosis, there is no chance of recovery. The spread of this disease in the herd is unpredictable. At the first suspicion of such a disease, a sick individual should be quarantined and consult a veterinarian. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is necessary to reject the rabbit and carry out a thorough disinfection in the common cage. In addition, it is important to completely get rid of the dead carcass: bury it away from the farm or burn.
The reason is brain inflammation
The brain is the organ responsible for the functioning of many systems. Its correct work allows every living being to think, react to some external and internal factors, succumb to reflexes, etc. Motor activity also belongs to the sphere of brain services. Any violation of this organ can not only take away some important function from the body, but also lead to death.
Signs of brain inflammation
Inflammation of the brain may also be one of the reasons why the rabbit’s hind legs failed. The most common diseases are:
- Encephalitis. Inflammation of the brain, the main symptom of which is paralysis. A sick individual can not only stand on its paws, but often even turns its head to the side. Such a disease is not treatable. It is rarely possible to save the life of an animal, but even after cure, vital reflexes remain impaired.
- Encephalomyelitis. Brain damage occurs as a result of infection with infectious diseases. Paralysis is one of the main symptoms of this disease. From the moment of manifestation of signs of inflammation to the death of the animal takes from 1 to 4 days.
- Meningitis. Inflammation of not only the brain, but also the spinal cord, as with other diseases it is very difficult to get rid of meningitis.
What to do when signs of inflammation of the brain appear is best known to specialists. Experienced farmers do not advise fighting for the life of a sick animal because of the minimal chance of its recovery. It’s best to kill him.
Before proceeding with extreme measures, the sick rabbit should be taken to the veterinarian. Very often, similar symptoms are manifested in disorders of the central nervous system, and the nervous system has a better chance of recovery. In addition, modern drugs used in specialized clinics allow you to restore the health of the animal in 5-7 days with timely contact of the breeder for help.
What to do to the farmer
When looking for the reason why the rabbit’s hind legs failed, it is necessary to act quickly.
Any hour or even a minute can be decisive, so you should immediately contact specialists for help. Experienced farmers do not recommend treating the livestock on their own: this only leads to a worsening of the animal’s health and death. It is possible to identify the cause of the pathological condition only if the pet has broken a paw. This is noticeable both in his behavior and in appearance. In addition, a fracture rarely affects two or more paws, so it is easy to determine if the limbs are damaged or still paralyzed.
If the paws fail for another reason, only a veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis. The first human actions should be aimed at isolating the rabbit from external stimuli. It should be moved to a separate cage, located in a warm and calm place, away from noise. If a rabbit bangs on a damaged foot, this is a good sign: the animal hits the inventory of the cage, knocks down the litter and behaves unnaturally because of its own anxiety. The presence of motor activity may indicate the presence of pain resulting from trauma or pinching of the nerve.