Rabbit runny nose or rhinitis is one of the most common and unpleasant diseases for pets and their owners.
A lot has been written about the causes of its occurrence, prevention and treatment methods, however a single, detailed and detailed instruction to the rabbit breeder will not hurt.
Under the symptoms of a common cold and sneezing in rabbits several diseases may be hiding:
- allergic reaction;
- rhinitis is a dangerous infectious disease.
Allergies in rabbits usually occur with food or natural factors. In the vast majority of cases, an allergic rhinitis causes ordinary dust.
The dustiest foodstuff is hay. , from which the rabbit begins to sneeze. Cages with rabbits are not recommended to be kept in dusty places, since the respiratory system of eared pets is very delicate and often reacts to adverse environmental factors.
The cause of rhinitis in rabbits is an allergy to hay
It’s not difficult to get rid of allergies , it is only necessary to protect rabbits from an irritating product, that is, dust. Other causes of allergies are extremely rare, and only narrow specialists are involved in their study.
The second source of the common cold is the common cold.. The causes of its occurrence are associated with improper care:
- keeping rabbits in damp, cold and blown rooms;
- general weakness of the body caused by a lack of vitamins, poor diet.
Rabbits get a cold most often in the early spring and in the autumn-winter period. In the warm season, with proper care, a cold is a very rare occurrence.
The cause of rhinitis is infection. It can be transmitted from a sick rabbit to a healthy airborne droplet or through the use of common dishes. Cases of transmission of infection to rabbits from other domestic animals (chickens, dogs) are known.
Weakened immunity, the presence of chronic colds, contacts with other animals, including strangers, are fertile ground for the development and spread of rhinitis.
How rhinitis develops
The first symptoms of rhinitis are noticeable after a few days after infection. You can accurately determine the presence of the disease after 5-7 days. Rhinitis can occur in different ways.
The worst case scenario is fatal in 1.5-2 months.
Perhaps the development of chronic rhinitis. In this case, it is difficult to determine the timing of the course of the disease. Practice knows cases when infected rabbits lived for up to 1.5 years, and after slaughter, the meat was generally suitable for human consumption.
Why is chronic rhinitis dangerous? The danger of chronic rhinitis in that it can go into pneumonia and lead to complete bronchial dysfunction, which leads to the death of the animal. The meat of such a rabbit is not allowed.
Symptoms of the disease
Sneeze and snot. this is the first and earliest alarm. At the first hints of a sick rabbit, it is advisable to put him away from his brothers.
However, the appearance of snot, is not yet evidence of the appearance of rhinitis. Most likely, we are talking about a cold.
In a healthy rabbit, the nasal mucosa is pale pink. If it turns red, it increases in size (inflamed), discharge from the nose begin to acquire a yellowish, purulent hue, then these are sure signs of rhinitis at the initial stage.
In the future, even more pronounced symptoms appear that are noticeable even to a person very far from rabbit breeding. Rabbits’ cheeks are stained with dried pus.
Sick rabbit begins to scratch his nose diligently , why a characteristic crust appears on it. Holding your breath, wheezing, high fever, refusing food, losing weight are obvious symptoms of chronic advanced rhinitis.
How to treat snot (infectious rhinitis) in a rabbit
Only a veterinarian can determine the exact presence of rhinitis or a common cold in a rabbit , What is a blood test done for? Therefore, treatment always begins with general measures, which are often more effective than medicines.
Sick rabbit stands isolate , and all inventory is sanitized. Disinfection is carried out with ordinary boiling water.
If the house has formalin, then a 3 percent solution well cope with the destruction of the infection.
The second point is nutrition. There are always vitamins in a veterinary pharmacy that a rabbit might miss. Their addition to food, as well as a variety of diets, will help boost immunity and increase the chances of recovery.
If the measures taken are not enough and the condition of the sick pet does not improve, then start treatment, for which folk remedies and medicines are suitable.
There are a lot of treatment methods, so let’s focus on the main ones.
Penicillin or furatsilin instillation. The drugs are affordable and inexpensive, penicillin can be replaced by analogues of its group. A solution of penicillin or furatsilina is pipetted into the rabbit’s nose.
The procedure can be repeated 2-3 times a day for 10-12 days. A single dose of 10-15 drops.
Since rabbits do not really like instillation, it is ideal if they help you hold the rabbit firmly, as it is inconvenient for one person to complete the entire procedure.
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Addition of Biomycin to Food. Biomycin is not an expensive and proven drug, it is preliminarily mixed in warm water and added to the eared food.
Standard dose for 1 rabbit 1 mg per day. In serious diseases, the dose increases by 2-2.5 times. The drug acts quickly, so rabbits will recover after 4-5 days.
Inhalation with essential oils or decoction of herbs. The inhalation course is carried out up to 7 days. For treatment: decoctions of mint, sage, fennel, thyme, eucalyptus oil, sea buckthorn, lavender, cloves.
When using oil, a dosage of 1 drop per 2 liters of water is maintained.
For inhalation, the rabbit must be put in a small cage with permeable walls. Next to it (but inaccessible to the rabbit) is a pan or other container with hot broth.
The cage and pan are covered (wrapped) so that the rabbit can breathe in pairs. The concentration and temperature of the broth is checked experimentally.
If the eyes do not pinch and the temperature is tolerable , then this is the best option for a rabbit. Do not forget about the crack for fresh air.
And the patient can be taken, for which it is advisable to put a bowl of plain water and food in the cage. The frequency of inhalation is 1-2 per day.
After inhalation, nasal discharge will become more abundant. To alleviate the condition of the rabbit, it is advisable to wipe them with a towel or paper towel.
There is also a cold inhalation method.. It is carried out according to the instructions, sold complete with special devices. You can buy such a device in a veterinary pharmacy.
Very effective for cold inhalations are sea salt fumes.
With rhinitis, antibiotic injections are prescribed. There are more than a dozen effective drugs. However, given the dangers of antibiotics for the rabbit, it is advisable to inject them only after a blood test and consultation with a veterinarian.
Diet for the patient
There are no restrictions on the nutrition of a sick rabbit with rhinitis. But diversify the diet, add vitamins, herbs to it (slightly withered) is desirable.
Herbs such as basil, mint, dill, and chamomile will support the rabbit’s immunity. Warm tea from these herbs can be given as a drink.
A runny nose rabbit needs even more nutrition to be warmer. Therefore, in the cold season they do this: sick rabbits are taken to a house or other warm buildings.
What to do for prevention
The best way to avoid a cold. these are the right conditions for keeping pets, especially in winter. Warm room, lack of drafts, dampness, vitamins and a varied diet.
As special preventative measures biomycin is added to food for rabbits (0.5 grams per day for 1 rabbit). Dill, mint, chamomile, wormwood, basil also have antiviral effects.
To summarize, it should be emphasized that preventing pet rhinitis is much easier than treating it later.
over, practice knows a lot of examples when even antibiotics do not help the animals to recover completely.
Reading time: 4 minutes
Runny nose in rabbits is a fairly common occurrence. Most often, it occurs in the offseason, in young, not yet fully matured animals. Its external signs are the same as in most pets of other species: white mucous discharge from the nose, watery eyes, and so on. What to do if a rabbit sneezes, how and how to treat it, and also what is the cause of this disease, we will try to figure it out further.
All diseases of the respiratory tract in these animals can be both independent diseases and symptoms of various infections. The usual symptoms that most often accompany rhinitis (the common name for the common cold in medicine) are: difficulty breathing (caused by a narrowing of the airways), coughing and lacrimation. Rhinitis in a rabbit can be caused by various injuries of the nose, as well as poor sanitary condition of the cage (the presence of dirt and dust in it) and inhalation of too hot air.
A runny nose causes any inflammatory process that occurs on the mucous membrane of the nasal cavities. It is a cold and concomitant symptom of other diseases (most often. of an infectious nature). Whatever the cause of sneezing in rabbits, treatment should begin as soon as possible.
The most common cause of a snot in a rabbit is an elementary cold.
It can be provoked by drafts in the cage, strong winds, as well as sharp temperature drops. Especially often snot appear in the smallest rabbits and in young animals who have not reached puberty. Most often, cells with rabbits stand on the street, which helps strengthen their immune system. However, in severe cold, breeders often clean them in the room, and when warming, they again take them out to fresh air. If such a transition is very sharp. rabbits can catch a cold. In addition, if the cells are not sufficiently insulated and protected from drafts, then in the autumn-winter period a runny nose is a common phenomenon.
According to the form of the course, rhinitis is divided into transient, acute and chronic.
The acute course of the disease is characterized by frequent sneezing. At the same time, animals shake their heads and rub their noses with their paws. With such a runny nose, the inner surface of the nasal mucosa swells, either transparent or whitish discharge appears on the outside, dried crusts may appear around the nostrils. If the nose is very full, then the rabbits move to breathing through their mouths. The chronic form of the common cold is characterized by periodic exacerbations, accompanied by recessions of the disease for a rather long time.
It is very important to correctly diagnose and determine the form of the disease. Without this, treatment may not just be ineffective, and in some cases even harmful to the animal’s health.
First of all, the viral and infectious causes of rhinitis should be excluded, and this requires the consultation of a veterinarian.
A runny nose can be one of the symptoms of a respiratory or other infection.
In such cases, nasal secretions, as a rule, differ in serous or white color, they may contain such types of bacteria as streptococcus, bronchisepticus and E. coli. This rhinitis is characteristic of animals with a weakened immune system, since in a latent form, bacteria can be present in the nasal cavities and in the nasopharynx in healthy rabbits. The development of a disease from a latent to an explicit form is usually promoted by: poor conditions, poor or unbalanced nutrition, dirt and dust in the cell.
Such bacteria are transmitted from sick animals to healthy ones most often by airborne droplets, however, infection is also possible through bedding or equipment used in the household.
The first signs of such rhinitis appear quite quickly. on the third or fifth day after infection. Rabbits actively sneeze, the mucous membrane of their noses swells, white nasal discharge occurs, accompanied by lacrimation. To distinguish between common colds and contagious rhinitis from each other is quite simple. In the second case, in addition to the usual signs of a runny nose, the general depressed state of the animal is clearly expressed, shortness of breath appears in it, breathing becomes difficult. As a rule, against the background of this, the body temperature rises, in the rabbit’s lungs during breathing, extraneous sounds (whistles or wheezing) are heard.
Infectious rhinitis can last quite a long time.
If treatment is not started on time, then it can go into a severe, intractable form. Dangerous diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, and purulent pneumonia can occur. In such cases, the death of the animal within one to two months after infection is possible.
Treatment and prevention of the disease
How to treat the common cold in rabbits depends on the cause that caused it. Therefore, it is important to accurately diagnose.
It is difficult to do this on your own, without appropriate knowledge, so it is best to contact your veterinarian right away.
The first step is to isolate the sick rabbit from healthy animals.
Transplant him into a clean, disinfected cell and watch him for a while. will there be any changes in his condition. If the condition does not improve, there is a high risk of an infectious course or rhinitis due to a rabbit nose injury.
If the common cold became the cause of the common cold, then after placing the rabbit in a warm and dry cage, it is necessary to improve its diet. The crusts that can form in the nose are easily removed with a three percent hydrogen peroxide solution. After the procedure, the animal’s nostrils are best lubricated with petroleum jelly. If the color of the nasal secretions is white, then five to six drops of the Ekmonovocillin preparation will help, which must be diluted in boiled water in the proportions of one to two (one part of the medicine is two parts of water). The resulting solution is instilled into the nose with a pipette.
If rhinitis has appeared amid other diseases, treatment should be comprehensive. With this approach, a one percent solution of “Furacilin” is usually prescribed together with a solution of Penicillin (in the amount of 15-20 thousand units).
If diseases such as pneumonia or bronchitis develop, either Norsulfazole or Sulfadimezin is added to the animal feed. I calculate the dose based on the weight of the rabbit. 200 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. If the disease is accompanied by a significant increase in body temperature, it is necessary to do intramuscular injections of Penicillin every four hours at a dosage of 20 thousand units per kilogram of live weight. Erythromycin and Biomycin are also effective medicines.
If the disease has affected several animals, chlorine-turpentine inhalations are an effective therapy.
In most cases, the duration of such complex therapy is from one week to ten days, but full recovery usually occurs after 20 days.
Rabbit Rhinitis Prevention
The main preventive measures to prevent this rabbit disease are:
- quality conditions for keeping rabbits;
- observance of a comfortable temperature regime in the cells;
- prevention of sudden temperature changes;
- compliance with basic hygiene and sanitation rules;
- high quality feed without impurities and pollution;
- the presence in the diet of rabbits of special additives that stimulate the immune system of animals;
- regular vaccination.
Rabbits are bred because of their beautiful fur and healthy dietary meat. But in the process of breeding, the owners of these rodents encounter a number of troubles associated with their health. Rabbits. animals are very demanding in care, so livestock breeders should carefully monitor the content of rabbits and their condition.