In rabbits, respiratory diseases are often found, such as inflammation of the nasal mucosa (rhinitis), bronchitis, and inflammation of the lungs and pleura. Young animals are most susceptible to colds.
Causes of respiratory disease in rabbits
The etiology of respiratory diseases, in addition to the common cold, can be adverse factors, such as inhalation of air containing irritating gases, dust, mold spores.
Symptoms and varieties of diseases of the respiratory system of rabbits
Rhinitis in rabbits
Redness of the nasal mucosa, discharge from the nostrils, sneezing.
General depression, rapid breathing, wheezing, or whistling in the lungs. There may be discharge from the nostrils, fever.
Pleurisy in rabbits
With pleurisy, severe pain is noted with pressure on the chest.
Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) in rabbits
Etiology. Most often occurs as a result of acute bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchi), in which inflammation from the mucous membrane of the bronchi passes directly to the lungs.
Symptoms of pneumonia in rabbits
Affected areas of the lung are filled with fluid. Air does not get into them. The lungs are full of blood. It can be difficult for the animal to breathe and shortness of breath occurs. The body temperature rises, a cough appears, as well as discharge from the nose of the mucous membrane or purulent fluid. The pulse is quickened, the state is depressed, the appetite is sharply reduced. Swallowing is difficult, as the inflammation passes to the throat. Inflammation of the lungs can occur in acute sludge of a chronic form.
Diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia in rabbits
Diagnosis set on the basis of history, clinical signs, laboratory and special research methods.
Treatment. Sick rabbits are placed in a warm, dry room, improve nutrition, provide vitamins, monitoring the purity of the air. With secretions from the nose, an antiseptic solution is instilled into each nostril or can be replaced with an antibiotic solution. Along with this, general treatment is carried out using anti-inflammatory, antihistamines. Intravenous antibiotics, calcium preparations, and vitamins are indicated. When signs of intoxication lead glucose. To reduce the temperature and soreness, antipyretic and analgesics are used. To increase the body’s resistance, immunomodulators and immunostimulants are used.
The main symptom is shortness of breath. The rabbit breathes with its mouth open, stretches its head and neck, the tongue turns blue, the stomach and chest rise and fall strongly when breathing, the animal lies.
Check nasal passages. If there is thick discharge from the nostrils, first soak them, applying a wet towel or handkerchief to each nostril in turn (without blocking the mouth and making breathing difficult), and then carefully remove with your fingers or tweezers. Do this slowly and carefully, do not forget that the rabbit has a very sensitive nasal area and, causing pain, you can aggravate stress. After that, carefully wrap the rabbit in a towel, trying not to change the position of his head, arrange in a cool, dry, dark place. Call a doctor.
From the book The Health of Your Dog by Anatoly Baranov
9. Respiratory diseases Various respiratory system disorders are included in the set of symptoms of many diseases. There are also independent diseases of the respiratory system. You should be aware that the respiratory rate of a healthy dog is 10-30 breaths and
Respiratory diseases Central Asian shepherd dogs develop these diseases extremely rarely. If the dog shows their symptoms, this may indicate some kind of infection or low immunity. The only exceptions are upper respiratory tract diseases
Determining the respiratory rate The respiratory rate can be set by counting the number of breaths and exhalations of the dog for 1 min. Counting can be done according to the movements of the chest or nose of the dog. The normal respiratory rate of the rottweiler is 10-20 times per minute. Puppies breathing
Respiratory diseases Rottweilers have extremely rare diseases. If the dog shows their signs, this may indicate any infection or reduced immunity. The only exceptions are diseases of the upper respiratory tract and
Respiratory organs The respiratory organs of pigeons are very complex and adapted to long flights. The breathing apparatus consists of: ›nasal cavity;› upper larynx; ›trachea;› lower larynx; ›bronchi;› lungs; ›system of branched air sacs.
How to determine your breathing rate You can set your breathing rate by counting the number of breaths in one minute. To do this, you can use different methods: visually (by the movement of the chest) and by applying the palms of the hands to the chest of the dog, which
RESPIRATORY BODIES Since pigeons need to make long flights, their respiratory organs are difficult to arrange. The breathing apparatus of pigeons includes: nasal cavity, upper larynx, trachea, lower larynx, bronchi, lungs, system of branched airways
RESPIRATORY DISEASES The chest and abdominal cavities in healthy dogs move approximately synchronously. Chest movements become more frequent with inflammation of the diaphragm, an increase in organs in the abdominal region and with their painful condition. Increased abdominal movements
Respiratory arrest The volume of the chest of a rabbit with a rather large volume of the abdominal cavity is small, which is why in a state of shock respiratory movements are unproductive. With this in mind, perform artificial respiration as follows: ›put
Respiratory system This system provides oxygen to the body and the removal of carbon dioxide, that is, the exchange of gases between atmospheric air and blood. In cattle, gas exchange occurs in the lungs, which are located in the chest.
Respiratory diseases These diseases can develop both independently and accompany infectious and invasive diseases. They are to some extent an indicator of the body’s resistance. The main symptoms are cough, shortness of breath, change
Respiratory diseases Respiratory diseases can develop independently, as well as accompany infectious and invasive diseases, injuries, such as pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura). They are to some extent an indicator of the body’s resistance.
Respiratory diseases Respiratory diseases can develop both independently and accompany infectious and invasive diseases and injuries (pleurisy. inflammation of the pleura). They are to some extent an indicator of the body’s resistance.
Respiratory system The respiratory system provides oxygen to the body and the removal of carbon dioxide, that is, gas exchange between atmospheric air and blood. In terrestrial animals, gas exchange occurs in the lungs, which are located in the chest.
Domestic rabbits can look quite normal (maybe a little calmer), even when they are almost on the verge of death. A sick wild rabbit becomes easy prey for the fox. this is why rabbits are programmed to hide their disease. And since these are small animals, they can quickly get dehydrated and hypothermia. For any suspicious symptoms, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. If you postpone the visit for a day to see if it passes by itself, then this decision may prove fatal.
So, What are the signs that your rabbit is sick and needs to be shown to a veterinarian immediately?
The rabbit is breathing heavily. Lips and tongue are bluish. The respiratory rate of a rabbit in a calm state is 50-60 respiratory movements per minute. If the rabbits are hot or scared, the respiratory rate increases. Find out in advance the number of inspirations-exhalations of your pet in a calm state. If breathing is difficult or hoarse, it’s time to start worrying. Blue tongue and lips indicate that the rabbit is not enough oxygen. Do not delay the visit to the veterinarian!
The rabbit has severe diarrhea (diarrhea). If the rabbit had loose or soft stools, but otherwise he behaves normally, lively and mobile, then you can wait until the next morning and if the problem persists, then contact your veterinarian. Frequent secretion of cecotrophs is not considered diarrhea. It’s time to worry about the rabbit if you see a pool of liquid or jelly-like stool in the cage. In this case, the help of a veterinarian is urgently needed. Small rabbits are especially prone to acute diarrhea and lose fluid very quickly. Many die from diarrhea within a few days after arriving at their new home.
Fracture of the back or limbs. When falling from a height, the rabbit can get various injuries. A very serious disease is a fracture of the spine, in which there is complete or partial paralysis of the hind limbs, but it is not hopeless. The active use of steroids immediately after the discovery of an injury helps to reduce the swelling of the spine, and many rabbits after that lead an almost normal life. Broken limb bones can be fixed with light plaster casts. A rabbit that has fallen from a height may also have injuries to its internal organs.
The rabbit is very passive, the ears are cold to the touch. That means he very sick. Most likely, this is the final stage of dehydration, sepsis or shock. Usually an animal sits huddled in a corner and does not respond when you pick it up. Wrap it in something warm and take it to the vet immediately.
Something hurts in the rabbit. In this case, the rabbit usually sits hunched over, half-closed his eyes, refuses to move and grinds his teeth. Most often, abdominal pain. Talk to your veterinarian. Before calling him, examine the rabbit’s tray. what kind of bowel movement is there, whether there is diarrhea or lumps of wool. The veterinarian will need information about what the rabbit ate, how he urinated and defecated.
Rabbit urine. Urine in a healthy rabbit usually contains a large amount of light sediment and may seem abnormal to an uninitiated person. The color of rabbit urine varies from white, yellowish white to light brown. Rabbits that drink a lot of fluids produce more clear urine with less sediment. Rabbits that have recently taken antibiotics and those who have experienced severe stress can produce orange or reddish urine. It is possible to distinguish it from an infected infection or stained blood as a result of uterine bleeding only with the help of analysis.
Poisoning and other threats to life. Domestic rabbits are often allowed to run around the house. However, rabbits like to bite everything and often get into trouble, gnawing through electric wires, eating poisonous domestic plants and carpets. Electric shock, burns, poisoning and blockage of the intestines. these are the most common consequences of this. Rabbits need to be kept in the enclosure when the owner is not at home and carefully monitor them when the owner is at home to avoid accidents.
Temporary selective anorexia. Some rabbits occasionally refuse to eat granular food containing alfalfa. But at the same time they continue to eat other components of their diet. This disease is usually a response to stress resulting from improper maintenance or a sudden change in environment. A sick rabbit can refuse alfalfa for weeks. Usually, an examination of his health does not show any deviations. Perhaps the cause of loss of appetite may be the formation of a ball of wool in the stomach.
Discharge from the eyes or ears, salivation, clouding of the cornea of the eye is also a reason for going to the veterinarian.
Credit: Portal Zooclub
When reprinting this article, an active link to the source is MANDATORY, otherwise, the use of the article will be considered a violation of the "Law on Copyright and Related Rights".
Rabbits are bred because of their beautiful fur and healthy dietary meat. But in the process of breeding, the owners of these rodents encounter a number of troubles associated with their health. Rabbits. animals are very demanding in care, so livestock breeders should carefully monitor the content of rabbits and their condition.
Differences between a sick rabbit and a healthy one
Not all diseases are accompanied by severe symptoms, but you can see the difference between a sick rabbit and a healthy one. And in order not to lose sight of the first signals of the disease, the animals need a systematic examination. This is done before mating, as well as before and after okrolya. After birth, rabbits are first examined daily, and then every 14 days. Most diseases and methods of their treatment are not very difficult, the main thing is to prevent the development of complications and to take measures in time.
A healthy rabbit is distinguished by its activity and good appetite. The main signs of a healthy animal:
- no discharge from the mucous membranes;
- the fur is shiny;
- respiration rate about 60 times per minute;
- uniform pulse 120-160 beats per minute;
- temperature 38.5-39.5 degrees.
If urine or feces changes, then this may indicate a disease that has begun. Normal bowel movements are black or dark brown in the form of peas. Urine should also be dark. Its shade depends on the type of feed.
Signs of an unhealthy animal
Each disease has its own distinctive signs, but there are a number of symptoms indicating disorder in the rabbit’s body. If they appeared in an animal, it is necessary to urgently consult a specialist in order to avoid the spread of the disease to other individuals and to start treatment on time.
Many diseases begin with the following symptoms:
- atypical behavior;
- the rabbit lies with his eyes closed;
- the animal is difficult and often breathes, thirsty all the time;
- hair loss;
- discharge from the nose or eyes;
- the appearance of formations on the body;
- the animal paralyzes, it trembles or beats in convulsions;
- violation of the stool.
Types of Rabbit Disease
Rabbits can get sick with numerous diseases that can be divided into the following groups:
The most common are infectious diseases. They are the most dangerous because an infected animal poses a potential threat to the lives of others.
Noncommunicable diseases are mainly tied with improper nutrition, in violation of maintenance requirements, and temperature conditions. These include all kinds of bruises and injuries. Noncommunicable diseases do not pose a threat to the life of other animals. a sick rabbit is not contagious.
The disease can develop in two forms: hepatic and intestinal. In the first embodiment, the disease can last about 50 days, during which the animal has diarrhea and it loses weight. The intestinal form is fleeting. in 10 days the rabbit dies.
During the incubation period (2-3 days), rodent observed jaundice, feces has blood impurities. The age of a sick animal may vary, but the most vulnerable 2 to 4-month-old rabbits. Diagnosis of the disease is possible only after analysis of feces for the presence of the pathogen.
Coccidosis can be treated in several ways. You can give the animal a solution of iodine: an adult 100 g of a 0.01% solution per day from the 25th day of pregnancy, then the volume is increased to 200 g per day of a 0.02% solution. Courses of 10 days each. Rabbits are treated in the same way, only the volume of the solution should be 2 times less. The second method is treatment with an aqueous solution of sulfa drugs. Give the rabbit a solution 2 times a day for 5 days.
We described the disease in more detail in the article coccidiosis in rabbits, for reference go to the following link
The sick animal is lethargic and lacks appetite. Gradually, the body becomes weaker and the rabbit dies. When you open it, you can see the affected liver. Multiple vesicles are visible on the abdomen. You can diagnose the disease using an allergen injected under the skin.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for cysticercosis. It is only necessary to take preventive measures to prevent the spread of the pathogen. If the dead rabbit shows affected organs with cestodes, then the corpse is destroyed. Dogs cannot be kept in rabbit households except guard dogs. Keep stray dogs out of the area. As a chemical prophylaxis, 10% mebenvet granulate is added to animal feed for 30-40 days.
Dead rabbit from pasteurellosis
This disease very quickly affects the entire population if there is a sick animal in the herd. The age of the sick can be any. But the source of infection can be not only a sick rabbit, but also contaminated food and care items. Carriers of pasteurellosis are birds and rodents.
When the rabbit gets sick, he has a sharp increase in temperature to 41-42 degrees. Their condition is oppressed, rapid breathing. This disease is fleeting. after 1-3 days the body temperature drops to 33 degrees and the rabbit dies. This disease may also have a chronic form in which purulent rhinitis appears.
At autopsy in a sick animal, numerous hemorrhages of all internal organs are noted. The spleen is significantly enlarged, and there may be dead spots on the liver.
They treat pasteurellosis with antibiotics. biomycin, chloramphenicol, etc. As a prophylaxis, rabbits are vaccinated.
The skins of sick animals are disinfected, and their entrails are disposed of. Meat can be eaten when thoroughly checked.
One of the most dangerous diseases of rabbits. It happens in 2 forms: nodular and edematous. The first form is characterized by the appearance of small nodules that grow to the size of a pea and shower the body. The edematous form manifests itself in the form of small edema, which connects with time into one large edema.
All these formations are called mixes. The most common places they appear are the head, anus and genitals. Another characteristic symptom is inflammation of the lining of the eye. The animal acquires an ugly appearance and dies after 7-10 days. There is no cure for this disease. At the first signals of myxomatosis, a veterinary service should be notified. A sick animal is subject to liquidation, and the clothes of a person who had contact with him are disinfected. Cal should be buried to a depth of not less than a meter.
This disease has an acute and chronic form. The infected rabbit has a high temperature, rapid pulse and breathing, his eyelids swell. There is also swelling of the abdomen and the space under the jaw. The chronic form is also characterized by dryness and fragility of some areas of the fur cover. Yellowness appears on the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth.
The causative agent of the disease is the helminth of the trematode Fasclola hepatica. To diagnose the presence of the pathogen, a laboratory analysis of feces is performed.
The liver infected with fascioliasis is boiled to disinfect, or disposed of in a cattle burial ground.
Both rabbits and humans can become infected with this disease. Especially at risk are pregnant rabbits. Appearing once, this disease can befall rabbits every year for many years. Infection carriers are fleas, ticks, lice.
The causative agent can survive in soil, grain, water for several years. Breeding places are also diverse: water, milk, bodies of corpses, soil, etc. In nature, many rodents are the reservoir of listeriosis.
Basically, the disease has an acute and super-acute form. As a result of its development, up to half of the livestock herd perishes. Opening the dead animal, you can notice changes in the liver. it has a dark red color, enlarged, with scattered white necrotic nodules. Lymph nodes are also enlarged.
Diagnosing the disease of adults is not difficult. Only pregnant rabbits depart. Dead animals are cremated or buried 1 meter deep. Litter and food leftovers are also burned. The cells where sick animals lived are thoroughly disinfected. They treat only non-pregnant individuals with antibiotics. But the result is ineffective, and the rabbit that is being treated remains a source of infection dangerous for others. Therefore, the best prevention is the destruction of the animal.
Only a veterinarian can detect this disease. It does not always have clear signs, and in many ways is similar to staphylococcosis. When tularemia proceeds in a latent form, it is impossible to notice external signs.
First, the inflammatory process spreads to the lymph nodes, on which abscesses appear over time, subsequently they can burst. As a rule, sick animals die. But those who survive tularemia develop a strong immunity.
The causative agent of the disease can be identified only as a result of bacteriological analysis of the material. When opening a dead animal, one can observe an increase in various glands (pelvic, cervical, axillary, lymph nodes) that are filled with blood. The tissues around the glands are swollen. The spleen, liver, lungs, belly are covered with small pustules.
In order to prevent disease, it is necessary to follow the rules of sanitation. Regularly destroy mice and rats on the farm, fight blood-sucking insects. Be sure to use protective clothing and disinfect hands. Only open animals with gloves. If the farm has animals suffering from tularemia, then a 20-day quarantine is required. It is also necessary to isolate rabbits, which have only a suspicion of the disease. Corpses and skins of deceased individuals are disposed of.
With rhinitis, the rabbit develops a serous flow from the nose, then mucus. He often sneezes and scratches his nose.
The animal is treated with furacilin 1% mixed penicillin (20,000 units per 1 mg). Instill the mixture 2 times a day. You can use econovocillin as a treatment by diluting the drug with boiled water 1: 2 or with a solution of NaCl. Buried in the nostrils of 5-6 drops.
Read about this disease in more detail in the article, in it you are the main symptoms, causes and treatment methods.
The main factors causing the disease are drafts, sudden changes in temperature, high humidity. Diagnose it is not difficult:
- lack of appetite;
- high temperature (up to 42 degrees);
- wheezing during breathing;
- discharge from the nostrils.
In the presence of these signs, the animal is placed in comfortable conditions without drafts with optimal humidity and temperature. Give him intensive food and antibiotic treatment. Give him as much drink as possible.
First you should change the feed and give the rabbit a lot to drink. Make rice or oat broth. They have an absorbent property.
Inspection of adults and young rabbits should be regular. This makes it possible to notice the signs of the disease in time and fight it effectively. First of all, symptoms appear on the mucous membranes, so they are given special attention.
After weaning, the baby rabbits are weakened by their immunity over time and they become more susceptible to disease. In order to prevent the most dangerous diseases have been developed. The most common vaccinations: from HBV and from myxomatosis. The first is done mainly from the age of 1.5 months. The immunity lasts 6-9 months, then revaccination is necessary. Today, complex vaccines have been developed that protect the animal from several diseases simultaneously.
You need to be vaccinated by following some rules. Adhere to the timing of vaccination, purchase the vaccine in safe places, monitor its expiration date. The animal must be absolutely healthy before vaccination. There is no sense in vaccinating against this ailment for a sick rabbit. it will be ineffective.
A rabbit is no less than a person susceptible to many dangerous diseases. Therefore, in order for the animal to benefit, it requires careful care and attention. At the slightest sign of a change in his behavior or appearance, measures must be taken.
Rabbits, although unpretentious animals, but they have a rather fragile body to fight many diseases, and the diseases in rabbits are very insidious (sometimes they kill a rabbit in just a couple of days), so when the first signs of the disease appear, immediately consult a veterinarian (how at the same time, it would be disgusting to “feed” veterinary clinics, since self-diagnosis and appropriate treatment often leads to death). Knowing rabbit diseases and their symptoms can help you in difficult times.
Infectious diseases of rabbits (infectious):
Infectious rhinitis (runny nose). Symptoms: The rabbit often sneezes, various discharge flows from the nose, the animal rubs its nose with its paws, wheezing appears, and breathing becomes "heavy".
Infectious stomatitis. Symptoms: First, the rabbit’s mouth turns red, then a white coating appears on it in the tongue, then ulcers, while the rabbit is drooling, diarrhea.
Colibacillosis. Symptoms: The rabbit loses interest in what is happening, becomes lethargic, refuses to eat, suffers from diarrhea.
Listeriosis. Symptoms: A pregnant rabbit dies or brings in dead offspring.
Myxomatosis. Symptoms: Bloats (nodules), edema are formed on the rabbit’s body, purulent discharge from the eyes and nose is often observed.
Pasteurellosis. Symptoms: The rabbit becomes lethargic, frightened, loses interest in food, breathing quickens, the temperature rises on the first day, there may be discharge from the nose.
Salmonellosis. Symptoms: The rabbit stops eating normally, diarrhea often appears, becomes lethargic.
Staphylococcosis. Symptoms: Various abscesses appear on the body, purulent abscesses under the skin.
Fungal diseases of rabbits:
Ringworm. Symptoms: The rabbit on the skin areas of the skin deteriorates, after which bald spots form. With microsporia, hairless reddened areas appear in the ears of the rabbit.
Aspergillosis Symptoms: The rabbit is losing weight, often breathing, cramps, even paralysis.
Coccidiosis Symptoms: The rabbit has diarrhea and constipation, the stomach swells, the hair is tousled, and the rabbit is losing weight. Sometimes the mouth and eyelids turn yellow, convulsions appear.
Passalurosis. Symptoms: The rabbit grows thin, sheds badly, becomes restless, rubs backwards on the bottom and sides of the cell, with severe infection, diarrhea and colic appear.
Cysticercosis. Symptoms: The rabbit eats poorly, becomes lethargic, the oral cavity turns pale.
Tick diseases of rabbits:
Itchy scabies. Symptoms: Watery small vesicles appear on the skin.
Ear scabies. Symptoms: Rabbits shake their heads, scratch their ears, characteristic crusts appear in the ears. If the disease affects the brain, the rabbit will have fatal seizures.
Digestion-related rabbit diseases:
Bloating and intestines. Symptoms: The rabbit’s breathing quickens, he does not breathe fully, the stomach / intestines swells, and there are constipation.
Qatar. Symptoms: The rabbit loses its appetite, often pooping, while feces are liquid.
Rickets. Symptoms: Due to a lack of vitamin D, the rabbit’s bones are deformed.
Diseases associated with the wrong place of keeping rabbits:
Subdermatitis. Symptoms: When kept on rabbit paws on the net floors, hair falls out, cracks and ulcers appear, it becomes restless, eats poorly, and the female secretes milk poorly.
Rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal cavity). Symptoms: The rabbit sneezes, rubs the nose, various discharge appears from the nose.
Bronchitis and pneumonia. Symptoms: The rabbit looks depressed, does not want to eat, his breathing quickens, wheezing and wheezing are heard.
Solar and thermal shock. Symptoms: The rabbit becomes lethargic, falls to its side, lies down, twitches convulsively, he has frequent breathing.
Frostbite. Symptoms: The rabbit in the places of frostbite appears swelling, blisters.
Conjunctivitis. Symptoms: Due to contamination of the eye, the eyes of the rabbit turn red, tears flow, often pus is released.