Everyone involved in rabbit breeding sooner or later encounters such a thing as rabbit diarrhea. Of course, for first-time breeders, the first acquaintance with a similar problem will not be the most pleasant, because they do not know how to help the rabbit, how to relieve it of problems with the digestive tract, which should be given in order to alleviate the symptoms. It is for this purpose that you should familiarize yourself with this article, which will set out answers to questions such as “why diarrhea occurs in rabbits,” “how and how to treat diarrhea in a rabbit,” “what should be done with diarrhea in a rabbit at home,” "What should be the prevention."
Diarrhea in rabbits
What should be normal stool in a rabbit?
In eared ears, the norm is considered to be both dense, formed stools and more fluid stools. In the first option, the excrement will look like small solid peas painted in brown.
There is another variant of fecal feces, which is often mistaken for diarrhea. At night, the cecum can be emptied in rabbits; its contents have a separate name. cecotrophs. However, this is considered normal and should not cause any concern to the animal owner. Often, a fluffy eats cecotrophs, and in the morning you can find only their traces.
An alarm should only be sounded in cases where there are changes in the behavior of the rabbit, that is, in the presence of any signs other than diarrhea. In such cases, veterinarians recommend using the help of professionals and not self-medicate so as not to harm the pet. Behind such an ailment can be a dangerous disease, which in the absence of treatment for diarrhea in rabbits can lead to death.
Causes of Diarrhea
Rabbit diarrhea cannot occur on its own, and medicine does not consider diarrhea as a separate disease. You must understand that diarrhea is a symptom that signals that a failure has occurred in the body. The situation is considered correct when the cause and treatment of diarrhea is determined by specialists, that is, veterinarians
The main causes of diarrhea in rabbits can be identified:
- damage to the intestines of the rabbit with parasites or worms;
- the presence of fungus in the digestive system;
- enteritis of a viral or infectious nature;
- indigestion, that is, traditional poisoning;
- antibiotic treatment, since the latter kill the natural microflora of the gastrointestinal tract;
- dental problems;
- non-compliance with nutritional rules, unbalanced diet;
- an infectious disease, the most common of which is coccidiosis.
Prevention of diarrhea is simple: you just need to take into account the above causes and warn each of them, in the end you do not have to guess what to do and because of which the eared ones die.
As mentioned earlier, you can not self-medicate. It is recommended to seek the help of professionals: only a qualified veterinarian can diagnose the disease in time and begin to treat it in a timely manner. In order to identify the causative agent, it is necessary to conduct a laboratory analysis of a sample of feces and only then prescribe the appropriate therapy.
It is important to note that true diarrhea in rabbits is not so common and is most often observed in young individuals and even in one-day-old rabbits. Adults suffer from this disease in most cases after a lesion by coccidia. Often, the immediate cause of death after a given illness is dehydration caused by common diarrhea.
Diarrhea in young individuals
If a little rabbit is vilified, this indicates a fatal situation. Due to their low body weight, rabbits quickly lose fluid and die from dehydration.
Among the causes that cause diarrhea in very young individuals, the untimely transition from milk feeding to independent food, that is, to grass and hay, is most often called. The fact is that the stomach of a small rabbit may simply not be ready to digest rough food, which entails digestive problems.
It often happens that rabbits are bought at an early age, about 5-8 weeks. For sale, the baby is weaned about the mother, and the new owner feeds the bunny with other food, which will include feed, grass and other plant foods. Weaning from the mother should take place no earlier than the baby reaches the age of 3 months: at this time, the digestive tract of the animal is formed, and its teeth also grow stronger.
In rabbit-related forums, you can often come up with questions regarding loose stools in young rabbits. Usually people mistakenly assume that they have acquired a sick animal, and begin treatment for a non-existent disease. First of all, we must assume that the rabbit was excommunicated too early from his mother, his body is not yet ready to receive food for adults. But this only applies to a situation where there are no other symptoms besides diarrhea, and the animal behaves as usual.
If, in addition to diarrhea, the rabbit has a number of other unpleasant symptoms, for example, temperature or a general deterioration, then a bacterial infection or virus should be suspected. As for young animals, most often they suffer from enteritis of a viral or bacterial nature. This disease can become fatal for a fragile organism and quickly lead to the death of a rabbit. If the veterinarian confirmed the presence of enteritis in the baby, antibiotic therapy should be started as soon as possible, since the bill can go on for days.
Features of diarrhea in adult rabbits
Adults can suffer from diarrhea for the following reasons:
- the presence of excess weight;
- inaccuracies in feeding allowed by the owner of the animals.
We will analyze each reason in more detail.
Rabbit is obese
First of all, you need to carefully examine the pet, does it not seem too plump. Maybe he began to move less, tries once again not to leave the cage and spends most of his time near the feeder, looks tired. If the fears have been confirmed, you need to revise the menu of the rabbit or rabbit to restore metabolism and help the animal get rid of the accumulated adipose tissue.
First of all, excessively fatty foods and those foods in which there are too many calories should be excluded from the diet. The fact is that such food has an extremely negative effect on the structure of the pet, causing excessive growth of adipose tissue. As a result, the animal becomes thick and clumsy.